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Canadian Society and Culture:. Times of Change I remember! His name is Paul Anka !. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TY4uxdAt4-M. Massey Commission. Formed in 1951 Goal: investigate the state of Canadian culture Results: suggested that Canadian culture needed protection from US influence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Canadian Society and Culture:Times of ChangeI remember! His name is Paul Anka!http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TY4uxdAt4-M

  • Massey CommissionFormed in 1951

    Goal: investigate the state of Canadian culture

    Results: suggested that Canadian culture needed protection from US influenceStrengthen National Film BoardFund universities and the artsEstablish Canada Council for the ArtsAwarded grants to writers, artists, and theatersCBC put in charge of development of Canadian television1952 opened first two stations in Toronto and MontrealBy 1960, 90% of Canadian homes had a TV and access to the CBC

  • CRTCCanadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission established in 1968

    Regulates foreign content in Canadian media

  • Each of these measures encouraged the growthof the arts and culture in Canada

  • Newcomers to CanadaSince 1905, Canadas immigration policy was quite restrictive, wanting only people of British or European originAfter WW II, millions of displaced persons, or refugees, were looking for a home165 000 came to Canada1956 A violent Hungarian revolution Canada relaxed entry requirements and accepted 37 000 immigrants who wanted to escape communism

  • First NationsAfter returning from the War, Aboriginal soldiers were denied benefits other veterans receivedResidential schools grew (76 in operation during the 1950s)1951 changes to the Indian Act women allowed to vote in band elections; potlatches were now legal1953-1955 Relocation of Inuit families from Northern Quebec and Pond Inlet in Nunavut to Grise Fjord and Resolute Bay (2000 km away).

  • This move to the High Arctic was voluntary because hinting in their previous area was poor, but they were not told about conditions in the Arctic or about how difficult it would be to return to Quebec if they wished to do so.They were dropped off without firewood or housing at the onset of the Arctics four-month winter darknessLaw suits later would argue that this was a move by the government to assert sovereignty in the Far North for Canada and not done with the interest of the Inuit in mind

  • New Times, New LeadershipCanadian Politics of the 1950s

  • Mackenzie King1948 King retires; longest serving Prime MinisterReplaced by Louis St. Laurent; known as Uncle Louis

  • St. Laurent as PMExpanded federal social welfare programsBrought in hospital insuranceAn important step towards universal health careBrought Newfoundland into ConfederationAppointed first Canadian-born Governor General (Vincent Massey)Made Supreme Court of Canada the highest courtChanges to the BNA Act, now Canadian Parliament could make amendments to its own constitution without appealing to British ParliamentInitiated mega-projects (Trans-Canada Hwy)

  • 1957 electionConservative John Diefenbaker elected DiefPopulist (someone who appeals to concerns of ordinary people) leader from Saskatchewan A witty oratorI saw people kneel and kiss his coat. Not one, but many. People were in tears. People were delirious.

  • Arrival of NewfoundlandNewfoundland was a British colony that was growing in its own independenceGreat Depression hit it very hard; declared bankruptcy; governed by Great BritainGB sets up a special commission to govern1948 referendum (3 choices)Governed by special commission (no change)Self-governed dominion within British Empire Join Canada (pushed by Joey Smallwood)Smallwood elected premier of province hold position for more than two decades

  • Quebec and Nationalism1944-1959 premier Maurice Duplessis Believed in Quebec as a distinct culture, a nation rather than a provinceRoman Catholic Church became defender of Quebec cultureRural farming lifestyle vs English materialismEmphasize languages, philosophy vs Science and industry

  • Great DarknessDuplessis encouraged foreign investment but not cultural influencesLabour was cheap (discouraged/banned union activity), taxes were lowCompanies were expected to contribute to the Union Nationale in return for these favorable business conditionsBribery and corruption were rampantDuplessis Orphans Time was known as La Grande Noirceur

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