Bless Me Ultima
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DESCRIPTIONBless Me Ultima. Rudolfo Anaya. Activating Strategy. What are some places you lived/visited in (cities, states, countries, lakes, wilderness area, etc.)? Which places are your favorite? Why? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Bless Me UltimaRudolfo Anaya What are some places you lived/visited in (cities, states, countries, lakes, wilderness area, etc.)? Which places are your favorite? Why? When you think about some of these places, do you associate them with calmness? A homey feeling? Excitement? Boredom? Beauty? Activating Strategy
Literary GenreMagical Elements blend with the real worldOriginated in Latin AmericaJose Luis Borges-La HistoriaExamples of MR plotsCharacter stays alive longer than feasibleMagical abilitiesUnexplainable ties between characters or characters/placesMagical RealismHybridity (Creating a hybrid)Illustrated in the inharmonious arenas of such opposites as urban and rural, and Western and indigenous. The plots of magical realist works involve issues of borders, mixing, and change. Irony re: Authors Perspective The writer must have ironic distance from the magical world view for the realism not to be compromised, but he must strongly respect the magic, or else the magic dissolves into simple folk belief or complete fantasy.
http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/MagicalRealism.htmlCharacteristics of Magical RealismAuthors establish these plots to reveal a crucial purpose of magical realism: a more deep and true reality than conventional realist techniques would illustrate. This technique promotes acceptance in magical realism. In magical realism, the simple act of explaining the supernatural would eradicate its position of equality regarding a persons conventional view of reality. Because it would then be less valid, the supernatural world would be discarded as false testimony. 4Authorial Reticence Authorial reticence refers to the lack of clear opinions about the accuracy of events and the credibility of the world views expressed by the characters in the text. Supernatural and Natural The supernatural is not displayed as questionable. While the reader realizes that the rational and irrational are opposite and conflicting, they are not disconcerted because the supernatural is integrated within the norms of the fictional world.
http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/MagicalRealism.htmlCharacteristics of Magical RealismAuthors establish these plots to reveal a crucial purpose of magical realism: a more deep and true reality than conventional realist techniques would illustrate. This technique promotes acceptance in magical realism. In magical realism, the simple act of explaining the supernatural would eradicate its position of equality regarding a persons conventional view of reality. Because it would then be less valid, the supernatural world would be discarded as false testimony. 5Each group has information that will help us understand Bless Me Ultima.Read/Skim your set of information.Create a poster with the important information for the class.Be ready to present it in 30 minutes.Jig Saw
ArchetypesArchetype - Greek meaning original pattern, or model. They reflect universal characteristics of human experience. They apply to all people, regardless of time or culture. Example:Quest = LifeLong Trips = Finding yourselfChoosing a Path = Choosing a direction in life7
ArchetypesThe legend of the golden carp (79-81) Archetype of the forbidden fruit (80)I do not fish for the carp, Tony tells Samuel. It is bad luck (79).Archetype of the forbidden fruit (108-9)Archetype of la llorona (118-9)Tony feels responsible for warning the town that their sins will result in all of the residents drowning (119).The archetype of modernization: The fate of the vaqueros (125)
MoreArchetypes moreLoss of innocence (archetype) Tony continues to follow Narciso, thinking to himself, I had somehow lost my innocence and let sin enter into my soul, and the knowledge of God, the saving grace, was far away (167).More
Father v. MotherGabriels beliefsFreethinker: Vaqueros not very religious (29). The church is too controlling. Priests are feminine. Gabriel is compared to the devil (31).Life gives strength, helps a boy become a man.MoreMaras beliefsDevout Catholic: Lunas were led to their valley by a priest (29). The church is the center of the community. Life destroy a boys innocence, the purity given by God (30-1).SymbolsWater: birth-death-resurrection; creation; purification and redemption; fertility and growth.Sea/ocean: the mother of all life; spiritual mystery; death and/or rebirth; timelessness and eternity.Rivers: death and rebirth (baptism); the flowing of time into eternity; transitional phases of the life cycle. Sun (fire and sky are closely related): creative energy; thinking, enlightenment, wisdom, spiritual vision.Rising sun: birth, creation, enlightenment.Setting sun: death.
MoreMore12This view of the Pecos is hundreds of miles downstream from Santa Rosa, in Texas.
