Buying House in Greece
Post on 07-May-2017
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Transfer tax7% - 11% (+23% VAT)buyer
Registration fees0.475% (+ 15)buyer
Legal fees1% - 2%buyer
Real Estate Agent Fee1% - 2.5%1% - 2.5%buyerseller
Costs paid by buyer10.68% - 17.18%(for old properties)
22.68% - 25.68%(for new properties)
Costs paid by seller1.25% - 3.00%
ROUNDTRIP TRANSACTION COSTS11.93% - 28.68%
See FootnotesSource: Global Property Guide
How difficult is the property purchase process in Greece?
EU nationals can freely purchase property in Greece, while there are a few restrictions for non-EU nationals. Acquiring property near military bases, national borders mainly for security reasons, especially those close to Turkey - and in some islands requires special permission from the Local Council. Such permission is not granted to non-EU nationals.
The importation of funds for real estate acquisition needs to be documented and requires the permission of the Bank of Greece. You will also need to secure a Tax Registry Number from the Internal Revenue Service. If you are a married couple planning to purchase property jointly, you should each obtain one.
The first step to purchasing property in Greece is to hire a real estate attorney. He will be responsible for performing due diligence and ensuring the protection of your interests in the transaction.
Once you have selected the property, make an offer to the seller. If it is accepted, your lawyer will draw up an initial purchase agreement. Both parties will sign and you must pay a 10% deposit to reserve the property. Title search follows. Your lawyer must check if there are any charges on the property, if the construction followed government planning regulations, and all taxes due have been paid by the seller. This can be accomplished at the Registry of Mortgages. When the results are to your satisfaction, proceed to settling the remaining balance and necessary government duties.
Closing usually takes four to six weeks. You must obtain copies of the title from the seller. It is your responsibility to hire a notary public to prepare the contract deed, ensure that it has been drawn up correctly, and oversee the finalization of the purchase. Both parties must sign the contract deed in the presence of the notary who will verify and register the transaction in public records. This requires you to present a valid passport, your Tax Registry Number, and a special permission to purchase (if necessary).
In addition to this, the seller will also need to submit a BTax certificate proving he has a clean record with the Hellenic Fiscus (tax office). When this has been done, the final step involves submitting copies of the deed and transfer certificate to the Registry of Mortgages to change property ownership to your name.
A National Land Registry is still in the process of completion.
Footnotes to Transaction Costs Table
The round trip transaction costs include all costs of buying and then re-selling a property lawyers fees, notaries fees, registration fees, taxes, agents fees, etc.
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Transfer Tax:Transfer tax for areas not covered by fire protection is 7% for the first 15,000 and 9% for amount over 15,000, plus municipal tax. If the area is covered by a fire protection service the rate is higher, 9% for the first 15,000 and 11% for amount over 15,000. Municipal tax is 3% of the transfer tax. Areas with a fire protection service are popular among foreign buyers.
Transfer Tax for Areas Not Covered By Fire Protection
Property Value, TAX RATE
Up to 15,0007%
Over 15,000 9%
Transfer Tax for Areas Covered By Fire Protection
Property Value, TAX RATE
Up to 15,0009%
Over 15,000 11%
VAT:If property was constructed on or after 01 January 2006, 19% VAT is paid instead of transfer tax.
Land Registry Fees:The property transfer is registered in the Cadastre. Land registry fees include 15 for the cadastral extract, plus 0.475% of property value for registrars rights.
HYPERLINK "http://www.globalpropertyguide.com/Europe/Greece/Buying-Guide" \l "#" \o "Back to Top" Notary Fees:The sale and purchase agreement must be notarized for it to be valid.
Legal Fees:Buyer and seller share the costs. Employing the services of a lawyer is highly advisable to avoid the "who owns what" mischief rampant in Greece. The lawyer will make sure that the land title is clear.
The Greek law defines the minimum amounts of remuneration for any property transaction. There is no maximum limitation and these shall be agreed by mutual consent between the buyer and the lawyer.
MINIMUM LEGAL FEES
PROPERTY VALUE , TAX RATE
Up to 44,0201%
44,020 - 1,467,3510.5% on band over 44,020
1,467,351- 2,934,7020.4% on band over 1,467,351
2,934,702 5,869,4050.3% on band over 2,934,702
5,869,405 14,673,5140.2% on band over 5,869,405
14,673,514 - 29,347,028 0.1% on band over 14,673,514
29,347,028 - 58,694,057 0.05% on band over 58,694,057
Over 58,694,0570.01% on band over 58,694,057
HYPERLINK "http://www.globalpropertyguide.com/Europe/Greece/Buying-Guide" \l "#" \o "Back to Top" Real Estate Agents Commission:Buyer and seller each pay 1% to 2.5% agents commission. Sometimes an allowance is made for this when setting the sale price, so in effect the buyer pays