Ch20 15th century art in northern europe and spain

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  • 1.Ch. 20 15 thCentury Art in Northern Europe and Spain

2. What isgoing on at this time?

  • France and Holland- 100 years war
  • 1337-1453
  • Flanders was a major city in Belgium
  • Centralized government in 12 thCentury European movement
  • Several Kings successfully consolidated authority

3.

  • Trading in Flanders / Bruges Economic and a strong important city
  • Oil Paint origin of use in Flanders
  • Moveable Type Germany
  • Northern art reflects time of the 15 thCentury piety and political power
  • Refined illuminated manuscripts

4. French Manuscript Illumination

  • 15 thcentury France
  • Refined manuscripts Artists looked to stained glass ( jewel like colors )
  • More pronounced characteristics/ illusion/ not flat
  • Development of Humanism

5. JANUARY - Book of Hours Les Tres Riches HeuresDuc de Berry-1413 By the Limbourg Brothers

  • Made for the Duke of Berry
  • Book of Hours are prayers you recite during certain parts of the day
  • 12 Months represented, seasonal tasks scenes of nobility and peasantry
  • New years eve dinner
  • Riches

6. Octoberfrom Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry 1416

  • Sower and harrower on horseback, washerwoman, in front of the Louvre
  • How are the peasants acting?
  • How is the Duke as a master?

7. Flemish Art

  • Duke of Berry Grandson- Philip the Good ruled a region knows as the Duchy of Burgundy Rich cities, industrial
  • Bruges wealth and industry
  • Dukes of Burgundy immense wealth over Northern France and Belgium
  • Great Schism over Rome back in power, more renewed interest in Religion and Art
  • Flemish society commissioned both public and personal devotional practices/ more pilgrimages

8. Well of Moses Sluter Dijon, France 1400ce

  • Creator died before completing the well
  • Did not sprout water, - church service needed silence for prayer
  • Fountain of everlasting life
  • Paint flaked off
  • Drapery folds, like jamb sculptures but more movement
  • Hornson Moses

9. Public Devotional Imagery Jan van Eyk

  • Altarpieces = backdrops for churches/ behind altar
  • Reenactment of taking the body and blood of Christ during church
  • Altar pieces relate to Christs sacrifice
  • Polyptych( hinged multi-paneled paintings)
  • Gives more room for narratives
  • Donors
  • Sculptures of Ghents patron Saints
  • Flemish town in window

10. Ghent Altarpiece- Jan van Eyk 1432 Queen of Heaven, Ghents patron Saints/ donors / God the Father in the center wearing a pope hat/One of the largest altar pieces of the 15 thcentury/ commisioned/ Fountain of Life/ Lamb( son), 12 apostles, Virgin Martyrs, Holy Confessors, hermits, temperance, pilgrims -temperance, Prudence(knights) 11. Types of Oil Paint created:

  • Deep colors, glazes, illusion of glowing light characterized Flemish painting

12. Van Der Weyden 1444 Last Judgement Triptych (Central Panel) Big Impact on Northern Ptgs, Fluid Dynamic Composition., Stressing action & Drama, Punishment, Devotion, Punishment - disease 13. Bouts- Last Supper - 1464

  • Vanishing point
  • Orthogonals(lines imagined to be behind and perpendicular to the picture plane
  • First panel depicting this event

14. Memling Virgin with Saints and Angels - 1479 15. Campin Merode Altarpiece 1425 16. 17. Jan van Eyck Man in Red Turban-1433 18. Rogier van der Weyden-1433 19. Bosch Garden of Earthly Delights 1500ce 20. French Fouquet Melun Diptych-1450

  • Pious Donor - Chevalier

21. German Madonna in the Rose Garden- Virgin Mary around a rose garden -Rosary 22. Graphic Arts

  • Letterpress German Invention
  • Printing in China known for centuries
  • Woodcuts
  • Intaglio- engraving, usinga tool or burning chemically
  • Printing press
  • Reaches a wider audience, cheaper than paintings or sculptures

23. Drawing on Metal

  • Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons Schongauer
  • Metal Engraving Intaglio
  • Saint caught with spikey demons,
  • Tones

24. Conclusion

  • Economic, social and religion changes effected Spanish and Northern art
  • Flanders Oil Paints, illusionism in manuscript illumination and the invention of the moveable type
  • Charles I son of Isabella of Spain united three major dynastic lines Habsburg, Burgundian and Spanish