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    Brain Breaks

    Ann Paulls-Neal

    John Baker Elementary School

    paulls@aps.edu

    mailto:paulls@aps.edumailto:paulls@aps.edu
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    Temperature Check

    Whos here

    PE/Health/Counselors/Administrators/

    Classroom Teachers

    Elementary/Secondary/Community

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    Temperature Check Contd

    Needs?

    Research

    Activities to take back

    Resources

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    The Relationship Between

    Learning and Activity/Fitness

    California Study

    Behaviour Trends

    Overview of Research

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    California Study

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    R e a d i n g

    M a th e m a tic s

    2001 Grade 5 SAT 9 and Physical Fitness

    SAT9Percen

    tile

    Number of Fitness Standards Achieved

    29

    36

    32

    40

    36

    454

    40

    5046

    58

    55

    71

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    California Study Contd

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    R e a d i n g

    M a th e m a tic s

    2001 Grade 7 SAT 9 and Physical Fitness

    SAT9Percentile

    Number of Fitness Standards Achieved

    2628

    3132

    3436

    441

    44

    50

    54

    60

    66

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    R e a d i n g

    M a th e m a tic s

    2001 Grade 9 SAT 9 and Physical Fitness

    SAT9Pe

    rcentile

    Number of Fitness Standards Achieved

    21

    35

    24

    38

    28

    43

    31

    51

    37

    58

    45

    67

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    Key Findings of the California

    Statewide Study Higher achievement was associated with higher levels of

    fitness at each of the three grade levels measured.

    The relationship between academic achievement andfitness was greater in mathematics than in reading,

    particularly at higher fitness levels. Students who met minimum fitness levels in 3 or more

    physical fitness areas showed the greatest gains inacademic achievement at all three grade levels.

    Females demonstrated higher achievement than males,particularly at higher fitness levels.

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    Behaviour Trends

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    Overview of Research

    The Relationship Between Physical Activity

    and Academic Performance or Brain

    Function

    Reid Bennett

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    YES! There is a relationship.

    Test Scores

    Brain Function

    Classroom Behavior Social Success/ Peer Interaction

    Psychological Well-being/ Stress Relief

    School Attendance Quality Physical Education Program

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    Overview of Research Contd

    Physical activity is good not only for the heart, but also

    for the brain, feeding it glucose and oxygen, and

    increasing nerve connections, all of which makes it

    easier for children of all ages to learn. Numerous

    studies show that children who exercise do better inschool. (Newsweek, 2/19/96)

    Beat awareness and beat comptency enhances the

    internal dialogue for better silent reading. (Weikart,

    Campbell, Campbell) Improved balance improves spatial skills needed to read

    letters from left to right on a page

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    Overview of Research Contd

    What makes us move is also what makes us think.

    Certain kinds of exercise can produce chemical

    alterations that give us stronger, healthier, and happier

    brains. A better brain is better equipped to think,

    remember, and learn. (A Users Guide to the Brain, Dr.John Ratey)

    Movement counteracts learned helplessness and causes

    positive learning states particularly for students with

    learning differences. (Jensen) People who are more aerobically fit have the fastest

    cognitive responses. (Van Praag)

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    Overview of Research Contd

    Movement is the bodys natural reward system. (Jensen)

    In a Canadian study, academic scores went up when physical

    education time was increased to one-third of the school day.

    (Vanves and Blanchard)

    Children who engage in daily physical education show superiormotor fitness, academic performance, and attitude toward school as

    compared to their counterparts who do not have physical education.

    (Pollatscek and Hagen)

    85% of school age children are natural kinesthetic learners.

    Teaching with more of the senses involved increases learning 63% Cross lateralization (crossing the midline) uses the same neural

    connections that the brain uses to read, write, spell, and process

    math (Blaydes)

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    Overview of Research Contd

    All things being equal, a physically active

    child will have an ADVANTAGE in

    learning and an inactive child is a a

    DISADVANTAGE for learning. (Hesslow)

    What does this mean for us?

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    A Quality Physical

    Education Program: Is developmentally appropriate.

    Promotes sensory stimulation for optimal growth anddevelopment and early cognitive function.

    Assists in perceptual and cognitive development.

    Improves the function of the central nervous, skeletal,muscular, cardiovascular, and metabolic systems of thebody.

    Enhances self-concept, self-esteem, and socialcompetence.

    Improves psycho-social functions. Prepares physically active children to become physically

    active adults.

    Is educational, motivational, and fun!!!

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    Integrating PE Into the Classroom

    and the Classroom into PE

    Movement Stories

    Fitness Spelling

    Dice Fitness

    Relays

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    Sensory Integration

    Overview of Implications

    Introduction to Stategies

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    Yoga + Physical EducationHOW COME WE DIDNT THINK OF THIS BEFORE?!

    o Easyits different, unknown, has challenges

    o Why we need to consider & implement this as a partof quality, standards-based PE:

    o Positive effect on student concentration & stress (Angus, 1989;Hopkins, 1979)

    o Improved behavior, self-esteem, academic focus, &fitness (Slovacek, Tucker, & Pantoja, 2003)

    o Reductions in aggression, helplessness

    o Increases in static balance & stress-coping (Stueck &Gloeckner, 2005)

    Yoga is a lifetime physical activity that provides both

    desired physical & mental benefits

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    Seated Spinal Twist

    Fierce Chair

    Plank

    Down DogWarrior II Triangle

    Locust

    Childs Pose

    Boat

    Forward bend

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    Next Steps

    What can you take back to school?

    Who do you need to convince?

    What help do you need?

    Whats your plan?

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    Resources

    Brain Breaks Resource List

    Websites:

    http://www.fit-4-kids.com

    http://www.actionbasedlearning.com

    http://www.pecentral.com

    http://www.beactivenc.org

    CDs:

    Rock N Roll Songs That TeachThe Learning Station

    Tony ChestnutThe Learning Station

    Seat WorksKimbo Educational

    Kids Books: One Hippo HopsJane Yolen

    Barnyard DanceSandra Boynton

    Marvin K. Mooney Wil l You Please Go NowDr. Seuss

    A Remainder of OneElinor Pinczes

    Jump, Kangaroo, JumpStuart Murphy

    Monkey See, Monkey Do (Book)Dana Regan

    Monkey See Monkey Do (Cards)Leslie Tryon

    Resource Books/DVDs:

    Teaching the Teen Brain (DVD)Action Based Learning

    How to Make Learning a Moving Experience (DVD)Action Based Learning

    Smart Moves Why Learning Is Not All In Your HeadCarla Hannaford Physical Activities for Improving Childrens Learning and Behavior A Guide to Sensory Motor DevelopmentCheatum and Hammond

    Brain-Based LearningEric Jensen

    Learning with the Body in MindEric Jensen

    Teaching with the Brain in MindEric Jensen

    Thinking On Your Feet 100+ Activities that Make Learning a. . . Moving Experience--Jean Blaydes Madigan

    Making the Connection: Health and Student Achievement (Powerpoint)--ASTHO

    http://www.fit-4-kids.com/http://www.actionbasedlearning.com/http://www.pecentral.com/http://www.beactivenc.org/http://www.beactivenc.org/http://www.beactivenc.org/http://www.pecentral.com/http://www.pecentral.com/http://www.actionbasedlearning.com/http://www.actionbasedlearning.com/http://www.fit-4-kids.com/http://www.fit-4-kids.com/http://www.fit-4-kids.com/http://www.fit-4-kids.com/http://www.fit-4-kids.com/http://www.fit-4-kids.com/