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  • Challenge of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Program in Thailand to Support Thailands Automotive Industry

    Yossapong Laoonual, PhD

    Committee, Thai Society of Mechanical Engineers (TSME)

    Assistant Professor

    Department of Mechanical Engineering

    King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT)

    Special Expert (joint appointment with KMUTT)

    Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI)

    Baden-Wrttemberg Forum Bangkok, 28th April 2014, BITEC Bangkok, Thailand

  • Contents

    2

    Thailands Automotive Industry

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand

    Role of Higher Education in Thailands Automotive Industry

    Conclusion

  • Thailands Automotive Industry During 1960s Auto industry regarded as a major

    driver of Industrialization BOI passed Industrial Promotion

    Act and provided incentives for foreign investment in car assembly (50% reduction of import duties and trade taxes).

    1971 1973 Thailand announced its first

    motorcycle industry policy (50% of motorcycle assembly parts be locally produced and later increased to 70%)

    1972 1986 Auto industry caused a substitution trade

    deficit from import parts. The policy changed from import substitution

    to export promotion and import of completely built up (CBU) units were banned to promote local production and instituted local content requirements.

    3 Source: Nittaya Wongtada and Tatchawan Kanitpong (2011) Thailand: Automotive and Auto Parts Industry in Facets of Competitiveness: Narratives from ASEAN, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.

  • Thailands Automotive Industry 1986 1991 Successful period

    in Thailands economic development which attracted the investment of Japanese auto parts makers.

    1997 Asia

    Financial Crisis

    1998-2003 Establishment of

    Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI) to coordinate industrial strategies in 1998.

    Regarded Thailand as Detroit of Asia.

    2007 - 2012 In 2007, BOI announced its

    investment promotion scheme for Eco-car manufacturing. (Exemption on corporate income tax and import duty of production machinery and up to 90% for raw material)

    2013-Present BOI announced

    new eco-car phase 2 scheme.

    Ten OEM have official applied.

    4 Source: Nittaya Wongtada and Tatchawan Kanitpong (2011) Thailand: Automotive and Auto Parts Industry in Facets of Competitiveness: Narratives from ASEAN, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.

  • Thailands Automotive Industry

    5 Source: Thailand Automotive Institute, April 2014.

    Pure Thai

    23 %

    SMEs

    Foreign J/V

    Local Suppliers

    Tier 1

    LSEs

    (Total 648 Companies)

    [* LSEs : Large Scale Enterprises SMEs : Small & Medium Enterprises]

    (Car 17 Companies, Motorcycle 7 Companies)

    Assembler

    (1,700 Companies)

    Tier 2,3

    Foreign Majority

    47 %.

    Thai Majority

    30 %

  • Thailands Automotive Industry

    6

    Thailands Automotive Industry Growth, 1996 - 2013

    Source: Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI) April 2014.

    556 359

    143 321

    406 455 564

    751

    960 1,125 1,194

    1,301 1,392

    999

    1,645 1,458

    2,454 2,456

    0

    500

    1,000

    1,500

    2,000

    2,500

    96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13

    (thousand) Domestic sales Export Production

    Note: Including passenger car, pick up 1 ton, van, bus, truck . Excluding motorcycle.

  • Thailands Automotive Industry

    7

    Import Export of Thailands Automotive Industry

    Source: Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI), April 2014.

  • Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand

    8

    Automotive Technology Roadmap for Thailand

    Source: Study of Technology Road Map for Thailands Automotive Industry by MTEC, NSTDA & TAI in 2010 Photo: Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI), Ministry of Industry (2012) Master Plan for Automotive Industry 2012 2016.

  • 9

    We have trained them (Thai people) to produce the cars and now the locally made cars are being exported around the world. The fact that customers in so many

    countries are continually buying these cars shows that Thai work quality is excellent. Toyota understands that the potential of the Thai people is very high. In the future

    looking beyond production to R&D, there may be the chance that our Thai employees will design the cars as well as produce them.

    - Mr. Kyoichi Tanada -

    President of Toyota Motor Thailand and President of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce in Bangkok

    Source: BOI (2012) Thailands Automotive Industry.

