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    BUDDHISM

    OriginsOriginsOriginsOrigins 2,500 years old 2,500 years old 2,500 years old 2,500 years old Began in India Began in India Began in India Began in India Spread and diversified throughout the Far EastSpread and diversified throughout the Far EastSpread and diversified throughout the Far EastSpread and diversified throughout the Far East Moved to Tibet, China, Korea, & Japan Moved to Tibet, China, Korea, & Japan Moved to Tibet, China, Korea, & Japan Moved to Tibet, China, Korea, & Japan

    A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice followed by more than 300 million peoplefollowed by more than 300 million peoplefollowed by more than 300 million peoplefollowed by more than 300 million people Based on the teachings of the BuddhaBased on the teachings of the BuddhaBased on the teachings of the BuddhaBased on the teachings of the Buddha The “middle way of wisdom and compassion”The “middle way of wisdom and compassion”The “middle way of wisdom and compassion”The “middle way of wisdom and compassion”

    The “Three Jewels” of The “Three Jewels” of The “Three Jewels” of The “Three Jewels” of BuddhismBuddhismBuddhismBuddhism

    BuddhaBuddhaBuddhaBuddha –––– the teacherthe teacherthe teacherthe teacher

    DharmaDharmaDharmaDharma –––– the teachingsthe teachingsthe teachingsthe teachings

    SanghaSanghaSanghaSangha –––– the communitythe communitythe communitythe community

    Who was the Buddha?Who was the Buddha?Who was the Buddha?Who was the Buddha? Born Siddhartha Gautama Born Siddhartha Gautama Born Siddhartha Gautama Born Siddhartha Gautama –––– of noble caste in of noble caste in of noble caste in of noble caste in India, 563 B.C.E. (died in 483)India, 563 B.C.E. (died in 483)India, 563 B.C.E. (died in 483)India, 563 B.C.E. (died in 483) Studied and Lived as a Hindu Studied and Lived as a Hindu Studied and Lived as a Hindu Studied and Lived as a Hindu

    Several interpretations about his parents and his Several interpretations about his parents and his Several interpretations about his parents and his Several interpretations about his parents and his birthbirthbirthbirth Queen Maya and King Queen Maya and King Queen Maya and King Queen Maya and King SuddhodanaSuddhodanaSuddhodanaSuddhodana

    Raised in great luxury to be a kingRaised in great luxury to be a kingRaised in great luxury to be a kingRaised in great luxury to be a king Never exposed to pain or suffering, only pleasuresNever exposed to pain or suffering, only pleasuresNever exposed to pain or suffering, only pleasuresNever exposed to pain or suffering, only pleasures His father protected him to help him be a great leaderHis father protected him to help him be a great leaderHis father protected him to help him be a great leaderHis father protected him to help him be a great leader

    Married at age 19 and had a sonMarried at age 19 and had a sonMarried at age 19 and had a sonMarried at age 19 and had a son Wanted to see the world outside of the palace wallsWanted to see the world outside of the palace wallsWanted to see the world outside of the palace wallsWanted to see the world outside of the palace walls

    The Four SightsThe Four SightsThe Four SightsThe Four Sights Siddhartha left the palace and saw:Siddhartha left the palace and saw:Siddhartha left the palace and saw:Siddhartha left the palace and saw: An old manAn old manAn old manAn old man A sick personA sick personA sick personA sick person A corpseA corpseA corpseA corpse A wandering asceticA wandering asceticA wandering asceticA wandering ascetic He felt this was the only was to deal with the He felt this was the only was to deal with the He felt this was the only was to deal with the He felt this was the only was to deal with the inevitable suffering of the first 3 sightsinevitable suffering of the first 3 sightsinevitable suffering of the first 3 sightsinevitable suffering of the first 3 sights

    Siddhartha’s Siddhartha’s Siddhartha’s Siddhartha’s Journey to Journey to Journey to Journey to EnlightenmentEnlightenmentEnlightenmentEnlightenment Siddhartha left his family and the palace & went to the Siddhartha left his family and the palace & went to the Siddhartha left his family and the palace & went to the Siddhartha left his family and the palace & went to the forestforestforestforest Followed a strict ascetic lifestyle for six yearsFollowed a strict ascetic lifestyle for six yearsFollowed a strict ascetic lifestyle for six yearsFollowed a strict ascetic lifestyle for six years Starved himself and nearly diedStarved himself and nearly diedStarved himself and nearly diedStarved himself and nearly died Developed empathy and compassionDeveloped empathy and compassionDeveloped empathy and compassionDeveloped empathy and compassion

