by: michal remer dyslexia quick facts: 15-20 % of people affected dyslexia does not discriminate...

Download BY: MICHAL REMER Dyslexia Quick Facts: 15-20 % of people affected Dyslexia does not discriminate Dyslexia is mostly hereditary

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  • Slide 1
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  • BY: MICHAL REMER Dyslexia
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  • Quick Facts: 15-20 % of people affected Dyslexia does not discriminate Dyslexia is mostly hereditary
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  • Quick Facts: Difficulty with reading, writing and other language based tasks Reading/seeing words backwards is a common misconception
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  • Here is a small cartoon to begin illustrating the idea: So What is Dyslexia?
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  • The Dyslexia Paradox
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  • A Precise Definition: DIVIDED INTO 5 PARTS
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  • Dyslexia...
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  • 1. is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin.
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  • This means that the disability originates in the brain. 1. is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin.
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  • 2. Difficulties associated with Dyslexia typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language.
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  • This means a person with dyslexia typically has an impairment in the area of their brain that is responsible for breaking apart and processing the basic structure of words (phonemes). 2. Difficulties associated with Dyslexia typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language.
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  • 3. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
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  • This means that people with dyslexia often have difficulty identifying real words and/or doing so in a fluent (effortless) manner. 3. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
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  • They have trouble spelling words and decoding (that is, breaking apart/ pronouncing) the ones they are not familiar with. 3. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
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  • This includes nonsense words words that are phonetically decodable but not part of the lexicon. 3. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.
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  • 4. The phonological deficits that Dyslexics face are often unexpected in relation to their other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
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  • This means that their impairment has no relation to their overall intelligence or their ability to respond well to effective classroom instruction. In fact, most people with dyslexia have average to above average intelligence. 4. The phonological deficits that Dyslexics face are often unexpected in relation to their other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
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  • The conventional nature of classroom instruction today though, does not necessarily imply effective instruction for dyslexic students and this is one of the reasons why dyslexia is considered a learning disability 4. The phonological deficits that Dyslexics face are often unexpected in relation to their other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.
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  • 5. Secondary consequences of Dyslexia may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
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  • 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dysnemkinesia (motor dyslexia) Difficulty remembering how to do the movements needed for writing. 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dysnemkinesia (motor dyslexia) Difficulty remembering how to do the movements needed for writing. Difficulties with symbol orientations Confusion between b/d/p/q/ Transposing words (written/writing) and syllables (speech) Form/from, angle/angel, clam/calm 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dysnemkinesia (motor dyslexia) Difficulty remembering how to do the movements needed for writing. Difficulties with symbol orientations Confusion between b/d/p/q/ Transposing words (written/writing) and syllables (speech) Form/from, angle/angel, clam/calm 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dysnemkinesia (motor dyslexia) Difficulty remembering how to do the movements needed for writing. Difficulties with symbol orientations Confusion between b/d/p/q Transposing words (written/writing) and syllables (speech) Form/from, angle/angel, clam/calm Letter reversals Saw/was, reed/deer (sequential) /S, /R, C/ , / E, /u, N/ (mirror writing) 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dysnemkinesia (motor dyslexia) Difficulty remembering how to do the movements needed for writing. Difficulties with symbol orientations Confusion between b/d/p/q Transposing words (written/writing) and syllables (speech) Form/from, angle/angel, clam/calm Letter reversals Saw/was, reed/deer (sequential) /S, /R, C/ , / E, /u, N/ (mirror writing) Spatial difficulties Left/right, directions Poor sight recognition Trouble building up sight vocabulary Relies on reading and spelling phonetically 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Reader without Dysphonesia
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  • Brain Comparison
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  • Brain without Dysphonesia
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  • Type: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Reader with Dysphonesia
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  • Brain with Dysphonesia
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  • Dysphonesia: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically Difficulty identifying/make sense of novel or unfamiliar words 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Dysphonesia: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically Difficulty identifying/make sense of novel or unfamiliar words Learns the word deal, but gets mixed up with new word seal and cant read the word dealing. 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Dysphonesia: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically Difficulty identifying/make sense of novel or unfamiliar words Learns the word deal, but gets mixed up with new word seal and cant read the word dealing. Student tends to rely on memory 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Dysphonesia: Example: Dys-phon-esia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically Difficulty identifying/make sense of novel or unfamiliar words Learns the word deal, but gets mixed up with new word seal and cant read the word dealing. Student tends to rely on memory Chaotic spelling Confusion between similar looking letters Aminal/animal 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Dysphonesia: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically Difficulty identifying/make sense of novel or unfamiliar words Learns the word deal, but gets mixed up with new word seal and cant read the word dealing. Student tends to rely on memory Chaotic spelling Confusion between similar looking letters Aminal/animal Confusion between similar words 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Dysphonesia: Example: Dysphonesia (auditory dyslexia) Difficulty with phonological component of language. Cannot decode words phonetically Difficulty identifying/make sense of novel or unfamiliar words Learns the word deal, but gets mixed up with new word seal and cant read the word dealing. Student tends to rely on memory Chaotic spelling Confusion between similar looking letters Aminal/animal Confusion between similar words Volcano/tornado. 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dyseidesia (visual dyslexia) Difficulty with whole word recognition and visual analysis, particularly with visual processing. 3 Types of Dyslexia
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  • Type: Example: Dyseidesia (visual dyslexia) Difficulty with whole word recognition and visual analysis, particularly with visual processing. Poor visual memory Relies on spelling and decoding words phonetically Reading is laborious Frequent spelling errors Writes rede /ready, enuf /enough Increased decoding errors Reads log instead of laugh Difficulty differentiating b/w visual patterns, recalling things in sequential order, telling things apart from large r visual field Wheres Waldo Cluttered blackboard 3 Types of Dyslexia
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