cattle breeds

Download Cattle breeds

Post on 07-Aug-2015

67 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  1. 1. CATTLE BREEDS OF PAKISTANCATTLE BREEDS OF PAKISTAN Dr. Sajid UmarDr. Sajid Umar LecturerLecturer Department of PathologyDepartment of Pathology Faculty of Vet.& Animal SciencesFaculty of Vet.& Animal Sciences PMAS, Arid Agriculture University RawalpindiPMAS, Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi
  2. 2. CATTLE BREEDS OFCATTLE BREEDS OF PAKISTANPAKISTAN Family:Family: Bovidae.Bovidae. Bos taraus:Bos taraus: European ( non-humped)European ( non-humped) Bos indicus: ZebuBos indicus: Zebu (humped)(humped) Three main Types:Three main Types: A). Milch (B). Draught (C). Dual purposeA). Milch (B). Draught (C). Dual purpose
  3. 3. Types of cattle breeds in PakistanTypes of cattle breeds in Pakistan Milch breedsMilch breeds Draught breedsDraught breeds i.i. Heavy draught breedsHeavy draught breeds ii.ii. Medium draught breedsMedium draught breeds iii.iii. Light draught breedsLight draught breeds Dual purpose breedsDual purpose breeds
  4. 4. A) MILCH BREEDSA) MILCH BREEDS
  5. 5. SAHIWAL CATTLESAHIWAL CATTLE Home Tract:Home Tract: Faisalabad, Okara, Kasur Sahiwal &Faisalabad, Okara, Kasur Sahiwal & Multan (Punjab).Multan (Punjab). Physical Characters:Physical Characters: Medium in size, fleshy bodyMedium in size, fleshy body Females reddish dun color, males haveFemales reddish dun color, males have darker color around orbit, neck &darker color around orbit, neck & hindquarter.hindquarter.
  6. 6. Males: stumpy horns, Females: generallyMales: stumpy horns, Females: generally poled.poled. Ears: Medium sized & dropping,Ears: Medium sized & dropping, Hump in males is massive but nominal inHump in males is massive but nominal in females. Switch of tail: black.females. Switch of tail: black. Milk yield; 1500-2200 liters with a 4.5%Milk yield; 1500-2200 liters with a 4.5% butterfat.butterfat. Body weight:Body weight: Males: 400-500KgMales: 400-500Kg Females: 300-350Kg.Females: 300-350Kg.
  7. 7. RED SINDHIRED SINDHI Home Tract:Home Tract: Karachi, Thata, Dadu, HyderabadKarachi, Thata, Dadu, Hyderabad (Sindh) & Lasbella (Baluchistan)(Sindh) & Lasbella (Baluchistan) Physical CharactersPhysical Characters:: Medium in size, compact bodyMedium in size, compact body Red color; Males: darker around shouldersRed color; Males: darker around shoulders Hindquarters are round & dropping &switch ofHindquarters are round & dropping &switch of tail black,tail black, Ears medium sized & dropping,Ears medium sized & dropping,
  8. 8. Hump in males well developed & earsHump in males well developed & ears are fine & small, dew lap sheath wellare fine & small, dew lap sheath well developed in males nominal in females.developed in males nominal in females. Milk yield: 1500-2000 liters with a 4.0%Milk yield: 1500-2000 liters with a 4.0% butterfat.butterfat. Body weight:Body weight: Males 425-525KgMales 425-525Kg Females 300-350Kg.Females 300-350Kg.
  9. 9. Cholistani cattleCholistani cattle Home tract: Cholistan tract (a desert area) and adjoining colonized areas of Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, and Rahimyar Khan districts Physical Characteristics: Large-sized flabby animals Horns are small. Ears are long. Hump is well-developed in males Dewlap is large both in male and female White coat with speckled red, brown or black all over the body including head Tail ends in black switch.
  10. 10. Udder is medium-sized with milk yield varyingUdder is medium-sized with milk yield varying from 1200 to 1800 litres /lactationfrom 1200 to 1800 litres /lactation Average body weight is 450 to 500 and 350 to 400Average body weight is 450 to 500 and 350 to 400 kg in male and female animals respectively.kg in male and female animals respectively. Males are a good source of beef and may be used asMales are a good source of beef and may be used as draught animalsdraught animals Tail ends in black switch.
  11. 11. B) DRAUGHTB) DRAUGHT BREEDSBREEDS
  12. 12. I) HEAVY DRAUGHTI) HEAVY DRAUGHT
  13. 13. BHAGNARIBHAGNARI Home TractHome Tract:: Territory ofTerritory of Nari riverNari river fromfrom Jaccobabad (Sindh) to Sibi (Baluchistan).Jaccobabad (Sindh) to Sibi (Baluchistan). Physical CharactersPhysical Characters:: Massive in sizeMassive in size Compact well-proportioned body & limbsCompact well-proportioned body & limbs Body colorBody color:: White or gray deepening toWhite or gray deepening to almost black on neck, shoulders & hump inalmost black on neck, shoulders & hump in mature malesmature males
  14. 14. Medium sized head with strong neck, smallMedium sized head with strong neck, small dewlap,dewlap, Small pointed ears, stumpy horns, mediumSmall pointed ears, stumpy horns, medium sized hump, straight back, wide muscular &sized hump, straight back, wide muscular & dropping hindquarter, and black tail switch.dropping hindquarter, and black tail switch. Low milk yielderLow milk yielder Body weight:Body weight: Males, 450-600KgMales, 450-600Kg Females, 325-425Kg.Females, 325-425Kg.
