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TAMIL NADU VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY VETERINARY COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE NAMAKKAL 637 002 AGB 608 SMALL FARM ANIMAL BREEDING

Term paper OnRABBIT BREEDS AND ECONOMIC TRAITS

SUBMITTED TO

DR. S. PANNEERSELVAM, Ph.D., PROFESSOR AND HEAD, DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL GENETICS AND BREEDING NAMAKKAL

SUBMITTED BY

A. RAMACHANDRANMVN 10001 (AGB)

DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL GENETICS AND BREEDING VETERINARY COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE NAMAKKAL 637 002

RABBIT BREEDSINTRODUCTION The domestic rabbit is descended from the wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), which originally occurred mainly in south-west Europe, but did not occur in central Europe. Some 2000 years ago the Romans kept rabbits in enclosure , 'leporaria', for their meat. This method was later also used in France and England; it served to meet the desire for hunting. The first wild rabbits came to Germany around 1300, and they were kept on the island of Amrum. Real domestication was completed in the Middle Ages, initially in France, by keeping them in enclosures. The first books on this animal species also appeared here. Domestic rabbits were kept in Germany from the middle of the twelfth century, i.e. before the wild form. They were still kept very extensively in enclosures. Soon after the animals became domesticated, the first different colours and forms appeared. At the end of the eighteenth century there were already several breeds, including the Angora rabbit and animals with lop ears. Currently there are about 80 breeds with approximately 200 colour strains, which can be divided into five groups depending on size and hair length. In addition, there are breeds which do not fit into the normal clas ification, as well as new breeds. Rabbits have a fairly long body. The neck is short, the head fairly long with long ears. Short tail, wool-covered and close to the body. Soft hair, varying in length. The individual breeds differ in colouring, size, form, and hair structure. There are dozens of different colours and colour combinations of white, grey, blue, yellow and black. Lop ears and Angora wool are prominent physical features of individual breeds. Adult rabbits weigh between 1 and 8 kg. They occur alJ over the world and are often feral. Insofar as rabbits are not kept for pleasure, they are mainly kept for meat. All large and medium-sized breeds are suitable for meat, especially the New Zealand, Chinchilla, Large Silver, Viennese and Aries rabbits.The pelts of Short-haired (Rex rabbits) and Fox rabbits are made into furs. The hair is used in hatting. The wool of the Angora rabbit make extremely soft, warm clothing. Rabbit dropppings are a valuable natural fertiliser in areas far from agriculture. The rabbit is one of the most frequently used animals for experin1ents. Dwarf rabbits are often kept as house pets, although it is often difficult to reconcile the different

Scientific classification Kingdom: :Animalia

Superphylum : Chordata Phylum: : Vertebrata

Class: Order: Family: Genera

Mammalia LagomorphaLeporidae

1. Pentalagus 2. Bunolagus 3. Nesolagus 4. Romerolagus 5. Brachylagus 6. Sylvilagus 7. Oryctolagus 8. Poelagus SECTION F - FANCY BREEDS No F.1 Angora F.2 Dutch F.3 Dutch Tri-coloured (R.V.) Breed No F.7 F.8 F.9 F.10 F.11 F.12 Breed Hare Belgian Hare Tan Harlequin Himalayan Lionhead Netherland Dwarf No F.13 F.14 F.15 F.16 F.17 F.18 Breed Polish Rhinelander (R.V.) Silver Tan Thrianta (R.V.) Tri-coloured English (R.V.)

F.4 English F.5 Flemish Giant F.6 Giant Papillon (R.V.) SECTION L - LOP BREEDS No L.1 Breed Lop Cashmere

No L.4

Breed Lop English Lop French Lop German

No L.7 L.8 L.9

Breed Lop Meissner (R.V.) Lop Miniature Lop Miniature Lion

L.2 Lop Cashmere Miniature L.5 L.3 Lop Dwarf L.6

NORMAL FUR BREEDS No N.1 N.2 N.3 N.4 N.5 N.6 N.7 N.8 N.9 N.10 Breed Alaska Argente Bleu Argente Brun Argente Crme Argente de Champagne Argente Noir Beige (R.V.) Beveren Blanc de Bouscat (R.V.) Blanc de Hotot (R.V.) No N.16 N.17 N.18 N.19 N.20 N.21 N.22 N.23 N.24 N.25 Breed Continental Giant coloured Continental Giant white Deilenaar (R.V.) Fox - Silver Golden Glavcot (R.V) Havana Hulstlander (R.V.) Lilac NZ White, black, blue NZ Red No N.31 N.32 N.33 N.34 N.35 N.36 N.37 N.38 N.39 N.40 Breed Siberian Smoke Pearl Squirrel (R.V.) Sussex (R.V.) Swiss Fox (R.V.) Thuringer (R.V.) Vienna Coloured (R.V.) Vienna White (R.V.) Wheaten (R.V.) Wheaten Lynx (R.V.)

N.11

Blanc de Termonde (R.V.)

N.26

Perlfee (R.V.)

N.41

Fauve de Bourgogne (R.V.)

N.12

British Giant

N.27

Pointed Beveren (R.V.) Siamese Sable - Marten Sable Sallander (R.V.)

