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Answers to questions that plague us all. BUDDHIST TRADITIONS. OUT OF HINDUISM. WAS IT A REACTION TO HINDUISM? ITS PERVERSIONS? ITS AUTHORITY? had become hereditary, secretive, institutional ITS RITUALISM? mechanical for obtaining results - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • BUDDHIST TRADITIONSAnswers to questions that plague us all

  • OUT OF HINDUISMWAS IT A REACTION TO HINDUISM? ITS PERVERSIONS?ITS AUTHORITY? had become hereditary, secretive, institutionalITS RITUALISM? mechanical for obtaining resultsITS SPECULATION? caught in minutia; nature of self, world, divineITS TRADITION? lost its aliveness (insistence on Sanskrit)ITS MYSTERY? magic, occultITS IDEA OF GRACE ? universe good to the removal or responsibility karma or fatalism; resignation to wheel vs effort

  • ORWe will see

  • SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMASAKYAMUNI (wise one of the muni tribe)TATHAGATA(one who has thus come) The BUDDHA (theAwakened) -BORN 563 BCE NEPAL-PRINCELY EXISTENCE (KSHATRIYA)-WELL BORN HANSOME, STATELY- LUXURY, WEALTH, DANCING GIRLS (KAMA)-MODEL WIFE YASHODHARA QUEEN OF HEAVEN BEAUTIFUL SON AND DESTINED FOR FAME AND POWER(ARTHA)-HEIR TO THRONE (DHARMA) - but SHELTERED BY FATHER

  • THE FOUR PASSING SIGHTS

    In late 20s A GROWING DISCONTENT (there must be something more!)(Campbells HEROS CALL) THE LEGEND OF THE FOUR PASSING SIGHTS -he leaves the palace seeing 1. OLD AGE2. DISEASE3. CORPSE

  • ANICCAThru MEDITATION upon these we learn:THE REALITY OF SUFFERING!Youth is fleeting sufferingHealth is fleeting sufferingLIFE is fleeting! sufferingTHE WHOLE WORLD IS FLEETING PASSING,TRANSITORY, IMPERMANENTLIFE IS A STREAM

    *ALL IS ANICCA =IMPERMANENCETRANSITORY, PASSING, FLEETING, EPHEMERAL

  • THE FOURTH PASSING SIGHTLeaves the palace a final time seeingMENDICANT MONK shaven head, robe, bowl, ascetic- world removedFrom this LEARN HOPE , POSSIBILITYTHERE IS SOMETHING MORE!Release from sufferingAnd he vows to achieve it

  • THE GREAT GOING FORTHINTO THE WOODS (DESERT)THE SEARCH FOR ENLIGHTENMENT THE TRIUMPH OF THE SPIRITUAL OVER THE WORLDLY THE SEARCH-SOLITUDE lonely forest dweller How hard the life of the forest dweller. To rejoice in solitude. Verily the silent groves bear heavily upon the monk who has not yet won fixity of mind-2 HINDU MASTERS a RAJA AND A JNANA-A BAND OF ASCETICS Fasting 6 grains of rice/1 fruit/1 seed 1 grainBreath training brought only weakness, sick, near deathIf you tighten the string too much it will break; Too loose it will not play

  • THE MIDDLE WAYEXTREME COMFORT NOT THE WAYEXTREME DISCOMFORT ACETICISM NOT THE WAYTHE MIDDLE WAYConcept of a RATIONED LIFE body given what needed combined with vigorous deep thought and mystic concentration can lead to liberationthe vow - seated upon the IMMOVEABLE SPOT UNDER BODHI tree with vow to achieve enlightenment-experiences MARA'S TEMPTATIONS god of death who sends forth-Daughters DISCONTENT, DESIRE, DELIGHT

  • The Bodhi tree in Bodhgaya, India

  • THERE WILL BE SOME WHO UNDERSTANDGAUTAUMA UNMOVED (having emptied himself)Touches the earth asking the earth to bear witness to his vowWith deepening meditation perceives previous lifetimesPrevious lives of all , death and rebirthUltimate nature of the universe, radiance of true beingSAT ROOTED IN RAPTURE 49 DAYSMARA TRIED ONE MORE TEMPTATION - WHO WOULD UNDERSTAND?-HOW COULD THIS REVELATION BE TRANSMITTED-HOW SHOW WHAT CAN ONLY BE FOUND-HOW TEACH WHAT CAN ONLY BE LEARNED-WHY BOTHER?-WHY NOT WASH ONES HANDS AND SLIP OUT INTO NIRVANA(the extinguishing eternal bliss liberation from samsara)Buddhas answer THERE WILL BE SOME WHO UNDERSTAND