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand Toward Production & R&D Base

  • 10

    1991 ISUZU Technical Center of Asia

    1995 THAI SUMMIT R&D Next Technology Co., Ltd.

    1997 HONDA R&D Southeast Asia Co., Ltd. (Motorcycle and multi purpose engine)

    2003 TOYOTA Technical Center Asia Pacific Co.,Ltd.

    2007 change to TOYOTA Motor Asia Pacific Engineering and Manufacturing Co.,Ltd.

    2005 HONDA R&D Asia Pacific (Automobiles)

    2007 DENSO International Asia Co.Ltd.

    2008 NISSAN Technical Center South East Asia

    Types

    OEM

    1st Tier

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand R&D and Technical Centers in Thailand

  • 11

    Master Plan for Automotive Industry 2012-2016

    Source: Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI), Ministry of Industry (2012) Master Plan for Automotive Industry 2012 2016.

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand

  • 12

    According to Master Plan for Automotive Industry 2012 2016, Thailand will focus on excellence in research and development (R&D), and will step forward to be the leader in R&D

    in terms of research center of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015.

    - Mr. Vichai Jirathiyut - President of Thailand Automotive Institute

    Source: MCOT. New president of Thailand Automotive Institute (TAI) emphasized that Thailand will be number 1 for automotive production base [in Thai]. URL: http://www.mcot.net/site/content?id=5358bba9be0470d0a08b4579#.U1vCy_mSxQg. 24th April 2014.

    2555 2559

    () 2558

    - -

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand Thailand Automotive Institute

  • 13

    OEM and 1st Tier

    Strictly requirement on the pollution and safety standard and regulation

    Customer demand on fuel-efficient vehicle

    2nd Tier and SME

    Lack of technological advancement

    Upgrading Thai local SMEs to be regional/ global suppliers

    Insufficient number of engineers/researchers/workforce

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand

  • 14 Source: BOI (2013) Eco cars: Modest or No Greenhouse Gasses, Industrial Focus, Thailand Investment Review, Dec 2013, Volume 23, No. 12 http://www.boi.go.th/tir/issue/201312_23_12/42.htm

    Challenge of Automotive R&D in Thailand Additional Right and Benefit of Eco-car Phase 2 Scheme

    Corporate Income Tax Exemption Note - Exempted tax shall not exceed the investment

    value of the project excluding cost of land and working capital

    - The investment plan or expenditures in developing Thai Auto-part suppliers and mold & die manufacturers must be approved by the BOI

    Normal incentive 6 years, regardless of zone Additional right and benefits Additional one more year shall be granted if the project invests or spends on development of Thai auto parts suppliers and mold & die manufacturers of not less than Bt500 million during the first five years of corporate income tax exemption period.

    Additional right and benefits Additional two more years shall be granted if the project invests or spends on development of Thai auto parts suppliers and mold & die manufacturers of not less than Bt800 million during the first five years of corporate income tax exemption period. Also import duty exemption on machinery is provided.

  • Role of Higher Education in Thailands Automotive Industry

    15

    Mechanical Engineering

    Automotive Engineering

    Automotive Engineering Program

    Most automotive engineering program based on mechanical engineering program.

    Available automotive programs in Thailand

    B.Eng. in Automotive Engineering Non-B.Eng. in Automotive Technology M.Eng. in Automotive Engineering

  • 16

    Production & Manufacturing

    Materials

    Structure, Body &

    Aerodynamics

    Electrical & Electronics

    Automation and Controls

    Vehicle Dynamics

    Comfort and Safety

    Economics

    Car Photo : http://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.html

    Subjects Required for Automotive Engineering Program

    Basic subjects on mechanical engineering.

    Incorporating elements of electrical, electronics, production, software and safety engineering.

    Specific subjects based on main component parts in automotive technology and innovation.

    Role of Higher Education in Thailands Automotive Industry

    http://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.htmlhttp://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.htmlhttp://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.htmlhttp://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.htmlhttp://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.htmlhttp://www.automotive-stock-images.com/sedan-cutaway-import.htmlhttp://www.a

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