CBC (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF - (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF The CBC, also known as a Complete Blood Count, is a test that provides information about certain cells in the blood.

Download CBC (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF -   (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF The CBC, also known as a Complete Blood Count, is a test that provides information about certain cells in the blood.

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  • CBC(COMPLETEBLOODCOUNT)WITHDIFF

    TheCBC,alsoknownasaCompleteBloodCount,isatestthatprovidesinformationaboutcertaincellsintheblood.Itisaverycommonandimportanttestthatisfrequentlyorderedbyaphysiciantocheckapatientsgeneralhealthstatus.

    TheCBCisapaneloftestswhichincludes:

    WBC(WhiteBlood(Leukocyte)CellCount)acountoftheactualnumberofwhitebloodcellspervolumeofblood.Whitebloodcellsprotectthebodyagainstinfectionandtheirnumberscanquicklyincreasewhenapersonhasabacterialinfection.Bothincreasesanddecreasescanbesignificant.WBCtypesinclude:Neutrophils,Bands(youngneutrophils),Lymphocytes,Monocytes,Eosinophils,andBasophils.

    RBC(RedBloodCellCount)acountoftheactualnumberofredbloodcellspervolumeofblood.IftheRBCcountislow,thebodymaynotbegettingtheoxygenitneeds.IftheRBCcountistoohigh(polycythemia)itmaycausethickeningoftheblood,whichcouldincreasetheriskforbloodclots.Hemoglobinmeasurestheamountofoxygencarryingproteinintheblood.Hemoglobiniswhatgivesblooditsredcolor.

    Hematocritisthepercentageofredbloodcellsintheblood.Forexample,ahematocritof36meansthat36%oftheblood'svolumeismadeofredbloodcells.Hematocritandhemoglobinvaluescanshowifanemiaorpolycythemiaispresent.

    MCV(MeanCorpuscularVolume)indicatessizeofredbloodcell,MCH(MeanCorpuscularHemoglobin)indicatesamountofhemoglobininanaverageredbloodcell,MCHC(Meancorpuscularhemoglobinconcentration)measurestheconcentrationofhemoglobininaredbloodcell.MCV,MCH,andMCHCallhelpindiagnosingdifferenttypesofanemia.RDW(RedcellDistributionWidth)canbemeasuredwhichshowsifthecellsareallthesameordifferentsizesorshapes.

    PlateletCountTheplatelet(thrombocyte)countisthenumberofplateletsinagivenvolumeofblood.Plateletsareimportantinbloodclotting.Iftherearetoofewplatelets,uncontrolledbleedingmaybeaproblem.Iftherearetoomany,thereisachanceofabloodclotforminginabloodvessel.

    AbouttheDifferential(Diff)sectionofyourCBC:

    TheDifferentialistheidentificationofthe5differentWhitebloodcelltypesthatarepresentinyourblood,andinwhatamounts.ThisisusuallycompletedbyahighlysophisticatedHematologyinstrument.Theseinstrumentscanhavecomplexmeasuringsystemstoaccuratelyindentifywhatwhitebloodcelltypesarepresent.Ifthereisanythingoutoftheordinary,theinstrumentwillindicatethatfurtherinvestigationisneeded.Ifthishappens,thedifferentialwillbecompletedmanually.Thisrequiresthatabloodsmear(slidepreparation)ismade.Adropofbloodisspreadonaglassslideandspecialdyesareusedtostainthecells.ItisthenreviewedunderamicroscopebyatrainedMedicalTechnologistwhoevaluatesthecells.

    TheWBC,RBCandPlateletcellnumbers,sizes,andshapesareevaluatedandrecorded.Thisevaluationcanhelpdiagnosemanyblooddiseaseslikeleukemia,malariaorsicklecelldisease.

    Partsofyourdifferentialarereportedinbothpercentandabsolutevalues.

    PERCENTAGE:100cellsarecountedandthenumberofeachtypeofwhitebloodcellpresentisexpressedasapercentage.Example:20lymphocytespresentin100cells=20%.

    ABSOLUTE:Quantifiestherealnumberofaspecificcelltypeinthousandspercubicmilliliter.Example:WBCcountis10,000percubicmilliliterandthedifferentialshows20%ofthecellsarelymphocytes.Theabsolutelymphocytecountwillbe2,000.

    Yourdoctorwillusetheabsolutenumberandthepercentagestoevaluateyourcondition.

  • WhatshouldIdowithmyresults?

    Itisalwaysrecommendedthatyoumeetwithadoctortodeterminewhatyourlaboratorytestresultsmeantoyou.Yourdoctorwillreviewallofyourtestresultsand,combinedwithyourhealthhistory,heorshewillbeabletoprovideanaccuratepictureofyourhealthstatus.

    Ifanyofyourresultswereabnormaloroutofrange:Manyconditionswillresultinincreasesordecreasesinthecellpopulations.Someoftheseconditionsmayrequiretreatment,whileotherswillresolveontheirown.TheCBCtestmaybeorderedbythedoctoronaregularbasistomonitortheseconditionsanddrugtreatments.Aswithanyabnormalresults,itsimportantthatyoudiscusstheirimplicationswithyourphysician.

    Ifyourresultswerewithinnormalrange:Ifallofyourresultsarewithinthenormalrange,youshouldconsultwithyourphysicianabouttheneedandfrequencyoffurtherCBCtesting.Yourphysicianisbestsuitedtoadviseyouonatimetableforallscreeningtests.

    WhenyourdifferentialresultsfallintothenormalrangetheyareNOTtypicallyassociatedwithinflammatorydisorders,anemia,viralinfection,bacterialinfection,orothermedicalconditions.Becauseeachtypeofwhitebloodcellhasitsownroleinthebodysdefenseagainstinfectionandinjury,yourCBCanddifferentiallevelsarebestinterpretedinthecontextofotherresultsofyourCBC(completebloodcount).

    Itisalwaysimportanttodiscussyourresultswithyourphysician.

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