boda-boda' associations in tanzania

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  • OpportunitiestoimproveroadsafetythroughbodabodaassociationsinTanzaniaFinalReport

    TomBishopandPeterAmosAmendTAN2015G/SC14069May2015

  • OpportunitiestoimproveroadsafetythroughbodabodaassociationsinTanzania

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    TheviewsinthisdocumentarethoseoftheauthorsandtheydonotnecessarilyreflecttheviewsoftheAfricaCommunityAccessPartnership(AFCAP)orCardnoEmergingMarkets(UK)Ltdforwhomthedocumentwasprepared

    CoverPhoto:PeterAmosinterviewingabodabodadriverinMwanza

    QualityassuranceandreviewtableVersion Author(s) Reviewer(s) DateFirstDraft TomBishopandPeterAmos 3rdApril2015

    AnnabelBradbury 8thApril2015 PaulStarkey 13thApril2015

    SecondDraft TomBishopandPeterAmos 1stMay2015 AnnabelBradbury 8thMay2015

    Final TomBishopandPeterAmos 14thMay2015 PaulStarkey 29thMay2015

    AFCAP/ASCAPProjectManagementUnitCardnoEmergingMarket(UK)LtdOxfordHouse,OxfordRoadThameOX92AHUnitedKingdom

  • OpportunitiestoimproveroadsafetythroughbodabodaassociationsinTanzania

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    AbstractThisisthefinalreportofthestudyintomotorcycletaxiassociationsinTanzania,identifyingopportunitiestoimprovesafetyandotherareasofoperation.ThenumbersofmotorcyclesandmotorisedtricyclesinTanzaniahasincreasedrapidlyinrecentyears,changingthefaceofaccessibilityandmobility.Inurbanareas,bothmotorcyclesandmotorisedtricyclesareusedtoavoidcongestion,oftenastaxis,andinruralareasmotorcyclesareoftentheonlyformofmotorisedtransportavailable.Theyprovideemploymentandbusinessopportunitiesfortensofthousandsofpeople.However,safetyisamajorconcern:thenumbersofmotorcycleandmotorisedtricyclerelateddeathsandinjurieshasincreasedasthenumberofmotorcyclesandmotorisedtricyclesoperatinginthecountryhasincreased.TheGovernmenthasidentifiedthatopportunitiesexisttoaddresssafetyconcernsthroughregulation,includingthroughencouragingtheformationofassociationsofmotorcycleandmotorisedtricycletaxidrivers,andempoweringtheassociationstoselfregulateandthusimprovethesafetyrelatedbehaviourofmembers.ThroughinvestigationsinDaresSalaam,Kilimanjaro,MwanzaandPwani,wehavedeveloped,andpresentinthisreport,aseriesofguidelinesformotorcycleandmotorisedtricycletaxiassociationsandrecommendationsforGovernmentandotherstakeholders.

    KeywordsAssociation,bajaji,bodaboda,motorcycle,motorisedtricycle,regulation,SUMATRA

    AFRICACOMMUNITYACCESSPARTNERSHIP(AFCAP)ProvidingsolutionsforsafeandsustainableruralaccessacrossAfricaAFCAPisaresearchprogramme,fundedbyUKAid,withtheaimofpromotingsafeandsustainableruralaccessforallpeopleinAfrica.AFCAPsupportsknowledgesharingbetweenparticipatingcountriesinordertoenhancetheuptakeoflowcost,provensolutionsforruralaccessthatmaximisetheuseoflocalresources.TheAFCAPprogrammeismanagedbyCardnoEmergingMarkets(UK)Ltd.

    Seewww.afcap.org

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    Acronyms,UnitsandCurrenciesAFCAP AfricaCommunityAccessPartnershipCardnoITT CardnoITTransportCHAWAPILA ChamachaWaendeshaPikipikiWilayayaIlalaCHABBOWIKI ChamachaWaendeshaBajaji naBodabodaWilayayaKinondoniCBO CommunityBasedOrganisationCDO CommunityDevelopmentOfficerCWBK ChamachaWaendeshaBodabodaMkoawaKilimanjaroIRAT ImprovingRuralAccessinTanzaniaRTI RoadTrafficInjurySACCOS SavingsandCreditCooperativeSocietySUMATRA SurfaceandMaritimeTransportRegulatoryAuthorityTRA TanzaniaRevenueAuthorityTsh TanzanianShillings.(USD1=approxTsh1,800)UKAid UnitedKingdomAid(DepartmentforInternationalDevelopment,UK)UWAPITE UmojawaWaendeshaPikipikiTemekeUWP UmojawaWaendeshaPikipikiMkoawaMwanzaVETA VocationalEducationandTrainingAuthorityWHO WorldHealthOrganization

  • OpportunitiestoimproveroadsafetythroughbodabodaassociationsinTanzania

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    ContentsAbstract 3Keywords 3Acronyms,UnitsandCurrencies 4

    1 Executivesummary..........................................................................................................82 Background......................................................................................................................92.1 Context 92.2 Researchprojectbackground 92.3 Researchobjectives 10

    3 Methodologyanddeliverables.......................................................................................113.1 Projectactivities 113.1.1 Task1:Preparationofdatacollectionmethodology 113.1.2 Task2:ReviewofSUMATRARegulationsrelatedtomotorcycletaxis 113.1.3 Task3:Investigationsintobestpracticeamongbodabodaassociations 113.1.4 Task4:Investigationsintobodabodaassociationsinruralareas 123.1.5 Task5:Presentationoffindings 123.1.6 Task6:Disseminationofresults 12