    He then rejected this extreme and moved to meditationHe then rejected this extreme and moved to meditationHe then rejected this extreme and moved to meditationHe then rejected this extreme and moved to meditation Under the Bo TreeUnder the Bo TreeUnder the Bo TreeUnder the Bo Tree Tempted by many demons, etc. By eliminating desire, he:Tempted by many demons, etc. By eliminating desire, he:Tempted by many demons, etc. By eliminating desire, he:Tempted by many demons, etc. By eliminating desire, he: Achieved Achieved Achieved Achieved NirvanaNirvanaNirvanaNirvana –––– an awakening to the truth about lifean awakening to the truth about lifean awakening to the truth about lifean awakening to the truth about life Became the Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35Became the Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35Became the Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35Became the Buddha, the “Awakened One”at the age of 35

    Spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching others Spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching others Spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching others Spent the remaining 45 years of his life teaching others how to achieve the peace of mind he had achievedhow to achieve the peace of mind he had achievedhow to achieve the peace of mind he had achievedhow to achieve the peace of mind he had achieved

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    What did the Buddha teach?What did the Buddha teach?What did the Buddha teach?What did the Buddha teach?

    The Four Noble Truths:The Four Noble Truths:The Four Noble Truths:The Four Noble Truths: 1.1.1.1. To live is to sufferTo live is to sufferTo live is to sufferTo live is to suffer 2.2.2.2. The cause of suffering is selfThe cause of suffering is selfThe cause of suffering is selfThe cause of suffering is self----centered desire & centered desire & centered desire & centered desire & attachments (craving)attachments (craving)attachments (craving)attachments (craving)

    3.3.3.3. The solution is to eliminate desire and The solution is to eliminate desire and The solution is to eliminate desire and The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment, thus achieving attachment, thus achieving attachment, thus achieving attachment, thus achieving Nirvana Nirvana Nirvana Nirvana (“extinction”)(“extinction”)(“extinction”)(“extinction”)

    4.4.4.4. The way to The way to The way to The way to NirvanaNirvanaNirvanaNirvana is through the “Eightis through the “Eightis through the “Eightis through the “Eight----Fold Fold Fold Fold Path”Path”Path”Path”

    *These were outlined in his first sermon at *These were outlined in his first sermon at *These were outlined in his first sermon at *These were outlined in his first sermon at VaranasiVaranasiVaranasiVaranasi

    What is the EightWhat is the EightWhat is the EightWhat is the Eight----Fold Path?Fold Path?Fold Path?Fold Path? (Also called the Middle Path)(Also called the Middle Path)(Also called the Middle Path)(Also called the Middle Path) Wisdom:Wisdom:Wisdom:Wisdom: •Right Right Right Right understanding/viewunderstanding/viewunderstanding/viewunderstanding/view

    •Right motivation/aimRight motivation/aimRight motivation/aimRight motivation/aim

    Moral discipline:Moral discipline:Moral discipline:Moral discipline: •Right speechRight speechRight speechRight speech

    •Right actionRight actionRight actionRight action

    •Right livelihoodRight livelihoodRight livelihoodRight livelihood

    Mental discipline:Mental discipline:Mental discipline:Mental discipline: •Right effortRight effortRight effortRight effort

    •Right mindfulnessRight mindfulnessRight mindfulnessRight mindfulness

    •Right meditation/ Right meditation/ Right meditation/ Right meditation/ concentrationconcentrationconcentrationconcentration

    How does Buddhism differ How does Buddhism differ How does Buddhism differ How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?from Hinduism?from Hinduism?from Hinduism?

    Buddhism rejects…Buddhism rejects…Buddhism rejects…Buddhism rejects… Authority of the ancient Vedic textsAuthority of the ancient Vedic textsAuthority of the ancient Vedic textsAuthority of the ancient Vedic texts The Vedic caste systemThe Vedic caste systemThe Vedic caste systemThe Vedic caste system The Vedic and Hindu deitiesThe Vedic and Hindu deitiesThe Vedic and Hindu deitiesThe Vedic and Hindu deities The efficacy of Vedic worship and ritualThe efficacy of Vedic worship and ritualThe efficacy of Vedic worship and ritualThe efficacy of Vedic worship and ritual The concept of BrahmanThe concept of BrahmanThe concept of BrahmanThe concept of Brahman

    How does Buddhism differ How does Buddhism differ How does Buddhism differ How does Buddhism differ from