ccna 3 v3.0 module 9 vlan trunking protocol

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1 © 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN Trunking Protocol Cisco Networking Academy

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CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN Trunking Protocol. Cisco Networking Academy. Objectives. Trunking VTP Inter-VLAN routing. Trunking Concepts. Trunking links between switches allow for the sharing of VLAN information. Frame Filtering. Frame Tagging. VLANs and Trunking. “Multi-colored link”. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

1© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9VLAN Trunking Protocol

Cisco Networking Academy

Page 2: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

222© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Objectives

• Trunking

• VTP

• Inter-VLAN routing

Page 3: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

333© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Trunking Concepts

Trunking links between switches allow for the sharing of VLAN information.

Page 4: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

444© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Frame Filtering

Page 5: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

555© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Frame Tagging

Page 6: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

666© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VLANs and Trunking

“Multi-colored link”

Page 7: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

777© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Inter-Switch Link Protocol – Cisco

Page 8: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

888© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Frame Tagging and Encapsulation Methods

Cisco

IEEE

Page 9: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

999© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)

The role of VTP is to maintain VLAN configuration consistency across a common network administration domain.

Page 10: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

101010© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VTP Mode Comparison

A transparent switch will not modify its database when updates are received, nor will the switch send out an update indicating a change in its VLAN status.

Except for forwarding VTP advertisements, VTP is disabled on a transparent switch.

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111111© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VTP Operation

Page 12: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

121212© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VTP Implementation

• There are two types of VTP advertisements:1. Requests from clients that want information at

bootup

2. Responses from servers

• There are three types of VTP messages:1. Advertisement requests

2. Summary advertisements

3. Subset advertisements

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131313© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VTP and Trunk Links

• VTP messages are encapsulated in either ISL or IEEE 802.1Q protocol frames, and passed across trunk links to other devices.

Page 14: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

141414© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VTP Basic Configuration Steps

1. Determine the version number

2. Choose the domain

3. Choose the VTP mode

• Server or Client or Transparent

• Default is Server

4. Password protect the domain

Page 15: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

151515© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

VTP Server vs. VTP Client

• VLANs can only be created or deleted on a VTP Server switch.

• VTP Client switches cannot create or delete VLANs.

– However, VTP Clients can update VTP Servers if they have a higher revision number

• Transparent Switches can add and delete VLANs but this information is not passed to the other switches in the VTP Domain.

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161616© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Inter-VLAN Routing

Page 17: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

171717© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Inter-VLAN Issues and Solutions

Two of the most common issues that arise in a multiple-VLAN environment are as follows:

1. The need for end-user devices to reach nonlocal hosts

2. The need for hosts on different VLANs to communicate

Page 18: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

181818© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

“Router-on-a-Stick”

I’m like a lollipop!

Page 19: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

191919© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Physical and Logical Interfaces

IEEE 802.1q is more common

Page 20: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

202020© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Dividing Physical Interfaces into Subinterfaces

Page 21: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

212121© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Configuring Inter-VLAN Routing

Page 22: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

222222© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Two Options for Inter-VLAN Routing

If "native" command is NOT supported:

interface Fastethernet0/0

description Dot1q Trunk to Switch-2950

ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

speed 100

full-duplex

!

interface Fastethernet0/0.10

encapsulation dot1q 10

ip address 10.1.10.1 255.255.255.0

!

interface Fastethernet0/0.20

encapsulation dot1q 20

ip address 10.1.20.1 255.255.255.0

If "native" command IS supported:

interface Fastethernet0/0

description Dot1q Trunk to Switch-2950

no ip address

speed 100

full-duplex

!

interface Fastethernet0/0.1

encapsulation dot1q 1 native

ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

!

interface Fastethernet0/0.10

encapsulation dot1q 10

ip address 10.1.10.1 255.255.255.0

!

interface Fastethernet0/0.20

encapsulation dot1q 20

ip address 10.1.20.1 255.255.255.0

Page 23: CCNA 3 v3.0 Module 9 VLAN  Trunking Protocol

232323© 2003, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

The ‘native’ Command

• The ‘encapsulation dot1Q 1 native’ command was added in Cisco IOS version 12.1(3)T.

• If you are using an earlier version of Cisco IOS, refer to the 802.1Q configuration on the previous slide.

• The minimum IOS release required to support 802.1Q trunking on a 2620 or 2621 router is 12.0(1)T.

• The native VLAN is used for untagged traffic when the port is in 802.1Q trunking mode.

–While configuring 802.1Q trunking, it is very important to keep in mind that the native VLAN must be configured the same on each side of the trunk link.