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<ul><li><p>The Road Not TakenReflections on African American History </p><p>Sundra Kincey, Doctoral CandidateEducational Leadership and Policy StudiesOffice of Minority Affairs PresentationFlorida State UniversityFebruary 23, 2006</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Carter G. Woodson1875 - 1950Founder of Negro History Week(now Black History Month)</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Frederick Douglass (1817 1895) Abolitionist, orator and writer who fought against slavery and for women's rights. Douglass was the first African-American citizen appointed to high ranks in the U.S. government. </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*The First Black VoteThough there would be still so many rivers to cross and mountains to climb, this was indeed a glorious, inspiring, landmark event. We can sense the many years this gray-haired man has waited for this moment to cast his ballot. In line are others, including a military man. HARPER'S WEEKLY, November 16, 1867 </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Booker T. Washington1856-1915 Founder of Tuskegee Normal School in Alabama(now Tuskegee University) </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*George Washington Carver(1864-1943) American scientist, educator, humanitarian, and former slave. Carver developed hundreds of products from peanuts, sweet potatoes, pecans, and soybeans; his discoveries greatly improved the agricultural output and the health of Southern farmers. </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*W.E.B. DuBois1868 -1963 First African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard UniversityCo-Founder of the NAACP</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Martin Luther King, Jr.1929-1968 </p><p>National leader of the civil rights movement, leading boycotts and staging protests against segregation in the South. </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Coretta Scott King1927-2006Widow of slain civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Founder of Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Malcolm X 1925-1965World renowned African American/Pan-Africanist and human rights activist </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Thurgood Marshall(1908 1993)First African American elevated to U.S. Supreme Court (1967-1991) </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Colin PowellBorn 1937 First African American to serve as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Sojourner Truth1797-1883 Nationally known speaker on human rights for slaves and women </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Harriet Tubman(1820 - 1913) Devoted her life to fighting slavery, helping slaves and ex-slaves, and championing the rights of women. An incredibly brave woman, she was known as the "Moses of her people." Conductor for the Underground Railroad who helped slaves flee to freedom in the North </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Mary McLeod Bethune1875-1955Founder of Bethune-Cookman College </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Zora Neale Hurston1891-1960 A novelist, folklorist, and anthropologist </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Rosa Parks1913-2005"mother of the civil rights movement" </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Shirley Chisholm(1924 - 2005) First African-American woman elected to the US Congress. During her long political career, she fought for the rights of women and minorities. </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Bessie Coleman(1893-1926) First black female pilot and the first woman to receive an international pilot's license.</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Mae C. JemisonNASA Astronaut (former) First African-American Woman in Space </p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Oprah WinfreyFirst African-American woman to reach billionaire status</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li><li><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p><p>*Black History:Yesterday, Today, and TomorrowThank You!</p><p>Black History Month S. Kincey02/23/06</p></li></ul>