brief response how did the beliefs of the ancient israelites influence western views social...

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Brief Response How did the beliefs of the ancient Israelites influence Western views social organization and the rule of law? Discussion: sample Suggested response: The Israelites believed that there is one God. This promoted the notion that there is one law or one morality. Most other religions of the time believed in more than one god which made it difficult for them to establish a lasting moral code. The Israelites believed that God had chosen them to spread God’s teachings to all nations. The Seven Universal Laws applied to all people, not just Jews. It called upon people to establish a court system. The idea behind this system is that there is a universal moral code that applies to all people. This is the basis for international law today. Also, Jews thought that leaders were human (not gods) and were bound to obey the law as any ordinary citizen had to. This is tied to the later democratic idea of the rule of law.

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  • Brief ResponseHow did the beliefs of the ancient Israelites influence Western views social organization and the rule of law?Discussion: sampleSuggested response: The Israelites believed that there is one God. This promoted the notion that there is one law or one morality. Most other religions of the time believed in more than one god which made it difficult for them to establish a lasting moral code. The Israelites believed that God had chosen them to spread Gods teachings to all nations. The Seven Universal Laws applied to all people, not just Jews. It called upon people to establish a court system. The idea behind this system is that there is a universal moral code that applies to all people. This is the basis for international law today. Also, Jews thought that leaders were human (not gods) and were bound to obey the law as any ordinary citizen had to. This is tied to the later democratic idea of the rule of law.

  • p. 33 The Rise of Christianity

    0 CE to c. 1500 CE

  • Lecture/DiscussionMaterial from your reading

  • Why Early Christianity?Western Civilization gets many of its ideas for government from the Judeo-Christian tradition.EC: Christian qualities (4)EqualityFairnessJusticeLove (brotherhood, support, sharing, cooperation); peaceful tolerance and coexistence.

  • Thoughtful Reviewfor the administration of justiceis the principle of order in political society.--Aristotle, PoliticsFrom Aristotles statement above, it can be inferred thatMonarchs protect citizens from tyranny.Only elected officials should impose laws.Laws maintain the stability of a nation.Majority rule ensure a stable government

  • Reaffirming FaithJesusA Jew whose teachings became the basis for Christianity. Jesus (YShua - Hebrew, Iesu - Latin): YShua lived under Roman domination of Judea. under Augustus Caesar

  • Reaffirming FaithEC: Jesus ideas were based on his Jewish religion, (3) Their godTen Commandments and laws of the TorahTeachings of the Jewish prophets

  • A Redirection in FaithEC: His ideas were also different from Judaism (14) He was son of the Jewish godPeople believed he was the MessiahHe claimed his purpose was spiritual salvation for allEternal life to anyone who believed in himTaught of their gods loveJusticeEqualityMoralityService to othersForgivenesslove your enemies. If anyone hits you on one cheek, let him hit the other one, toolove your neighbor as yourself

  • Troubled JudeaMessiah: someone sent by the Jewish god to drive the Romans out of their lands. Jesus was born when Jews expected the messiah.Some Jews, called zealots, did not want to wait.They committed terrorist acts against the Romans. They were disunited. Jews who spoke or acted against Rome were arrested, tried, and persecuted.

  • Christianity formsAn apostle.Any of the 12 first followers of YShua sent forth to teach his ideas.

  • Christianity formsPaul:The apostle most responsible for the formation of the Christian Church.he had never met Jesus, he had a vision to seek Jesus out. Paul realized that Jesus message was not having an effect on most Jews. He decided to teach non-Jews (gentiles)Pauls ideas and teachings also become the basis for the Christian religion.