N.42

Argente St Hubert

N.13 N.14

Californian Chinchilla

N.28 N.29

N.43

Miniature Satin

N.15

Chinchilla Giganta

N.30

Satin

REX BREEDS1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 General standard Self: black, blue, ermine, havana, lilac, nutria Shaded: sable siamese, seal siamese, smoke pearl, smoke pearl marten, tortoiseshell Tan pattern: fawn, fox, sable marten, seal marten, orange, otter, tan Agouti pattern:castor, chinchilla, cinnamon, lynx, opal Other varieties: dalmatian, harlequin, himalayan, silver seal, satin rex Rough coated: astrex Rough coated: opossum Mini rex Mini rex broken

(BRC et al) Classification of breeds based on body sizeBreed Weight Size Body Type Fur

American American Chinchilla American Fuzzy Lop American Sable Belgian Hare Beveren Blanc de Hotot Britannia Petite Californian Champagne dArgent Checkered Giant Cinnamon Creme dArgent Dutch Dwarf Hotot

10-11 lbs 9-11 lbs 3.5-3.75 lbs 8-9 lbs 6-9.5 lbs 8-11 lbs 8-11 lbs 2.5 lbs 8-10 lbs 9-11 lbs 11.5+ lbs 8-11 lbs 8-11 lbs 3-5 lbs 2.5-3 lbs

Large Large Small Medium Medium Large Large Small Large Large Giant Large Large Small Small

Semi Arch Commercial Compact Commercial Full Arch Semi Arch Commercial Full Arch Commercial Commercial Full Arch Commercial Commercial Compact Compact

Flyback Rollback Wool Rollback Flyback Rollback Rollback Flyback Flyback Flyback Flyback Flyback Flyback Flyback Rollback

Breed

Weight

Size

Body Type

Fur

English Angora English Lop English Spot Flemish Giant Florida White French Angora French Lop Giant Angora Gaint Chinchilla Harlequin Havana Himalayan Holland Lop Jersey Wooly Lilac Mini Lop Mini Rex Mini Satin Netherland Dwarf New Zealand Palomino Polish Rex Rhinelander Satin Satin Angora Silver Silver Fox Silver Marten Standard Chinchilla Tan Thrianta

6-9 lbs 9-10 lbs 6-8 lbs 13+ lbs 4-6 lbs 6-9 lbs 10.5-11 lbs 9-11 lbs 12-15 lbs 6.5-9 lbs 4.5-6 lbs 3-5 lbs 3-4 lbs 3-3.5 lbs 5.5-7.5 lbs 4.5-6 lbs 3-4.5 lbs 3-6 lbs 2-2.5 lbs 9-11 lbs 9-10 lbs 2.5-3.5 lbs 7-9 lbs 6-9 lbs 9-11 lbs 6-9 lbs 4-6 lbs 9-11 lbs 6-9 lbs 5-7 lbs 4-6 lbs 7-9 lbs

Medium Large Medium Giant Small Medium Large Large Giant Medium Small Small Small Small Medium Small Small Small Small Large Large Small Medium Medium Large Medium Small Large Medium Medium Small Medium

Compact Semi Arch Full Arch Semi Arch Compact Commercial Commercial Commercial Semi Arch Commercial Compact Cylindrical Compact Compact Compact Compact Compact Compact Compact Commercial Commercial Compact Commercial Full Arch Commercial Commercial Compact Commercial Commercial Compact Full Arch Compact

Wool Flyback Flyback Rollback Flyback Wool Flyback Wool Flyback Flyback Flyback Flyback Rollback Wool Rollback Rollback Rex Satin Rollback Flyback Flyback Flyback Rex Flyback Satin Wool Flyback Rollback Flyback Rollback Flyback Rollback

Weights: First off the weights are estimated, the fact of the matter is- some rabbits of the same breed grow to be different sizes than others. I also want to point out that I do not own every breed of rabbit, so much of the data displayed above is based upon research I have preformed. Size: Grouped the rabbit breeds listed above by size based upon the following standards: Small Medium Large Giant 2-6lbs 6-9lbs 11lbs 11 lbs +

The size groupings above are based upon estimated breed weight, not your individual animal(s). BREEDS AVAILABLE IN INDIA 1. Soviet Chinchilla This breed was evolved in erstwhile USSR. Adults weigh 4.5 to 5 kg. Though this breed is reared for meat its fur is a fancy in fur crafts. The Giant Chinchilla Rabbit is one of the few rabbit breeds that was created in America. Before the English breed known as the Chinchilla Giaganta, which incidentally, corresponds to the so called "Heavy-Weight" or American Chinchilla and not to be our own being exibited in shows throughout the Middle West. Now the breed is called the Million Dollar Rabbit.

2. Grey Giant This breed is also a native of erstwhile USSR. Adults weigh 4.5 to 5 kg. Due to the resemblance of its fur with that of hare, it is often mistaken as hare. It is also reared for meat and fur skin.

3. New Zealand Breed Three colours White Red Black Although, cross breeding can result in many different combinations of these three basic pigmentations. There are efforts with certificates of development on a blue and broken variety. The Red has bright golden red fur with a slightly harsher fat. One of the larger breed of rabbit, it can weight anywhere from 9 lb. to 12 lb (5 kg). New Zealands are a breed that makes a wonderful house pet. They may be easily litter trained, and are generally less destructive than some other breeds. "Bunny-proofing" the home should still be done with caution, however, since a bored bunny will still find things to chew on. Some adult New Zealands does can be more aggressive than males although not all females are aggressive. The aggressiveness is caused from not being spayed. 3. New Zealand White This breed was evolved in England. It