CANTERBURY TALES ENG 273: World Literature. History Written by Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400) “Father of English Literature” Written in Middle English Established.

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Canterbury TalesCanterbury TalesENG 273: World LiteratureHistoryWritten by Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400)Father of English LiteratureWritten in Middle EnglishEstablished Vernacular as a Legitimate Language for WritingPreviously Latin, FrenchDepicts Medieval English SocietySocial StratificationChristianityIncluding CorruptionCanterburyPilgrimage was very important during the Middle AgesRome, JerusalemDisplay of faith (and a vacation)Canterbury was a popular destination for the English because it was nearbyThe location includes a shrine to Saint Thomas Becket Archbishop of CanterburyMurdered in the cathedral in 1170 due to conflict with King Henry IICanonized as a Saint by the PopeThree EstatesNobilityRepresented by the MilitaryClergyLaborersThe Canterbury Tales is an estates satireAttempts to highlight the negative aspects of the social system with humorChanges in the English LanguageOld EnglishBeowulfhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ooj25_j3k1EMiddle EnglishThe Canterbury Taleshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahuT-JwxIa8Elizabethan EnglishShakespeareModern EnglishPlot29 Pilgrims are on their way to Canterbury in AprilThe meet at the Tabard Inn in Southwark, EnglandThe Narrator joins themHe describes each oneThe Host suggests a storytelling contest on the way to and from CanterburyEach Pilgrim will tell two stories each wayThe winner would receive a meal paid for by the rest of the group when they get backThe Host agrees to go along to judge the contestPlot ContinuedPrologueIntroduces the idea of the pilgrimageIntroduces the NarratorIntroduces each of the charactersIntroduces the storytelling contestIndividual StoriesPrologueGives more information about the characterStoryMany different forms, messages, etc.There are 24 stories total the work is unfinishedCharactersNarrator (Chaucer?)Introduces the other characters in order of social status (Nobility, Clergy, Laborer)KnightHis Son the SquireYeomanPrioress (Madame Eglantine)Nun and PriestMonkFriar (Hubert)Friars are beggarsCharacters ContinuedMerchantOxford StudentMan of LawFranklinFive GuildsmenHaberdasher, Carpenter, Weaver, Dyer, Tapestry-MakerCookSkipperPhysicianWife of BathCharacters ContinuedParsonPlowman (Parsons Brother)MillerMancipleIn charge of the purchase and storage of food at places like universities or monasteriesReeveChief Magistrate in an areaSummonerDelivers charges to people who were accused of wrongdoing by the churchPardonerSells IndulgencesTavern Host (Harry Bailly)Key ThemesSignificance of Courtly LoveChristian Ideals versus Worldly ValuesCorruption in ChristianitySocial Roles in Medieval EnglandTension between how the character should fulfill his/her social role and how he/she behavesHow Physical Description Reveals Character TraitsDuty of Pilgrimage versus Pleasure of Story TellingDestination versus Journey

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