  15. 15. DAJALDAJAL Home TractHome Tract:: Dajal area in district DGDajal area in district DG Khan in Punjab.Khan in Punjab. Physical Characters:Physical Characters: Off shoot of theOff shoot of the Bhagnari, having similar features howeverBhagnari, having similar features however Dajal cattle are comparatively smaller inDajal cattle are comparatively smaller in size & lighter in color.size & lighter in color. Cows are low yielder and males are goodCows are low yielder and males are good for draught purpose.for draught purpose.
  16. 16. II)II) MEDIUM DRAUGHTMEDIUM DRAUGHT BREEDSBREEDS
  17. 17. DHANNIDHANNI Home TractHome Tract:: Attock, Rawalpindi,Attock, Rawalpindi, Chakwal & Jhelum (Punjab).Chakwal & Jhelum (Punjab). Physical CharactersPhysical Characters:: Medium sized withMedium sized with compact body and varying body color:compact body and varying body color: Head and ears are smallHead and ears are small Horns are stumpy,Horns are stumpy, Dewlap and hump are compactDewlap and hump are compact Low milk yielderLow milk yielder
  18. 18. 1) predominately white coat with black1) predominately white coat with black spots (Chitta Berga)spots (Chitta Berga) 2) predominately black coat with white2) predominately black coat with white spots (Kala Berga)spots (Kala Berga) 3) predominately red coat with white3) predominately red coat with white spots (Rutta Berga)spots (Rutta Berga) 4) ) white mottles with brown and black4) ) white mottles with brown and black patches (Nuqra)patches (Nuqra) Body weight:Body weight: Males 350-450Kg,Males 350-450Kg, Females, 270-330Kg.Females, 270-330Kg.
  19. 19. III) LIGHT DRAUGHTIII) LIGHT DRAUGHT BREEDSBREEDS
  20. 20. ROJHANROJHAN Home TractHome Tract:: DG Khan (Punjab) & DIDG Khan (Punjab) & DI Khan (NWFP).Khan (NWFP). Physical CharactersPhysical Characters:: Small sized withSmall sized with short stature,short stature, Body color is red and white spotted, shortBody color is red and white spotted, short pointed hornspointed horns Small ears, a short neck, well developedSmall ears, a short neck, well developed hump, extended dewlap, white tail switch,hump, extended dewlap, white tail switch, Small tucked up udder.Small tucked up udder.
  21. 21. Production Parameters: Low milkProduction Parameters: Low milk yielderyielder Body weight:Body weight: Males 300-350Kg,Males 300-350Kg, Females 230-280Kg.Females 230-280Kg.
  22. 22. LOHANILOHANI Home TractHome Tract:: Loarali (Baluchistan) &Loarali (Baluchistan) & Bannu, DI Khan (NWFP).Bannu, DI Khan (NWFP). Physical Characters:Physical Characters: Small sized with short stature.Small sized with short stature. Body color; red splashed with white spotsBody color; red splashed with white spots Short thick horns, small ears,Short thick horns, small ears, Short neck, well developed humpShort neck, well developed hump
  23. 23. Moderate dewlap, black tail switch, smallModerate dewlap, black tail switch, small tucked up udder.tucked up udder. Production Parameters:Production Parameters: Low milk yielder,Low milk yielder, Body weight:Body weight: Males 300-350Kg,Males 300-350Kg, Females 230-280KgFemales 230-280Kg..
  24. 24. C) DUAL PURPOSEC) DUAL PURPOSE BREEDSBREEDS
  25. 25. KANKREJKANKREJ Home TractHome Tract:: Tharparker & Badin in Sindh extending toTharparker & Badin in Sindh extending to Gujrat in India.Gujrat in India. Physical CharactersPhysical Characters:: Color; silver gray to a darker gray, MalesColor; silver gray to a darker gray, Males darker at the shoulders, hump anddarker at the shoulders, hump and hindquarters,hindquarters, Fore head broad and slightly concave in theFore head broad and slightly concave in the centercenter
  26. 26. Nose slightly up turned, ears large &Nose slightly up turned, ears large & pendulous and horns strong and lyre-pendulous and horns strong and lyre- shaped.shaped. Body weightBody weight:: Males 500-650Kg,Males 500-650Kg, Females 350-400KgFemales 350-400Kg
  27. 27. THARPARKER/THARITHARPARKER/THARI HomeTractHomeTract:: Tharparker (Sindh).Tharparker (Sindh). Physical CharactersPhysical Characters:: Medium sizedMedium sized animals with long tapering face,animals with long tapering face, Slightly convex fore head,Slightly convex fore head, Medium sized horns that curve upward andMedium sized horns that curve upward and out ward,out ward, Large, semi-pendulous ears,Large, semi-pendulous ears, Light gray color deepening on the fore andLight gray color deepening on the fore and hindquarters in maleshindquarters in males
  28. 28. Tail switch is black,Tail switch is black, Well-developed firm hump,Well-developed firm hump, Mediu