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  • Terre Travel Designer

    &

    Cooking Experience

    - SALENTO HOLIDAY PROPOSAL -

  • Salento

    History

    Salento is a sub-region of Italy which spreads in the south of Puglia, between Mar Ionio and Mar

    Adriatico.

    The peninsula salentina was called from the Greeks Messapia (Land between two seas) because

    Messapis lived there. In the course of centuries, the landscape was molded by Greeks, Romans,

    Byzantines, Normans and Aragonese as this borderland acquired increasing strategic and

    commercial importance . Each and every domination deeply affected the peninsula's landscape

    and the identity of these ancient builders can be traced both in the countryside and in all the

    towns.

    Dry walls, menhirs, dolmen, sighting promontories (the so-called specchie) and underground oil-

    mills are the most ancient evidence left by the Messapian people, an Illyrian-speaking population

    that settled in the Salento peninsula in the first millennium BC. The Messapians occupied a vast

    territory, known as Grecia Salentina, where traces of the ancient road network are still visible. This

    territory's extension was gradually reduced and now includes eight municipalities where is present

    a revival of the ancient local language, griko.

    Ancient cathedrals, stately homes, castles and watchtowers are marks of Norman (11th and 12th

    centuries) and Aragonese (13 and 15th centuries) occupation. These significantly altered the

    medieval social and political structures, but the peninsula's landscape is also the product of the

    peasants' daily toil as, for centuries, they unwearyingly worked an impervious and rocky soil,

    dotting the countryside with casedd, the distinctive tool sheds built with rocks cleared from the

    ground.

    The most typical feature of this agrarian culture are the tenant farms, born of the fragmentation of

    large landed estates, and equally distributed throughout the territory. Ever since the Middle Ages,

    the system based on tenant farms reflects the economical structure - ownership, cultivation and

    tenure of the land - that remained unchanged up to the 1950's. The architecture of these farms

    varies from modest country houses to properly fortified manors for the defense of inland regions.

    Around the second half of the 13th century, authority began to be displayed also in rural areas and

    some of these edifices were enriched with elaborate porticoes, balconies, belvederes, formal

    gardens stucco decorations and frescoes and became small gems of architecture.

    Salento culture and traditions

    The Barocco leccese' (Lecces baroque) is unique and it developed in the framework of the

    Counter-Reformation and the foundation of reformed religious orders (Theatine and Jesuits).

    Created in response to the Church's need to re-assert its authority, mainly through an ostentatious

    1

  • display of power. Its distinctive, autonomous, style can be found in the particular, imaginative and

    suggestive combination of architectural elements on the faade: porticoes, windows, balconies,

    loggias, gargoyles, corbels, festoons, columns and cornices crowded with human figures, flowers

    and animals. The expressiveness of these decorations overflows into the strictly religious areas

    and can be found also on altars, ciboria and calvaries.

    A good example is the Basilica of Santa Croce

    among the more interesting and elaborate

    religious edifices, featuring an extraordinary

    profusion of decorative elements, namely the

    corbels supporting the balcony (a typical

    element of Lecce's architecture) and the

    caryatids of the faade. Noteworthy, next to the

    Basilica, is Palazzo della Prefettura, but also

    Palazzo del Seminario, the churches of Santa

    Chiara, SS. Nicol and Cataldo (restructured) and

    del Rosario.

    A real Baroque gem is also piazza del Duomo which shows a particularly attractive synthesis of this

    style's main features.

    Figure 2 Piazza Duomo

    Baroque art and its decorative criteria were soon followed in the whole of the Salento peninsula,

    even in the smaller cities where the main monuments are no less significant than those in Lecce.

    This architectural style is so important and unique that the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and

    Activities of Lecce asked in 2006 to include Salento in the Unesco Heritage.

    Figure 1 Faade Basilica di Santa Croce

    2

  • Another unique characteristic of the peninsula salentina is the

    traditional dance of Pizzica or Taranta.