    3.2 Deliverables 124 MotorcyclesandmotorisedtricyclesinTanzania............................................................134.1 TypesofmotorcyclesandmotorisedtricyclesinTanzania 134.1.1 Pikipiki 134.1.2 Bodaboda 134.1.3 Bajaji 144.1.4 Toyo 15

    4.2 Growthinnumbers 154.3 Keyissues 164.3.1 Increasedaccessibilityandmobility 174.3.2 Employmentandincomeopportunities 174.3.3 Roadsafety 174.3.4 Perceivedinvolvementincriminalactivity 20

    5 Regulationofmotorcyclesandmotorisedtricycles.........................................................225.1 Keyclausesofthe2010Regulations 225.2 ObservationsontheRegulations 245.3 UptakeofRoadServiceLicencessinceintroductionof2010Regulations 245.4 Announcementofstricterenforcementin2014 25

    6 Investigationsintobestpracticeamongbodabodaassociations....................................266.1 MotorcyclerelateddeathsandinjuriesinKilimanjaro,DaresSalaamandMwanza 266.2 Existenceofassociations 286.3 Membershipconditions,feesandrules 286.4 Membershipbenefits 296.5 Issuesfacedbyregisteredbodabodaassociations 296.6 AwarenessofSUMATRAandTRARegulations 306.7 Opinionsofassociationmembers 30

    7 Investigationsintobodabodaassociationsinruralareas...............................................327.1 Existenceofassociations 327.2 Membershipconditions,feesandrules 327.3 Membershipbenefits 337.4 Issuesfacedbyruralbodabodaassociations 347.5 AwarenessofSUMATRAandTRARegulations 347.6 Opinionsofruralassociationmembers 34

    8 Experiencefromelsewhere............................................................................................368.1 MotorcycletaxisbannedfromenteringMonrovia,Liberia 368.2 RiotsoverahelmetlawinChad 36

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    8.3 Researchintothecausesofmotorcyclecrashes 379 Guidelinesandrecommendations..................................................................................389.1 Guidelinesforbodabodaassociations 389.1.1 Appointgoodleaders 389.1.2 Ensurefinancesarewellmanaged 389.1.3 DevelopastrongrelationshipwithTrafficPoliceandlocalofficials 399.1.4 AlignruleswithSUMATRAregulations 399.1.5 Encourageownershipofbodabodasandbajajis 399.1.6 Encouragedriverstoundertaketrainingandobtainlicences 399.1.7 Encouragedriverstoobtainthirdpartyinsurance 409.1.8 Informthegeneralpublicofthebenefitsofusingassociationdrivers 40

    9.2 Recommendationsforgovernmentandotherstakeholders 409.2.1 ReviewmechanismforimplementingexistingRegulations 409.2.2 Carefullyconsiderpotentialnegativeimpactofregulation 419.2.3 Encouragethedevelopmentofruralbodabodaassociations 419.2.4 Undertakefullconsultationandcommunication 429.2.5 Provideguidanceforestablishingandmanagingassociations 429.2.6 EnsureTrafficPolicecooperationwithassociations 429.2.7 Reviewsystemsfortraining,testingandlicensing 439.2.8 Pilotandevaluatepublicawarenesscampaigns 439.2.9 Evaluateeffectivenessofimplementingregulationsthroughassociations 439.2.10 Pilottheguidelinesforbodabodaassociations 439.2.11 ApplythelessonslearnedinTanzaniatoothercountries 44

    10 References.....................................................................................................................45AppendixA:InvestigationsinKilimanjaro..............................................................................47CWBKbodabodaassociation 47CWBKRegionalAssociation 47CWBKBranches 47

    Membershipconditions 47Benefitsformembers 48Associationregulationsandenforcement 48Issuesfacedbyassociations 48AwarenessofSUMATRAandTRAregulations 49

    AppendixB:InvestigationsinDaresSalaam..........................................................................50BodabodaassociationsinDaresSalaam 50UWAPITE 50CHAWAPILA 50CHABBOWIKI 50

    Membershipconditions 51Benefitsformembers 51Associationregulationsandenforcement 51Issuesfacedbyassociations 52AwarenessofSUMATRAandTRAregulations 52

    AppendixC:InvestigationsinMwanza...................................................................................53BodabodaassociationsinMwanzaRegion 53UWPbodabodaassociation 53Kabangajabodabodaassociation 53Sangabuyebodabodaassociation 53Nyafulabodabodaassociation 53Kayenzebodabodaassociation 54

    Membershipconditions 54Benefitsformembers 54Associationregulations,enforcementandpunishments 54

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    Issuesfacedbyassociations 55AwarenessofSUMATRAandTRAregulations 56

    AppendixD:InvestigationsinPwani......................................................................................57BodabodaassociationsinPwaniRegion 57Talawandabodabodaassociation 57Msinunebodabodaassociation 57BagoPowerbodabodaassociation 57Chotambalabodabodaassociation 57

    Membershipconditions 57Benefitsformembers 58Associationregulations,enforcementandpunishments 58Issuesfacedbyassociations 58AwarenessofSUMATRAandTRAregulations 59ReasonsforthedisbandingofChotambala 59

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    1 ExecutivesummaryTherecentinfluxofaffordablemotorcyclesandmotorisedtricyclesintoTanzaniaiscreatingarevolutioninmobilityandaccessibility.Journeysthatwerepreviouslymadebyfootorbicycle,orweresimplynotmade,arenowbeingmadebymotorcycleormotorisedtricycle.ThenumberofmotorcyclesinTanzaniaincreasedfromjustafewthousandin