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Brassicaceae or Cruciferae “The Mustard Family” By Levi Eggermont

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Brassicaceae or Cruciferae. “The Mustard Family” By Levi Eggermont. Brassicaceae. Contains 348 genera and over 3000 taxa . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Brassicaceae or Cruciferae

BrassicaceaeorCruciferae

The Mustard Family

By Levi Eggermont

1BrassicaceaeContains 348 genera and over 3000 taxa.Most taxa of the Brassicaceae share a suite of glycosinolate compounds knows as 'mustard oils' that produce the pungent odor that one associates with 'cole' crops, such as cabbage and broccoli, and this can be useful for family recognition.

2Brassicaceae NotesHowever, the floral structure of this large and diverse family is quite distinctive, as are the fruits.

The perianth is biseriate with each whorl, the calyx and corolla, four-parted with no connation. Considered four-merous.

3Brassicaceae notesThe petals are usually positioned opposite one another and, on face view, the corolla forms a cross ('Cruciferae' = 'cross former').

The stamens are often tetradynamous (six stamens, two shorter than others) and the fruit is a bilocular capsule that appears to be derived, like other floral whorls, from a four-parted ancestry that followed an evolutionary path similar to that depicted (redrawn from G. H. M. Lawrence, Taxonomy of Vascular Plants) below:

4Brassicaceae notesWhatever the specific process, the resulting gynoecium of the Brassicaceae is bilocular with an unusal septum - the replum - that is probably derived from ancestral carpels.

5Brassicaceae notesThe replum is an excellent key character for the family because it tends to remain attached to the pedicel after fruit dehiscence. Many taxa of the family also show a common inflorescence type, a standard raceme.

6Cardamine concatenata

Cut-leaved toothwort7Distribution of Cardamine concatenata

8Alliaria petiolata

9Distribution of Allaria petilata

10Sourceshttp://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=display&classid=Brassicaceaehttp://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/family.pl?166http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassicaceaehttp://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CACO26http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/invasives/terrestrialplants/herbaceous/garlicmustard.htmlhttp://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/garlicmustard.shtmlVascular Plant Taxonomy 4th Edition, Dirk R. Walters, David J. Keil. P. 238 Manuel of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, Gleason and Chronquist. 1991. P. 191 11