Case study bosnia

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Class presentation on Bosnia

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<ul><li>1.I. Early HistoryII. Conflict 1992 1995III.Post Conflict</li></ul> <p>2. History 3. Illyrians 1200BC Romans 229BC WAR 9BCRoman Empire 395AD 4. Roman Empire officially splits along Drina RiverROMAN BYZANTINEEMPIREEMPIRERomeConstantinople 5. Byzantine Empire (Christian Orthodox Church) Cyrillic AlphabetBOSNIA EASTRoman EmpireSERBIA(Roman Catholic Church)Latin AlphabetWEST 6. BOSNIA 7. Ottoman Empire1463AD -1878AD Kosovo Field Battle28.6.1389 Ottomans completely Ottomans overtake in 1463 BOSNIA Bosnians KARLOVAC TREATY REDEFINES BORDERS 1699Serbs KOSOVO 8. BerlinCongress1878OttomanEmpire Austria- Hungary 9. AUSTRIAHUNGARY1908 BOSNIAYugoSlavia??? Croatian Intellectuals 10. 1929 Yugoslav Kingdom SerbiaSloveniaKosovo CroatiaTRASHMontenegro Vojvodina BosniaMacedonia 11. ALLIES EndTito &amp; Partisansof WWII SFRJ 12. Dissolution of SFRJ 1990-1991SloveniaCroatia SerbiaSFRJBosnia 13. 1974 decentralization of SFRJ; 4th May 1980, Tito died at the age of 88 inLjubljana, Slovenia; 28th February 1st March Bosnia holdsreferendum; Bosnian Serb boycott, Serb militiasurrounds Sarajevo; 6th April 1992 recognized by EuropeanCommission; 14. 1992 Prijedor: Testing ground for ethnic cleansing; Croats attack Herzegovina1993 Serbs capture a UN Convoy and kill Bosnias Prime Minister; Vance-Owen 15-16 May peace plan fails; ICTY formally established by resolution 827;1994 Siege of Sarajevo ends in February; Washington Peace Agreement between Bosniak and Croat forceswas signed;199514th December Dayton Peace Agreement signed ending thewar; 15. Bosnia: Omarska, Keraterm, Manjaca,Trnopolje; Herzegovina: Heliodrom, Dretelj, Gabela, Vojno and unje; 16. 1993 Naser Oric, Muslimguerilla commanderovertakes a Serb city andcommits atrocities; January 1995 UN Dutchbattalion arrives inSrebrenica and declares ita UN protected zone; 8,000 Bosniak men killed; 1948 UN Convention onGenocide: Article 2; 17. Estimated 20,000 50,000Bosnian women wereraped; Rape was systematic andaimed at tainting anddiscontinuing birth withinthe ethnic group; Girls as young as 12 werevictims; Slavenka Drakulic wrote abook S, made into amovie As if I am not there 18. Islamist volunteers or missionaries arrived in Bosnia during the war, not just tofight for the Muslims against the Serbs and Croats, but to propagate afundamentalist version of Islam to the secular or moderately religious nativeBosnian Muslims;mujahedin did attract converts from a minority of local Bosnian Muslims; it wasboth the foreigners and their local recruits who spearheaded attacks on non-Muslim - primarily Croat - civilians, churches and government offices andindividuals in the years following Dayton; Foreign mujahedin failed to attract any Bosnian Muslims to the global jihad, butthey succeeded at times in catalyzing locals to resist the reconstruction ofmultinational coexistence in Bosnia; Foreign mujahedin who engaged in these crimes appear to have been quitecontent with their modest purposes; Esad Hecimovics Garibs: The Mujahedin in Bosnia-Hercegovina, 1992-1999 19. The Tribunal has contributed to an indisputable historical record,combating denial and helping communities come to terms withtheir recent history. Crimes across the region can no longer bedenied. For example, it has been proven beyond reasonable doubtthat the mass murder at Srebrenica was genocide; Judges have also ruled that rape was used by members of theBosnian Serb armed forces as an instrument of terror, and thejudges in the Kvoka et al. trial established that a hellish orgy ofpersecution occurred in the Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopoljecamps of northwestern Bosnia; ICTY has charged over 160 persons; 20. Republika Srpska and Bosnia Herzegovina, independent Brcko internationally supervised; 3 seat presidency, rotating every 8 months; Zelko KOMSIC, BAKIRIZETBEGOVIC, NEBOJSA RADMANOVIC; Elections held every 4 years; President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zivko BUDIMIR,Vice Presidents Spomenka MICIC, Mirsad KEBO; President of theRepublika Srpska: Milorad DODIK; Parliamentary Assembly: House of Peoples (15 seats, 5 Bosniak, 5 Croat,5 Serb)and the state-level House of Representatives 42 seats, 28 seats); Foreign Minister Sven Alkalaj 21. Military intervention; Presence of peacekeepers; Returning refugees; Haag tribunals; Svetozar Marovic 2003 issuesa public apology; No Truth and reconciliationCommission; ICJ decision Bosnia not agenocide; 22. Local communities; Redirecting blame; Perpetrators free inBosnia; Belgrade protest toKaradzic arrest; Darko Trifunovic at theICT Conference at IDCHerzeliya 2011; 23. QUESTIONS? </p>

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