Bubble-Wrap for Surgical Patients

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Association of Avian VeterinariansBubble-Wrap for Surgical PatientsAuthor(s): Greg J. HarrisonSource: Journal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993), p. 221Published by: Association of Avian VeterinariansStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27671100 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 00:38Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .Association of Avian Veterinarians is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access toJournal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians.http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 188.72.126.196 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 00:38:03 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=aavhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/27671100?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspsent at necropsy. Furthermore, pesti cides may not be detectable in the dead animal because these chemicals quickly break down or are metabo lized. In addition the limited sample volumes of gastrointestinal contents from small birds makes detection of these compounds difficult. These ob stacles all lead to a very important point ? the observations made by the field investigator and the history submitted with the bird are crucial to the successful positive diagnosis of this mortality factor. BUBBLE-WRAP FOR SURGICAL PATIENTS Greg J. Harrison, DVM Lake Worth, Florida In human studies, water blankets have apparendy been shown to have little effect on maintaining or raising the body temperature of the surgical patient. A p?diatrie surgeon once re marked that babies undergoing sur gery are wrapped with a hot air blanket. The blanket is similar to bubble packaging material, which contains channels into which hot air is directed. He thought a similar blan ket could be made for birds from common bubble-wrap material. Al though using a hair dryer might ac tually burn a patient, perhaps a hot air blower with some kind of thermo stat could be used to bring heated air into the chambers. We have used regular bubble wrap to envelop avian patients un dergoing long-term surgery (along with a hot water blanket) and, al though we have not measured body temperature, it appears that the birds come out of anesthesia faster and don't seem to sit around looking chilled after surgery. We just cut a hole through the bubble-wrap at the surgical site. USE OF DERMCAPS LIQUID AND HYDROXYZINE HCL FOR THE TREATMENT OF FEATHER PICKING Michael Krinsley, DVM New York, New York A 27-year-old Red-lored Amazon Parrot was presented with a six-month history of feather picking. The skin over the breast, abdomen, legs, shoul ders and tail base were virtually featherless. The bird had been healthy otherwise and weighed 420 grams. The birds skin and plumage, in areas that were not being picked, were nor mal in appearance. Tests taken in cluded a blood cell count, serum bio chemistry, thyroid level, fecal parasite screen, fecal Gram's stain and culture, feather pulp Gram's stain and culture, and radiography. The test results were all nondiagnostic. A complete review of the history suggested that emotional and envi ronmental factors were not involved. The diet was varied, although nutri tionally unbalanced, and the bird readily adjusted to an improved diet. Numerous successive drug thera pies including antibiotic, anthelmin tic and vitamin supplementation were attempted over several months. No improvement was seen. The final six-week trial consisted of hydroxyzine HCl syrup 2.2 mg/kg PO TID. While the bird continued on hydroxyzine HCl syrup, DermCaps Liquid 1.0 ml/20 lbs/day (DVM Phar maceutical Inc, Miami, FL) was added. In one week's time, the owner noted that the bird seemed less pruritic. By three weeks, picking was minimal and plumage started to regrow in areas that had been devoid of feathers. After three months, there was little evidence of feather picking. Attempts to reduce the dosage of hydroxyzine HCl at that time resulted in a return to feather picking. DermCaps have been used by vet erinarians for the treatment of pruri tus in dogs and cats. The oxidative metabolism of certain fatty acids re sults in the formation of eicosanoids, which include prostaglandins and leukotrienes. These compounds play important roles in immunoregula tion, inflammation and maintenance of normal integrity of the skin. Eicos apentaenoic acid (EPA), the main ingredient in DermCaps, is a potent competitive inhibitor of arachidonic acid metabolism and thus can inter fere with the inflammatory effects of arachidonic acid and its metabolites. USE OF IV CATHETERS Greg J. Harrison, DVM Lake Worth, Florida The 24 gauge intravascular over the-needle Teflon-coated catheters make nice cannulas for flushing of nasal lacrimal ducts or flushing the opening of the uterus in very small birds with egg-laying problems. The needles themselves can be used for intramedullary pinning of the legs of birds the size of parrotlets. DUODERM AS A SPLINT FOR SMALL BIRDS Greg J. Harrison, DVM Lake Worth, Florida DuoDerm (hydroactive dressing - ConvaTec, Princeton, NJ) can be easily trimmed to fit from the groin area to the foot in budgerigars, finches and canaries, and can be used to handle most bone fractures in these small birds. In cases where the bone has penetrated the skin, DuoDerm also provides the environment to promote Vex. 7 No. 4 1993 221 This content downloaded from 188.72.126.196 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 00:38:03 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspArticle Contentsp. 221Issue Table of ContentsJournal of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Vol. 7, No. 4 (1993), pp. 179-238Front MatterUp Front [p. 183-183]ReviewedEfficacy of an Inactivated Avian Polyomavirus Vaccine [pp. 187-192]From the Literature [pp. 192, 196, 202, 212-214]ReviewedSusceptibility of Avian Polyomavirus to Inactivation [pp. 193-195]Candida/Megabacteria Proventriculitis in a Lesser Sulphur-Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea) [pp. 197-201]Performance Characteristics of Diagnostic Tests for Avian Chlamydiosis [pp. 203-207]Hemorrhagic Enteritis in a Group of Great-Billed Parrots (Tanygnathus megalorynchos) [pp. 209-211]Book ReviewReview: untitled [p. 215-215]In My ExperienceTreating Aspergillosis in Hummingbirds [p. 216-216]Treatment of Diseases Is Not Always Enough [pp. 216-217]PBFD in Large Parakeets [pp. 217-218]Intussusception of the Intestinal Tract in a White-Cheeked Turaco [pp. 218-219]Necrotic Hepatitis of Viral Origin in Pigeons [p. 219-219]Pendulous Crops in Budgies [p. 219-219]Allopurinol in Simple Syrup for Gout [pp. 219-220]Diagnosis of Pesticide Poisonings [pp. 220-221]Bubble-Wrap for Surgical Patients [p. 221-221]Use of DermCaps Liquid and Hydroxyzine HCL for the Treatment of Feather Picking [p. 221-221]Use of IV Catheters [p. 221-221]DuoDerm as a Splint for Small Birds [pp. 221-222]Toxicity Therapy [p. 222-222]Hospital Intensive Care [p. 222-222]Lightweight Splints from Aluminium Cans [p. 222-222]Are Persimmons Safe to Feed? [p. 222-222]Errata: Megabacteria in Passeriformes [p. 222-222]AAV Update [pp. 223-224]Names in the News [p. 226-226]Opportunities [pp. 228-229]Conservation Issues [pp. 231-232]Continuing Education [p. 234-234]New Products [p. 235-235]Back Matter