c diatonic harmonica book

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Excelent and to the point book from beguiner to advanced focusing the C diatonic harmonica.

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M E L B AY P R E S E N T S

The Complete 10-hole Diatonic Harmonica Series

C Harmonica BookBy James MajorYour Reference Guide to Available

Notes Scales Modes Positions Chords Arpeggios Bends Overbends Blues Basics Theory Diatonic Models More ...In Memory of: Stanley Major, who played Oh Susanna with more enthusiasm than anyone Ive ever heard and Marcelaine Major, who always smiled and listened.Cover Photo: James Major. Major Harmonica Collection courtesy of the Harmonica Museum of America. www.harmonicamuseum.com

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 2005 BY MEL BAY PUBLICATIONS, INC., PACIFIC, MO 63069. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT SECURED. B.M.I. MADE AND PRINTED IN U.S.A. No part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher.

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Table of ContentsOrigin of the Harmonica, Richter System ................4 How To Use This Book ............................................5 The Staff and Notes ..................................................6 Playing Single Notes ................................................7 INTERVALS Understanding Intervals ............................................8 Range of the 10-hole C Diatonic Harp......................9 BENDING and OVERBENDING Bending, The Intervals ............................................10 Overbending, The Intervals ....................................11 C HarpRelative to: Piano, Guitar and Mandolin ........................12 Understanding the Major Diatonic Scale, Seven Modes and 12 Positions....................13 POSITIONS, MODES and SCALES 1st Position: Ionian (Major) C major scale, C major scale with bends Playing C Blues C Mixolydian, C Dorian, C Major pentatonic scale, C blues scale, C blues progression........................................14 2nd Position: Mixolydian (Major) G7 scale, G7 scale with a bend Playing G Blues G Dorian, Gm pentatonic scale, G blues scale, G blues progression ....................................15 3rd Position: Dorian (minor) Dm7 scale, Dm7 scale with bends Playing D Blues Dm pentatonic scale, D blues scale, D blues progression ....................................16 4th Position: Aeolian (minor) A natural minor scale, A natural minor scale with a bend Playing A Blues Am pentatonic scale, A blues scale, A blues progression ........................................17 5th Position: Phrygian (minor) E Phrygian, E Phrygian with bends Playing E Blues Em pentatonic scale, E blues scale, E blues progression ....................................18 6th Position: Locrian (minor) B Locrian, B Locrian with a bend Playing B Blues B blues scale, Bm pentatonic scale, B blues progression ..................................19 12th Position: Lydian (Major) F Lydian, F Lydian with bends Playing F Blues F Major pentatonic scale, F blues scale, F blues progression ....................................20 More Blues Scales Key of C, G, D and E ................................21 Shakes, Tongue Slaps and Lifts ............................22 Playing Two Notes at the Same Time ..................23 CHORDS Building Chords, Inversions ..................................24 Voicings, Chord Substitutions ..............................25 Blow ChordC major chord, C Dyad ..................26 Draw ChordsG major, G7, G9, Dyads ..............26 Draw ChordsDm, Dm6, Dsus4, Bm7b5, Bdim triad, F Dyad ....................................27 ARPEGGIOS Getting The Most Out Of Arpeggios ....................28 Arpeggios Am, Am7, Am9, Am11, Asus2, Asus4 ........29 C, Cmaj7, Cmaj9, Cmaj11, Cmaj13 ................30 Csus2, Csus4, C6, C6/9, Cadd9, Cadd11..........31 Dm, Dm7, Dm9, Dm11, Dm13 ................32 Dm6, Dsus2, Dsus4, D7sus4, D9sus4 ............33 Em, Em7, Em11, Esus4, E7sus4 ..................34 F, F6, F6/9, Fmaj7, Fmaj9, Fmaj13 ..............35 G, G7, G9, G11, G13 ................................36 G6, G6/9, Gsus2, Gsus4, G7sus4, G9sus4..........37 MAJOR SCALESAdvanced ........................38 Major Scales Ab, A, B b, B ......................................39 Major Scales C, D b, D, E b ......................................40 Major Scales E, F, F#, G ........................................41 DIATONIC HARPSKnow Your Options 12-hole and 14-hole Diatonic Harps, XB40 ............42 Diatonic Harps w/ Slide Assembly, SBS ..............43 Tremolo-tuned and Extended-range ......................44 Tremolo and Octave-tuned harmonicas ................45 Octave-tuned and Extended-range ........................46 INSTRUMENT MECHANICS Air Flow, Tuning, Adjusting Reeds............47 Glossary ................................................................48