  • Christianity formsEC: Pauls teachings included: (2)Jesus died out of love for humankindThose who believed in Jesus as son of God would have spiritual salvation and have eternal life in Heaven.Tolerance:Belief that people should accept the differences of others and not be prejudiced. An important early Christian idea

  • Christianity spreadsEC: What made Christianity attractive? Romans began to respect Christians for their willingness to die for their beliefs. EC:martyrdom. Many respected the Judeo-Christian ethics system.Christianity respected the weak, sick, poor, and oppressedThe idea of love (happiness of cooperating, sharing, and supporting each other, even strangers)

  • Evolution of the ChurchEC: Slowly, an early Christian church developed (2)Christians believe in equalityCalled each other brother and sisterWomen had a strong role initiallyTeachersAdministrators

  • Review: Why are we studying these people?Their teachings dominate the second half of the Christian Bible, believed in by some billion people.Their teachings were the early ideas and versions of modern Western civilizationThey started the basic ideas of modern Western political/social thinking.GovernmentFairness/justiceEqualityMorals/ethicsLove (helping out ones fellow citizens

  • Church Organization EvolvesClergy:any person authorized to perform religious ceremonies and rites

  • Christian Diversity TodayChristianity was one basic church for about 1000 years.There was a split between the eastern and western church in 1054 CE.Orthodox Church (Greece, Russia)Roman Catholic Church (Italy, Western EuropeThe Catholic Church experienced a split around 1520.Roman Catholic ChurchVarious Protestant Christian Churches.

  • Homework and Notes

  • Troubled JudeaJesus got into trouble with powerful Jewish leaders in JerusalemHe threatenedcontrol of the religion money collected from believers.EC: A man authorized to teach Judaism to others is called a Rabbi

  • Text: p. 35, Standards checkQuestionThey were central to his teachingsGods love was to be shared between peoplelove your neighbor as yourselfLove for your enemy.

  • p. 35, Map Skills, 2.A. Russia, Germany, Denmark, Norway, Scotland, part of EnglandB. Spain, Sardinia, Sicily3.A.It uses 476 CE as the base date and 1050 as the date to measure how far Christianity and Islam had spread.B. 1.Christianity spread east and north from the territory of the former Roman Empire.2.Christian monasteries were established in many parts of Europe.

  • EC: Christianity EstablishesThe first kingdom to make Christianity its Church, in 301 CE, was..Armenia, 301 CEArmenian Apostolic Church

  • EC: Rome Accepts the ChristIn 313 CE, Roman Emperor, Constantine,changed Rome by publishing the Edict of Milan: (3)Allowed freedom of worshipConstantine converted to Christianity

  • Differences of OpinionEC: Church leaders argued about how the church should be run. This caused..The Great Schism, c 1000 CEEC: The Roman Christians in Greece continued as the..Eastern (Greek) Orthodox EC: The Roman Christians in Italy continued as the..Roman Catholic Church

  • Text, p. 37, Standards Check:QuestionJesus message had broad appealJewish roots attracted some JewsEthical principles attracted peopleEqualityFairness (justice)Paul used missionaries Paul incorporated Greek ideas into the religionAttracted educated Romans

  • p. 37, Jesus and his disciplesQuestion:The figure in the middle with an outstretched arm, because Jesus would have been depicted as a teacher and leader.

  • Text, p. 39, Standards CheckQuestionChurch officials.Owned large tracts of landGiving them power in the governmentServed in high government positionsThe Church controlled peoples spiritual lives.Religious mattersLawscourts

  • Eclectic ChristianityEC: An open-minded Christian philosopher, who believed reason (secular thought) and faith (religious thought) were both foundations in belief in their god, was.Thomas AquinasHis essays convinced similar-thinking people to accept new knowledge as part of Heavens plan.

  • A Western SystemEC: Because so many billions of people on Earth practice or know of the beliefs of the Jewish and Christian faiths, the shared heritage and beliefs are called theJudeo-Christian Tradition

  • Text, p. 39, Standards Check:QuestionThe BibleThe Torah (Old Testament)New Testament

  • Brief ResponseMake Comparisons In what ways was the philosophy of Stoicism (Ancient Greece) similar to Christianity?