  • THE 3 JEWELS OF BUDDHISM: p.2551. the BUDDHA turns back to the worlds in COMPASSIONFOUNDS an ORDER OF MONKS

    2. the SANGA THE COMMUNITY-CHALLENGES THE DEADNESS OF BRAHMIN SOCIETY-PROVIDES PREACHING AND PRIVATE COUSELLING-PERIOD OF WITHDRAWAL AND RETURN (CREATIVITY)-meditate 3 times a day 3 months a year

    3. THE DHARMA- the teachings, the truthvs ethical duty and service of Hinduism

    I take refuge in the Buddha, Dharma, .SanghaAfter breaking from rapture walked into DEER PARK in holy cityOf Veranase Benares preached the FIRST SERMON (q.v.)disclosing the Keys

  • the FIRST SERMON THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS FROM REFLECTIONS ON FOUR PASSING SIGHTSThe First Noble Truth - there is SUFFERINGLIFE IS DUKKHA (SUFFERING) Only at quite rare moments have I felt really glad to be alive; I could not but feel with a sympathy full of regret all the pain that I saw around me, not only that of men, but of the whole world of creation Albert Schweitzer-LIFE A STYPICALLY LIVED IS UNFULFILLING/ INSECURE- EVEN ENJOYMENT IS SUPERFICIAL/FLEETINGMOST MEN LIVE LIVES OF QUIET DESPIRATION Thoreau

  • The First Noble Truth cont.A.) There are obvious examplesthe pleasures of one are the pains of anotherthe pains of another disturb ones own contentment

    B.) The pleasures we do enjoy bring with them: AN ATTACHMENT TO THE OBJECT/ ACTIVITY ENJOYEDAN ANXIETY AT THE INEVITABILITY OF SEPERATION FROM OBJ/ACT

    C.) the pleasure we do enjoy does not diminish the drive for that pleasure but rather increases it

    D.) grasping (clinging) at lifes pleasures increases the suffering

  • 1 The First Noble Truth contSIX MOMENTS OF GLARINGLY APPARENT:BIRTHSICKNESSFEAR OF AGE OR DECAYFEAR OF DEATHATTACHMENT TO WHAT ONE LIKESSEPERATION FROM WHAT ONE LOVESTHIS PAIN FELT IN THE 5 SKANDAS (LIFE COMPONENT GROUPINGS)BODYSENSATIONSTHOUGHTSFEELINGSCONSCIOUSNESSENERGY BUNDLES (THE SUM OF WHAT WE CONSIDER LIFE TO BE)More belowREBIRTH AND KARMA HERE!!!!

  • The First Noble Truth cont.In sum The First Noble Truth then there is SUFFERING, LIFE IS SUFFERINGDUKKHADUKKHA IS THE PAIN THAT COLORS FINTE EXISTENCELIFE IN THE CONDITION IT HAS GOTTEN ITSELF IS DISLOCATED LIFE IS OUT OF HARMONY (NEEDS REPAIR)TO HEAL OR ALLEVIATE THIS PAIN WE NEED TO KNOW THE CAUSE

  • The Second Noble Truth: SUFFERING IS CAUSEDSUFFERING IS CAUSEDTHE CAUSE IS 1.) TANHA (CRAVING) and2.) AVIDYA ( IGNORANCE) IGNORANCE OF ANICCA AND ANATTA (MORE IN A MOMENT)1.) SUFFERING ORIGINATES IN CRAVINGA.) CRAVING WHAT ONE CANNOT HAVE orB.) CRAVING TO AVOID WHAT CANNOT BE AVOIDEDC.) DEEPER SENSE OF CRAVING IS TO BE OR HAVE A SELFTWO FACTORS INVOLVED1.) EXISTENCE OF CERTAIN OBJECTIVE FACTORS IN WORLD2.) EXISTENCE OF A SELF THERE IS NO SUFFERING UNTIL THESE OBJECTIVE FACTORS ARE RELATED TO A SELF