    In the past the population used to live in the country strictly in

    contact with the ground and the animals, in between spiders

    and especially the tarantola. Sometimes it happened that

    during the harvest people would feel bad and faint. The person

    bitted by the spider usually got in trance and he had no

    reaction except to the popular music. Thats why the traditional

    music started to be played to exorcize people bitted by the

    tarantula and thats the origin of the name.

    Now a days this dance is still very present and danced, also by

    very young persons. In the last 10 days it has become more

    important tanks to the summer festival (Notte della Taranta)

    promoted by the Assessorato alla Cultura.

    The destination Salento is also full of traditions linked with food and wine. This traditions are

    recognized also on a national level, in fact in Italy there are the DOC and DOP marks that give to a

    product the certification of high quality standard.

    In Salento there are a lot of products which have this marks:

    DOP (Denominazione di Origine Controllata/ )

    The extra virgin olive oil of outstanding quality and features is recognized by the DOP

    (Protected Designation of Origin), in Salento the DOP is assigned to the product Terra

    d'Otranto.

    DOC (Denominazione di origine controllata)

    Among the most distinctive wines, which bear the mark of origin DOC (Designation of

    controlled origin) in the south of Puglia there are:

    o Aleatico, introduced in Italy by the Greeks in ancient times,

    o the Negro Amaro, an old variety of unknown origin,

    o Malvasia Nera,

    o Salice Salentino,

    o Primitivo di Manduria.

    Traditional food products certification:

    Promoted by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry the requirement to be

    recognized as a Traditional Food Products (PAT) is to be obtained by methods of processing,

    preservation and maturing consolidated over time, uniform across the entire region, according

    to traditional rules for a period not less than twenty-five years.

    In Puglia there are 220 PAT products.

    Figure 3 Taranta dance

    3

  • Technical information

    Salento is easily achievable. In fact Lecce is only 45 Km far from Brindisi and 150 Km far from Bari.

    Figure 4 Puglia ports and airports

    Brindisi

    In Brindisi there is both an airport and a port. The airport provides national and international flight through low-cost and luxury air companies. National direct flight from and to Brindisi are:

    Destination Air Company Frequency

    Milano Malpensa Easyjet Every day, once a day

    Milano Linate

    Milano Orio al Serio Ryanair Each day, three times a day

    Roma Fiumicino

    Roma Ciampino Ryanair Every day, twice a day

    Venice Ryanair Four times a week, once a day

    Torino Ryanair Four times a week, once a day

    Bologna Ryanair Each day, two times a day

    Pisa Ryanair Every day, once a day

    Brussels Charleroi Ryanair Once a week, once a day

    Eindhoven Ryanair Once a week, once a day

    London Ryanair Four times a week, once a day

    Genve Easyjet Three times a week, once a day

    Zurich

    Paris Ryanair Twice a week, once a day

    Easyjet Three times a week, once a day

    Monaco

    4

  • Barcelona Ryanair Once a week, once a day

    Stockholm Ryanair Twice a week, once a day

    5

  • Terre / traveldesigner - Via S. Trinchese, 106 73100 Lecce - p.iva / cod. fisc. 0428940755 Tel. 0832.1816044 320.9252137 www.terretraveldesigner.it - info@terretraveldesigner.it

    Terre Travel Designer

    Terre Travel Designer is the first Tour Operator in Puglia specialized in exclusive luxury services for

    travellers wishing to expand their knowledge of the region using unique, tailored solutions that

    seek to unite passion, premium service and a constant attention to individual travel needs.

    We cater to travellers and tourism organizations wishing to enrich their participation through our

    services with the aim of ultimately creating a singular experience as well as improving the range of

    services on offer.

    Terre Travel Designer specializes in the creation of tailored itineraries for travellers who appreciate

    authenticity and originality, who seek to travel with the luxury of emotion and unique involvement

    backed up by personal attention and excellence, the result of direct experience by our consultants

    and a solid network of collaborators. One of our most appreciated collaboration is the one with

    Cooking Experience.

    Hospitality Terre Travel Designer selected the best accommodation structures in Puglia able to satisfy people

    that love originality. All of them have been tasted by our staff.

    We offer accommodation in seven different typology of infrastructures.

    Farms