I would like to thank Jim Mead, the Guitarski guys and Chris Proctor for their inspiration. And also Pat Terry, Kim Driggs, Peter Choles, Hardin Davis, Bill Bay, Rick Epping, Ron Mileur, Eric Sopanen, Anna Lee, Henry Wolking, Steve Roens, Terri Major, Tracey Major, Tom Stetich, Keven Johansen, Connell Crook, Angie Keen, Sheila Van Frank and Brian Perry for their contributions. Without their help this series would not be possible. 2

This book is designed help you unlock the music in your favorite C diatonic harmonica.

IntroductionThis book is written for beginning, intermediate and advanced players in an easy-to-use format for both music readers and non-readers. Its a quick reference guide to easily accessible notes, bends, positions, modes, chords, arpeggios and scales for any 10-hole major diatonic harmonica in the key of C. Also included is information on the more elusive overblow and overdraw notes. The Complete 10-hole Major Diatonic Harmonica Series will help you understand basic music fundamentals and the vast musical capabilities of this handy little instrument in every key. Beginning Players: Use the graphics to find any of the available chords, arpeggios, scales, modes or positions without reading music or bending a note. Basic playing techniques are also shown. Intermediate Players: Bend your way through the available arpeggios, modes and scales. Learn how to play blues scales in seven different keys on your C harp. Advanced Players: Learn the chromatic capabilities of a C harp. Utilize bending and overbending to play major scales in every key and refer to the theory sections to construct other needed arpeggios and scales. Music Readers: Learn how to apply your knowledge of written music to the harmonica. See how it all fits. Non-reading Players: Relate your knowledge of the harmonica to the graphics and expand your musical foundation. Learn new positions and arpeggios. Use the bending chart to help find the intervals needed when mimicking string bending on an electric guitar. Discover the location of the bend intervals that will allow you to emulate your favorite pedal steel or slide guitar riffs, violin glissando and pitch bends on woodwind or brass instruments. In the back of the book is a section on diatonic instruments that deviate from the standard 10-hole harmonica design. These models are still diatonically organized, but each has its own unique features. Some are built for playing tremolo and others for playing octaves. There are chromatic-style models that are diatonically tuned and extended-range harmonicas with additional treble and bass notes. There is also a model that allows you to bend to nearly twice as many notes as the standard diatonic harp. Players who use these models can use all of the mode, chord and arpeggio charts. This book acts as a musical reference guide for those models and more. One book at a time, the Complete 10-hole Major Diatonic Harmonica Series exposes the functional capabilities of harmonicas based on the Richter system in all 12 keys. Whether you play todays popular music, blues, rock, country, jazz, classical, folk or, for that matter, any style, applying the information in this series will improve your overall knowledge of music as it relates to the major diatonic harmonica. Now, play through each of the examples at your own level and enjoy getting the most out of your C harp.

About the AuthorMulti-instrumentalist James Major hails from suburban Detroit and started playing harmonica in 1966. In 1974 he founded the music education and lesson program at Acoustic Music in Salt Lake City. He later attended the Jazz Dept. at the University of Utah and in 1982 wrote the Dulcimer Chord Encyclopedia for Mel Bay Publications, Inc. Since then, he has written and produced several instructional music books. Hes a seasoned music educator and continues to conduct seminars, individual and group lessons.

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The Origin of the HarmonicaThe harmonica is a member of the free reed family of musical instruments. Free reed instruments produce a tone when air passes over a reed that is fixed at one end and causes the other, unattached end to vibrate freely. The pitch is determined by characteristics in the flow of air over the reed, the shape of the reed, its length, weight, thickness, width, and its material. As far back as 3000 BC in China, people made and played a free reed instrument that is commonly considered to be the predecessor of the harmonica the sheng. Historians have dated similar instruments back as far as 4500 BC, and variations on it are still played throughout the Far East. The ancient Chinese design is said to have had a shape that was modeled after the mythical phoenix. It has one hole in a main chamber to inhale and exhale through, and a single hole in each of the many individual bamboo pipes inserted into the main chamber. The air is channeled past a reed inside the bamboo when one or more holes are covered. Melodies or chords can be played. The same note sounds when you inhale and exhale. Ive seen many different styl