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ShipSim Magazine Issue 22 - June 2011 - www.shipsimmag.com 1

ShipSim Magazine 2010

shipsimmag.com

This months ocean linerRMS Queen Mary

Fresh set of SSEPictures

New Real lifePictures

Solent Special

Bumper SouthamptonArticle!

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ShipSim Magazine Issue 22 - June 2011 - www.shipsimmag.com 2

ShipSim Magazine 2010

Issue 22 27th June 2011

Pictures from SSA new month and a fresh set of pictures from Ship Simulator Extremes.

Competitions PageThe usual quizzes and word searches including Guess the Ship as well as a newword search puzzle.

The Port of SouthamptonFrom the first Roman settlers to the bustling port of today, we examine the Portof Southamptons rich maritime history.

From the beginning to the middleWe take a look at the early port of Hamtum, and later South Hamtum and howit developed into one of Englands most important ports.

The Atlantic LinersIn this second Southampton article we examine the Atlantic liners that oncecame alongside the docks as well as look as some of the most famous.

Southampton TodayIn this third Southampton article we take a look at the port as it is today anddiscover some of the vast statistics that it boasts.

MediaMays POTM Winner and a selection of ShipSim pictures.

Real Life PicturesAnother month heralds a fresh selection of pictures from the maritime worldsubmitted by ShipSim Magazine readers.

Southampton TodayForum member Ralphy examines the history of ferry operator Red Funnel which

is celebrating its 150th Anniversary this year.

Exclusive VSTEP InterviewVSTEPs Ben Borrie gives us a behind the scenes look at creating a virtualenvironment for the Ship Simulator series.

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ShipSim Magazine Issue 22 - June 2011 - www.shipsimmag.com 3

ShipSim Magazine 2010

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ShipSim Magazine Issue 22 - June 2011 - www.shipsimmag.com 4

ShipSim Magazine 2010

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ShipSim Magazine 2010

Ship Quiz:

Q: How many ferries...A: 5

Q: Name of Hamburg ferryA: St. Pauli

Q: Hull-Rotterdam ferry..A: Pride of Rotterdam

Q: Anchor handling tugA: Fairmount Sherpa

Q: SS HovercraftA: Freedom 90

Guess the ship:

Mont. St. Michael, BrittanyFerries

Nautical Term

Aft

Near the stern of a vessel.

Word Search

Send your answers to:editor@shipsimmag.com or via our contact form.

Winners will be mentioned in the next issue.

Guess the Ship

Can you guess the name of this ship and who operates her?

Ship Quiz

What was the original name of Orient Star?

Did the Cutter first feature in SS08 or SSE?

Name of the azimuth tractor tug?

Name of the company that operates Red Jet 4?

Name of the company that operates Freedom 90?

Nautical Term of the Month

Ashore

Words to look for:

Beaufort EngineChannel RiverMast SternRudderWaveBowDockNavigateSonarBridge

E S J W W Z B X C

R N O U O Z E H T

I J I N B E A O B

V U C G A N U N F

E N J M N R F S R

R W A E T E O J E

A S L V H T R U D

T X Q B I E T B D

S T E R N G V T U

E G D I R B A A R

G A G K C O D T W

H P I I K L E R E

E S E H X S N T R

L T G O E B R E N

O A D A J A L I E

H R I V H L A O Z

T B R C E T R C A

R O B P P A L E J

O A O A R A D A R

P R C Y O A G N Q

P D O F F I C E R

A L B A T R O S S

S E M E R T X E M

W O T S D A P M P

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Once a turnaround port for the great Atlantic liners ofyesteryear, Southampton continues to play host to theworlds cruise ships as well modern day freight vessels.

From Roman settlers to Atlantic greyhounds

Wikimedia Commons

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ShipSim Magazine 2010

In the 1930s Southamptonwas described as the gatewayto the world and eventhough the many liners thatonce moored alongside havesince disappeared, the Port ofSouthampton continues to beone of the most importantports on Englands southcoast.

However, like many townsand cities Southampton hadhumble beginnings as farback as Roman times whenthey built a town calledClausentum on the riverItchen around 70 AD. Thistown was abandoned whenthe Roman army left thecountry.

