CCO in Context: bibliographical & archival standards

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CCO in Context: bibliographical & archival standards. CCO Boot Camp ALA, New Orleans, June 2006 Sherman Clarke New York University Libraries some conceptual differences & terminology. what are you cataloging? AACR2 0.24 cardinal principle - the item in hand - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • CCO in Context:bibliographical & archival standardsCCO Boot CampALA, New Orleans, June 2006

    Sherman ClarkeNew York University

  • some conceptual differences & terminologywhat are you cataloging?AACR2 0.24 cardinal principle - the item in handreproduction exception & versionscultural objects - the item in hand for museums, the representation of that object for visual resource collections

  • workFRBR Group 1 entities (work, expression, manifestation, item)cultural objectsthe work is what you are cataloging before you can catalog an image of itWork Type - broad classification

  • self-describingbooks, serials and other printed resourcesmapsvideos (container)not only self-describing but relatively permanent

  • Anglo-American cataloguing rules(AACR)continuation of practice, maturityrule bookdescription AND access: not separate nor equivalentdata content standardexpedites sharing of cataloging records / metadata

  • AACRorganization of rule book aids understanding and usegeneral chapter followed by format chapters and referencesaccess points

  • AACR vs CCOCCO covers things that AACR doesnt address, e.g., database structure, work and image, relationships (between works, with authorities)CCO is new though it builds on legacy

  • Resource description and access (RDA)arrangementpt. 1: resource descriptionpt. 2: relationshipspt. 3: access point control

  • MARCpour anything into MARC but AACR fits bestgrew up with AACR and its predecessorsdata structure standardexpedites mapping

  • AACR & MARCworking together and getting tangledMARC alone doesnt sufficesimilarly, VRA Core needed rule bookvoil, CCO

  • AACR & MARCheadings and attributesattributes embedded in MARC taggingAACR needs other documentationsubject headings: SCM:SH

  • AACR & MARCdata content and data structuredata values

  • AACR & LC/NAFAACR builds headingsMARC encodes headingsseparation of bib and authority records

  • AACR & LC/NAFAACR2/NAF heading = Motherwell, RobertULAN heading = Motherwell, Robert (American painter, 1915-1991)

  • Core 4 (XML) Motherwell, Robert (American painter, 1915-1991) Motherwell, Robert American 1915 1991 painter (artist)

  • Functional requirements for authority records(FRAR)built on need for headings, not how an authorized entity can be represented in different data structuresdoesnt solve my NAF/ULAN/Core-XML dilemma

  • AACR & LC/NAFmore significant use of authority informationsubject hierarchiesgeographic hierarchiescultural contextsubject context

  • NAF to SAFAACR-style used in SAFheadingsqualifiersbroader-term referencerelationship to topical subject headings

  • buildingsgenerally established in SAF unless considered corporate bodychurchespalazzi as venuesname change, historical subjects

  • other vocabulariesAACR/MARC world expects headingsAAT facetsnoun form for subject headingadjective for modifierULAN biographical and contextual qualifiers, not just the namequalifiers manifested as attributes in XML

  • mappingthesaurus to thesaurus in MARCawkwardloses hierarchy

  • AACR/MARC: beyond booksbookish orientation (works best for books)granularity expectation in opacopacs and indexes and finding aids and ...web browsers dont have such expectations

  • AACR/MARC: beyond booksrelation to other cataloging documentationformat guidelines (APPM, Betz, AMIM, CONSER manual, cartographic materials manual)SCM:SH

  • MARC AMC, APPM, DACSarchives and mss cataloging traditiondescriptionquasi-self-describingcloser to museum and VR than to booksfinding aid as beginning of access to collections, supplemented by interaction with archivistcollections vs groups (CCO pt. 1, IV)

  • Encoded Archival Description (EAD)hierarchygood for collections, not so effective for individual mss or objects, controlled archivally

  • Functional requirements for bibliographic records (FRBR)retrospective applicationprovides theoretical basis for revision of cataloging rulesassumes multiple iterations (work, expression, manifestation, item)

  • FRBR may be found at:

    FRBR in PDF: in HTML:

    IFLA Cataloguing Section FRBR Review Group

  • iterations & relationshipswork, expression, manifestation, itemrelationship of whole to wholeemphasis on WEMI rather than working together

  • FRVRR(pronounced fervor)visual resources needs are differentnot so much whole to wholework/part (altarpieces, built complexes, studies)work/view (VR catalogers are rarely cataloging the art work; CCO is mostly aimed at VR catalogers)

  • FRORobject records in museum contextfocus probably on accession unit

  • cataloging CULTURAL objectscontextgenreiconographyfunctioncurricular/educational

  • Wednesday, April 26The C Word: Is Contextualizing A Work of Art Essential to its Reception?

    Can a work of art stand on its own? Is knowing the historical, cultural, political, and social background of the artwork important to deepening understanding? Dramaturgs and educational leaders present highly different views on the subject.

    [from an email notice to New York Theatre Workshop subscribers, 22 April 2006]

  • FRBR tasksfindidentifyselectobtain

  • find & identifywho, what, where, whenwhat are you cataloging?AACR: item in handCCO: object in its context

  • FRBR & AACR/RDARDA more aware of FRBR theoriesRDA more based on separation of description and access, e.g., less cataloger intervention in basic description

  • sharing dreamsthesaural hierarchiesaka (Getty web interface combined with vocabularies)social tagging / community cataloging / folksonomiesSTEVE =

  • Further reading:Cataloguing cultural objects: new descriptive cataloguing guidelines for the cultural heritage community by Ann Baird Whiteside, Art documentation, v. 24, no. 2 (2005), p. 16-18Fundamental requirements for bibliographic records (FRBR): hype or cure-all? Edited by Patrick Le Boeuf. (Haworth Information Press, 2005) (also published as Cataloging & classification quarterly, v. 39, no. 3/4)The future of the descriptive cataloging rules. Edited by Brian E.C. Schottlaender. (ALA, 1998)serials perspective by Crystal GrahamArchival description and new paradigms by Steven Hensen

  • Sites/projects discussedVRA Core 4 (beta) vocabularies

  • the final version of this presentation may be found at


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