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  • by Alan Wood

    HOUGHTON MIFFLIN

    1032751

    2.5.21

    HOUGHTON MIFFLIN

    Online Leveled Books

    Level: J

    DRA: 18

    Genre: Narrative Nonfi ction

    Strategy: Infer/Predict

    Skill: Main Ideas and Details

    Word Count: 311

  • by Alan Wood

    PHOTOGRAPHY CREDITS: Cover © Hans Reinhard/zefa/Corbis. 1 © Arthur Morris/Corbis. 2 © age fotostock/CORBIS. 3 © Juan Carlos MuÒoz. 4 © Hans Reinhard/zefa/Corbis. 6 © Arthur Morris/Corbis. 7 Doug Allan/npl/Minden Pictures. 8 Konrad Wothe/Minden Pictures. 9 © Deddeda/Age Fotostock.

    Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

    All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law. Requests for permission to make copies of any part of the work should be addressed to Houghton Mifflin Harcourt School Publishers, Attn: Permissions, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, Florida 32887-6777.

    Printed in China

    ISBN-13: 978-0-547-02684-8 ISBN-10: 0-547-02684-6

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0940 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

    If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt School Publishers retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited.

    Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format.

  • Table of Contents All Kinds of Penguins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

    Penguins in Cold Places . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

    Penguins in Warm Places . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    Penguins of the World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

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  • 3

    All Kinds of Penguins

    Many penguins live around

    the world.

    Some penguins are big,

    and some are small.

    Some have tall feathers on their

    heads, and some do not.

    Rockhopper penguin

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  • 4

    All penguins have short legs.

    They have webbed feet, too.

    They do not have wings,

    but they do have long flippers.

    All penguins can sing.

    They can also walk, jump, and slide,

    but they cannot fly.

    Sliding

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  • N

    S EW

    North America

    South America

    Africa

    Australia

    Europe Asia

    Antarctica

    Atlantic Ocean

    Pacific Ocean

    Antarctic Ocean

    5

    Most penguins live near oceans.

    They are great swimmers.

    They use their feet to steer

    through the water,

    and they catch fish to eat.

    Penguins have special feathers

    that keep them dry.

    Red areas show where penguins live.

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  • 6

    Penguins in Cold Places

    Most penguins live in cold places.

    Adélie penguins live in Antarctica.

    They make their homes on the ice.

    They have a thick layer of feathers

    that helps them stay warm.

    Rockhopper penguins live on

    chilly beaches in South America.

    Adélie penguins

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  • 7

    Emperor penguins live

    in Antarctica, too.

    They are the biggest of

    all the penguins.

    Their big bodies can stay warm

    in the cold.

    Even junior Emperor penguins

    are larger than many other birds.

    Emperor penguins

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  • 8

    Penguins in Warm Places

    Other penguins live in warm places.

    Fairy penguins live in Australia.

    They are the smallest penguins.

    They have tiny bodies.

    They are also called

    Little Blue penguins.

    Fairy penguins

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  • 9

    Some penguins live on

    sunny beaches.

    They do not have to worry

    about the cold.

    Sometimes they get too hot!

    They can stay in the water to

    keep cool.

    Cormorants

  • 10

    Penguins of the World

    For a long time, people weren’t

    sure how many kinds of penguins

    there are.

    Scientists finally agreed that

    there are 17 kinds of penguins.

    Find the penguins from this book

    on the chart.

    Name Warm or Cold Place?

    Adélie penguins cold

    Emperor penguins cold

    Fairy penguins warm

    Galapagos penguins warm

    Rockhopper penguins cold kh

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  • 11

    Responding TARGET SKILL Main Ideas and Details

    What is the main idea of this book?

    Copy this chart. Write one detail about

    the main idea.

    Text to World Some penguins live in zoos.

    Zookeepers must make the penguins

    comfortable. Pick a penguin from this

    book. Write a paragraph to explain how a

    zookeeper should set up its new home.

    Write About It

    Main Idea: Penguins live around the world.

    Detail: Some penguins live in Antarctica.

    Detail: ?

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  • 12

    finally junior otherwise slippery

    steer waterproof webbed whistle

    TARGET VOCABULARY

    TARGET SKILL Main Ideas and Details Tell important ideas and details about a topic.

    TARGET STRATEGY Infer/Predict Use text clues to figure out important ideas.

    GENRE Narrative nonfiction tells a true story about a topic.

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  • by Alan Wood

    HOUGHTON MIFFLIN

    1032751

    2.5.21

    HOUGHTON MIFFLIN

    Online Leveled Books

    Level: J

    DRA: 18

    Genre: Narrative Nonfi ction

    Strategy: Infer/Predict

    Skill: Main Ideas and Details

    Word Count: 311

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