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  • 1. INDIAS STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOMHow India became free onAugust 15, 1947 A Lipilekha PresentationbySubrata Das

2. MAP OF THE WORLDWhere on earth is India?A Lipilekha Presentation by 2Subrata Das 3. WHY DO WE CARE Free India, as the worlds largest democracy,plays an important role in the world Free India provided opportunities for you/yourparents/grandparents to come abroad Otherwise, you would probably be living in Indiaunder British colonial rule, not here in the USA You owe a lot to people who sacrificed their livesin the past so you could live free today A Lipilekha Presentation by 3 Subrata Das 4. Prominent Names Gandhi Subhas Bose NehruA Lipilekha Presentation by 4Subrata Das 5. HOMAGE TO PEOPLE BEHINDINDIAS FREEDOM Early Freedom Fighters, such as:Mangal Pandey in 1857 Sepoy MutinyLakshmi Bai, Rani of Jhansi in 1858 Prominent Leaders, such as:Mohandas Karamchand GandhiJawarhalal NehruNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose Many ordinary Indians, who sacrificed their livesand careers so we could live free today A Lipilekha Presentation by5 Subrata Das 6. HOMAGE TO PEOPLE BEHINDINDIAS FREEDOM Early Freedom Fighters, such as:Mangal Pandey in 1857 Sepoy MutinyLakshmi Bai, Rani of Jhansi in 1858 Prominent Leaders, such as:Mohandas Karamchand GandhiJawarhalal NehruNetaji Subhas Chandra Bose Many extraordinary Indians, who sacrificedtheir lives and careers so we could live freetoday A Lipilekha Presentation by6 Subrata Das 7. STRUGGLE UNDER TWO PERIODS OF BRITISH RULE British East India Company: 1757-1858Battle of Plassey: 6/23/1757, Palashi, West Bengal, 90miles north of Kolkata. British, under Robert Clive, vs.Siraj-Ud-Daulah, Nawab of Bengal. Vastly outnumbered,British bribed deposed army chief Mir Jafar who betrayedthe Nawab by not allowing his troops to fightIsolated resistance to British rule: 1757-1857Sepoy Mutiny, 1857: started by Mangal PandeyLast big battle, 1858: Lakshmi Bai, Rani of Jhansi British Government: 1858-1947Queen Victoria, Empress of India, 1876-1901A succession of Viceroys or Governor-Generals A Lipilekha Presentation by 7 Subrata Das 8. STRUGGLE UNDER BRITISH RULE 1858-1947 Inspiration for Freedom: Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo,Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Rabindra Nath Tagore, DadabhaiNaoroji, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai,Chitta Ranjan Das, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Raja Ram MohanRoy, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan, Bhagat Singh, Bagha Jatin,Khudiram Bose, Surya Sen, Benoy-Badal-Dinesh Formation of Formation of Indian National Congress, 1885 Outrage at Viceroy Curzons order to partition Bengal, 1905 Formation of Muslim League, 1906: Jinnah left INC & joined MLafter disagreements with Gandhi; called for division of India, 1940. Emperor George Vs visit to India, 1911, announcing reversal of theBengal partition and transferring the capital from Kolkata to NewDelhi World War I, 1914-1918: India helped Englands war efforts A Lipilekha Presentation by 8 Subrata Das 9. STRUGGLE UNDER BRITISH RULE 1858-1947 (continued) Rowlatt Act: Jallianwala Bagh Massacre 4/13/1919, soldiers fired onthousands of unarmed men, women and children, killing andwounding many Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi: work in S. Africa, work in India1915-1948, Satyagraha (devotion to truth)(non-violent civildisobedience for freedom), 241-mile Salt March in 24 days to protestsalt tax 1930, Quit India call in 1932, numerous prison terms andprotest fasts, assassinated on 1/30/1948. Jawarhalal Nehru: president of INCs Lahore session 1929,resolution for complete independence from Britain World War II: 1939-1945, Indias entry by Britain despite protests Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: INC president 1937, 1939, Azad HindMovement, house arrest, escape 1/7/1941, help from abroad, IndianNational Army, death under controversial circumstances A Lipilekha Presentation by 9 Subrata Das 10. GANDHIJIS SALT MARCH A Lipilekha Presentation by 10 Subrata Das 11. INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY 1943 A Lipilekha Presentation by 11 Subrata Das 12. (EXTRA)ORDINARY FREEDOMFIGHTERS Freedom fighters suffered and sacrificed Examples I know: My parents both suffered jail terms One of many incidents: Defying police ban, my father started to deliver a speech in a meeting in Midnapore on 3/4/1932, supporting Gandhis call for non-cooperation Police beat him severely on the meeting ground and jailed him My mother visited him in jail and wept to see the welt marks on his back She was found guilty for this visit and was jailed as well I.I.T., Kharagpur stands at the location of the Hijli jailwhere both Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and my fatherwere jailed once at the same time A Lipilekha Presentation by 12 Subrata Das 13. INDEPENDENCE, 8/15/1947 Mountbatten, Indias Governor-General, announcedpartition, 6/3/1947 Independent Pakistan, 8/14/1947 Independent India, 8/15/1947 Jawarhalal Nehru, Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Deputy Prime Minister (Mountbatten 1947-1948), Rajagopalachari, Governor-General Violent clashes between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs Millions of refugees Republic of India, 1/26/1950 Rajendra Prasad, President of IndiaA Lipilekha Presentation by 13Subrata Das 14. PARTITION OF INDIA A Lipilekha Presentation by 14 Subrata Das 15. TRANSFER OF POWER 8/15/1947 A Lipilekha Presentation by 15 Subrata Das 16. REFUGEE TRAIN A Lipilekha Presentation by 16 Subrata Das 17. MOUNTBATTEN SALUTINGINDIAN FLAGA Lipilekha Presentation by 17Subrata Das 18. Jai Hind Shortcut to IndiaFree1947.mp4.lnkA Lipilekha Presentation by18Subrata Das