The RiverRio Pecos What does the river symbolize? Tony admits, I had been afraid of the awful presence of the river But the innocence which our isolation sheltered could not last forever, and the affairs of the town began to reach across our bridge and enter my life (15). Later, he witnesses a mans death on the banks of the river (21-3).Compromise between mother and father: The location of their homeMoreMore13This view of the Pecos is hundreds of miles downstream from Santa Rosa, in Texas.Motifs in the novelA recurrent thematic element in an artistic or literary work.
OwlRepresents Ultimas life force and religious mysticismDreamsAntonios dreams show how his character changes.At first about destiny, later about more grown up things like morality
Virgin of GuadalupeRepresent forgiveness, understanding, and the resolution of cultural conflictGolden CarpRepresents religious mysticism not related to the Catholic churchFamilyAntonios identityUnderscores moral independence
In groups of 2, work to complete the thematic information about symbols and themes in the book on page 2 of your study guide.Possible themes include (but are not limited to:)
Partner Work Moral Independence Effects of Culture on Identity Innocence to Experience/Coming of Age Mans and Nature Quest for Understanding Choosing Your Own Path Collective Nature of all Mankind Faith and Religion Modernization versus culture
Moral IndependenceEffects of Culture on IdentityInnocence to Experience/Coming of AgeMans Connection to NatureQuest for UnderstandingChoosing Your Own PathCollective Nature of all MankindFaith and ReligionModernization versus cultureThemes
Mans destruction of the natural world Tony finds out about atomic testing at White Sands, New Mexico, and about the destruction of the llano by modern machinery (190-2).MoreDreamsDream #1 The night of Tonys birth, and the argument between the Lunas and the Vaqueros (5-6).Dream #2 In this nightmare, Antonio sees his three brothers, who tell him what they think his destiny will be (25-6).Dream #3 Tony meets the Virgin (45).Dream #4 In the dream Tony describes his brothers as dying even though he already knows the war is over and they are coming home (61).Dream #5 Loss of innocence (archetype) as Tony dreams about his brothers visiting Rosies (70-1).
More dreamsDream #6 Mara, Gabriel, and Ultima all appear in Tonys dream about a great lake and the destruction of the village (119-21).Dream #7 Tony sees Ultimas face in a witchs coffin (140).Dream #8 The dream begins with Tony begging a wrathful, cruel God for mercy, but he is forsaken, his hands bloodied (172-4). The devil-worshipers kill everyone Tony cares about, but the golden carp returns and brings rebirth (174-6).
Veinte y VeintiunoDream #9: Tony dreams again of his three brothers, who seem lost, like tortured, lost ghosts. They call to him for help, and he obliges them (235).
MoreMore dreams and themeseDream #10 Tony is visited by Lupito, Narciso and Florence. Everything I believed in was destroyed (244).The sadness of life: When Tony is about to leave for the summer, Ultima tells him, Life is filled with sadness when a boy grows to be a man Be prepared to see things changed when you return (245).More
Always have the strength to live. Love life, and if despair enters your heart, look for me in the evenings when the wind is gentle and the owls sing in the hills. I shall be with you (261).More
Sometime in the future I would have to build my own dream out of those things that were so much a part of my childhood (261).World ReligionsIntro to:Definitions Page 30MythsLegendsEpicsHymns, prayers, and psalmsWisdom literatureProverbsParablesFolk TalesAllusionsAn allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth or work of art. It is left to the reader or listener to make the connection. TypesBiblical Christian BibleHistorical factual eventsClassical from Greek or Roman mythology26
SummeriansInvented WritingAkkadiansWorlds 1st EmpireBabyloniansCode of Hammurabi1st lawsAssyriansDestroyed Israel /Early LibraryNeo-BabyloniansCaptured Remaining JewsEgyptiansEarly Facts about LiteratureEarly tokens used for writing as early as 8000 BCSumerians cuneiformMesopotamian literatureGilgamesh epicEgyptians hieroglyphicsRosetta Stone broke the code Dead Sea Scrolls oldest surviving sections of the Bible.
Getting StartedGet a brown World Literature book.Read pgs. 22-23 taking notes on important information.Be prepared to discuss.
Trace their history to AbrahamHebrew cross overExodus Moses took the Israelites back to Canaan.Kings to Know Saul, David, SolomonDivided Kingdom Israel and JudahCenter of Temple Holy of Holies contained the Ark of the CovenantPsalm song sung to teach, worship, or to informMajor Text TorahType of Writing HebrewAfterlife Different Beliefs. gathered to their people
Then we get to Hebrew Literature