CBC (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF - (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF The CBC, also known as a Complete Blood Count, is a test that provides information about certain cells in the blood

Download CBC (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF -   (COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT) WITH DIFF The CBC, also known as a Complete Blood Count, is a test that provides information about certain cells in the blood

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<ul><li><p>CBC(COMPLETEBLOODCOUNT)WITHDIFF</p><p>TheCBC,alsoknownasaCompleteBloodCount,isatestthatprovidesinformationaboutcertaincellsintheblood.Itisaverycommonandimportanttestthatisfrequentlyorderedbyaphysiciantocheckapatientsgeneralhealthstatus.</p><p>TheCBCisapaneloftestswhichincludes:</p><p>WBC(WhiteBlood(Leukocyte)CellCount)acountoftheactualnumberofwhitebloodcellspervolumeofblood.Whitebloodcellsprotectthebodyagainstinfectionandtheirnumberscanquicklyincreasewhenapersonhasabacterialinfection.Bothincreasesanddecreasescanbesignificant.WBCtypesinclude:Neutrophils,Bands(youngneutrophils),Lymphocytes,Monocytes,Eosinophils,andBasophils.</p><p>RBC(RedBloodCellCount)acountoftheactualnumberofredbloodcellspervolumeofblood.IftheRBCcountislow,thebodymaynotbegettingtheoxygenitneeds.IftheRBCcountistoohigh(polycythemia)itmaycausethickeningoftheblood,whichcouldincreasetheriskforbloodclots.Hemoglobinmeasurestheamountofoxygencarryingproteinintheblood.Hemoglobiniswhatgivesblooditsredcolor.</p><p>Hematocritisthepercentageofredbloodcellsintheblood.Forexample,ahematocritof36meansthat36%oftheblood'svolumeismadeofredbloodcells.Hematocritandhemoglobinvaluescanshowifanemiaorpolycythemiaispresent.</p><p>MCV(MeanCorpuscularVolume)indicatessizeofredbloodcell,MCH(MeanCorpuscularHemoglobin)indicatesamountofhemoglobininanaverageredbloodcell,MCHC(Meancorpuscularhemoglobinconcentration)measurestheconcentrationofhemoglobininaredbloodcell.MCV,MCH,andMCHCallhelpindiagnosingdifferenttypesofanemia.RDW(RedcellDistributionWidth)canbemeasuredwhichshowsifthecellsareallthesameordifferentsizesorshapes.</p><p>PlateletCountTheplatelet(thrombocyte)countisthenumberofplateletsinagivenvolumeofblood.Plateletsareimportantinbloodclotting.Iftherearetoofewplatelets,uncontrolledbleedingmaybeaproblem.Iftherearetoomany,thereisachanceofabloodclotforminginabloodvessel.</p><p>AbouttheDifferential(Diff)sectionofyourCBC:</p><p>TheDifferentialistheidentificationofthe5differentWhitebloodcelltypesthatarepresentinyourblood,andinwhatamounts.ThisisusuallycompletedbyahighlysophisticatedHematologyinstrument.Theseinstrumentscanhavecomplexmeasuringsystemstoaccuratelyindentifywhatwhitebloodcelltypesarepresent.Ifthereisanythingoutoftheordinary,theinstrumentwillindicatethatfurtherinvestigationisneeded.Ifthishappens,thedifferentialwillbecompletedmanually.Thisrequiresthatabloodsmear(slidepreparation)ismade.Adropofbloodisspreadonaglassslideandspecialdyesareusedtostainthecells.ItisthenreviewedunderamicroscopebyatrainedMedicalTechnologistwhoevaluatesthecells.</p><p>TheWBC,RBCandPlateletcellnumbers,sizes,andshapesareevaluatedandrecorded.Thisevaluationcanhelpdiagnosemanyblooddiseaseslikeleukemia,malariaorsicklecelldisease.</p><p>Partsofyourdifferentialarereportedinbothpercentandabsolutevalues.</p><p>PERCENTAGE:100cellsarecountedandthenumberofeachtypeofwhitebloodcellpresentisexpressedasapercentage.Example:20lymphocytespresentin100cells=20%.</p><p>ABSOLUTE:Quantifiestherealnumberofaspecificcelltypeinthousandspercubicmilliliter.Example:WBCcountis10,000percubicmilliliterandthedifferentialshows20%ofthecellsarelymphocytes.Theabsolutelymphocytecountwillbe2,000.</p><p>Yourdoctorwillusetheabsolutenumberandthepercentagestoevaluateyourcondition.</p></li><li><p>WhatshouldIdowithmyresults?</p><p>Itisalwaysrecommendedthatyoumeetwithadoctortodeterminewhatyourlaboratorytestresultsmeantoyou.Yourdoctorwillreviewallofyourtestresultsand,combinedwithyourhealthhistory,heorshewillbeabletoprovideanaccuratepictureofyourhealthstatus.</p><p>Ifanyofyourresultswereabnormaloroutofrange:Manyconditionswillresultinincreasesordecreasesinthecellpopulations.Someoftheseconditionsmayrequiretreatment,whileotherswillresolveontheirown.TheCBCtestmaybeorderedbythedoctoronaregularbasistomonitortheseconditionsanddrugtreatments.Aswithanyabnormalresults,itsimportantthatyoudiscusstheirimplicationswithyourphysician.</p><p>Ifyourresultswerewithinnormalrange:Ifallofyourresultsarewithinthenormalrange,youshouldconsultwithyourphysicianabouttheneedandfrequencyoffurtherCBCtesting.Yourphysicianisbestsuitedtoadviseyouonatimetableforallscreeningtests.</p><p>WhenyourdifferentialresultsfallintothenormalrangetheyareNOTtypicallyassociatedwithinflammatorydisorders,anemia,viralinfection,bacterialinfection,orothermedicalconditions.Becauseeachtypeofwhitebloodcellhasitsownroleinthebodysdefenseagainstinfectionandinjury,yourCBCanddifferentiallevelsarebestinterpretedinthecontextofotherresultsofyourCBC(completebloodcount).</p><p>Itisalwaysimportanttodiscussyourresultswithyourphysician.</p></li></ul>