  • THE SECOND NOBLE TRUTH cont. ANATTA or (ANATMAN)IT IS THE CRAVING OF A SELF THAT GIVES RISE TO SUFFERINGWHAT IS THIS SELF THAT IS CRAVED??Analysis of the self gives us PROCESSES 5 SKANDAS BODY PROCESSESSENSATIONSPERCEPTIONSIMPULSESCONSCIOUSNESSBEYOND THESE NOTHING MORE and soTHERE IS NO ( enduring) THING WE CAN CALL THE SELF THERE IS NO SELF or in Sanskrit ANATTA or (ANATMAN)THAT THERE IS A SELF AS SOMETHING MORE TO WHICH THESE 5 PROCESSES BELONG IS A FICTION A FICTION CREATED BY:2.) IGNORANT CRAVING ( AVIDYA)

    *OR ANOTHER WAY TO SAY THIS IS NO SOUL or no permanent, unchanging, independent self

  • THREE MARKS OF EXISTENCE THUSFAR WE HAVE ARRIVED AT THE THREE MARKS (CHARACTERISTICS) OF EXISTENCE:DUKKHA - sufferingANATTA no selfANICCA - impermanence(REMEMBER - ANICCA FROM MEDITATION ON THE 4 PASSING SIGHTS)***********************

  • The Third Noble Truth: SUFFERING CAN BE ELIMINATED Because suffering is caused BY EXTINGUISHING THE CAUSE OF SUFFERING, SUFFERING CAN BE EXTINGUISHED (nirvana = extinguishedp253)As we have seen, we assume that in addition to bodily and mental activity there is an i, a selfIt is to this ego self that the doctrine of anatta refersso it is IN OVERCOMING ATTACHMENT TO THE I THAT RELEASE FROM SUFFERING IS FOUND !Life being One, all that tends to separate one from another causes Suffering. Our duty is to understand our fellows as extensions of ourselves fellow facets of the same reality

  • I DO NOT EXIST AS A SUBSTANCE INDEPENDENT OF THE PROCESSES THAT CONSTITUTE ME.

    WE SAY BODY OR HABITS BELONG TO A SELF YET IT IS CLEAR THAT THIS IS SIMPLY A WAY OF SPEAKING AND DOES NOT CONSTITUTE EVIDENCE THAT THERE EXIST A SELF BEYOND A GROUP OF PROCESSES.

    THESE PROCESSES CAUSE SUFFERING ONLY BECAUSE OF A WRONG ATTITUDE (IGNORANCE) TOWARD THEM, AN ATTITUDE THAT MISTAKES THEM FOR SOMETHING OTHER THAN WHAT THEY ARE (PROCESSES)

  • The Fourth Noble Truth:THE EIGHTFOLD PATH

    THE WAY TO EXTINGUISH THE CAUSE OF TANHA AND AVIDYA IS THE EIGHTFOLD PATHThe middle wayThe moral, ethical standard of BuddhismMorality- right speech, action and livelihoodMeditation-right effort, mindfulness, concentrationWisdom (prajna)-right views, intention

  • The Four Noble Truths summ.1. Life means suffering.(dukkha)To live means to suffer, because the human nature is not perfect and neither is the world we live in 2. The origin of suffering is attachment. The origin of suffering is attachment to transient things and the ignorance thereof. (tanha and avidya)3. The cessation of suffering is attainable.The cessation of suffering can be attained through nirodha. Nirodha means extinguishing all forms of clinging and attachment. 4. The path to the cessation of suffering is the Eightfold path. It is the middle way between the two extremes of excessive self-indulgence (hedonism) and excessive self-mortification (asceticism); and it leads to the end of the cycle of rebirth. The path to the end of suffering can extend over many lifetimes, throughout which every individual rebirth is subject to karmic conditioning. Craving, ignorance, delusions, and its effects will disappear gradually, as progress is made on the path.

  • THE EIGHTFOLD PATH: WisdomRIGHT VIEWS or Understanding to make up your mindto fully know the FOUR TRUTHSto be convinced in a way out CONVICTIONRIGHT Thought or resolveto make up your heartTo resolve to renounce the world yet do no harmSingleness of mind RESOLUTION

  • MoralityRIGHT SPEECHspeak the truth onlyabstain from slander and gossipAWARENESS of what our talk reveals- motives, charityRIGHT ACTS (