A new town was later built onthe opposite side of the riverin Saxon times and namedHamtum. The port handledthe export of wool and theimport of wine from France.Wool was stored in the WoolHouse which survives todayand is the home of theMaritime Museum. From the11th century the town wasknown as South Hamtum.

In the 14th and 15th centuriesshipbuilding in Southampton

began andin 1418Henry VsflagshipHMS GraceDieu wasbuilt inSouthampt-on. In 1439it wasstruck bylightning onthe riverHamblewhere thewreck still lies. By nowSouthampton was beginningto emerge as a major port,and trade was rich withFrance and Spain. The cityalso witnessed the departureof the Mayflower as it beganits voyage across the Atlantic.

In the 16th century the portstrade with Italy ended and theport fell into decline despitestill having a coastal tradewith cargoes such as coal andtimber. However later in the16th century, Southamptonwas one of the ports fromwhich the plague enteredEngland after it had begun tospread throughout the rest ofEurope.

The 19th century once againallowed the port to flourishwith the import of timber andgrain as well as stone and coalfrom Scotland. The port alsohandled imports of wine andfruit from Portugal and Spain.By 1838 the amount ofvessels calling at the portnecessitated the need for adock which was opened in1843.

In the mid 1800sSouthampton began to attractthe big shipping lines. Thefirst to arrive was P&O whichcommenced services from theport in 1840, starting a longand distinguished associationwith Southampton and oceanliners.

Wikimedia Commons (geograph.org.uk)

70AD

The Romans built a smalltown on the banks of the

River Itchen.

Wikimedia Commons

1439

Henry Vs flagship GraceDieui sinks on the River

Hamble.

Wikimedia Commons

1843

P&O commence servicesout of the port of

Southampton.

Wikimedia Commons

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ShipSim Magazine 2010

The Atlantic LinersAfter P&Obegan servicesfromSouthamptonother major linesbegan to followsuit. In 1842 theRoyal Mail SteamPacket Companyarrived with itsships sailing toSouth Americaand the UnionLine in 1857.

In 1907 the first Trans-Atlantic company moved toSouthampton; the White StarLine. The White Star Linetook a different approach totaking passengers across theAtlantic and preferred tofocus on comfort and luxuryas opposed to speed.

By 1919 White Stars biggestrival, Cunard arrived atSouthampton despite stillhaving its headquarters inLiverpool.

Southampton saw manyfamous ships come and goover the years, notably theTitanic on its one and onlycall at the port. Other shipsinclude the Olympic, Queen

Mary and Cunards Aquitania.

Throughout the 1930s theport continued to thrive andbecame known as thegateway to the world.

For years the port had tokeep building new dry docksin order to keep up with thenumber of larger and largerships entering service. In1934 the Western Docks,then known as the NewDocks opened along with theKing George V dry dockwhich was able toaccommodate the giantsQueen Mary and QueenElizabeth.

Large Atlantic liners would

moor at the Ocean Terminalwhich even had a press roomfor journalists waiting tointerview stars on theirtravels. This was laterdemolished and the site nowplays host to the new OceanTerminal built in 2009, albeiton the opposite side of thedock.

Possibly the most famousliner to be registered toSouthampton as its homeport was the Queen Elizabeth2, now in Dubai. For most ofthe ships career she wouldberth at the Queen ElizabethII terminal, built in 1966 inthe Eastern Docks.

1907

White Star Line move toSouthampton for their

home port.

Wikimedia Commons

1912

Titanic departs Southamptonon her ill fated maiden

voyage.

Wikimedia Commons

1966

Queen Elizabeth II cruiseterminal opens in the

Eastern Docks.

Wikimedia Commons

Queen Elizabeth 2

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ShipSim Magazine Issue 22 - June 2011 - www.shipsimmag.com 9

ShipSim Magazine 2010

Southampton TodayToday the Port ofSouthampton isthriving with allkinds of vesselscalling to unloadand has beendescribed as thecruise capital ofNorthernEurope. Some ofthe worlds largestcontainershipscan be berthed atthe containerdocks and theport can boast that it has noless than four cruise terminalsable to turn around some ofthe largest cruise ships in theworld including theIndependence of the Seas andCunards Queen Mary 2.

Southampton handles 42million tonnes of cargoannually and is home to thesecond largest containerterminal in the UK. All in allthis accounts for roughly 7%of the UKs sea trade.

Oil tankers of various sizescall at the

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