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DESCRIPTIONBioRDF Breakout. Introduction Kei Cheung Mage-tab Michael Miller vOID Jun Zhao (remote) aTag Matthias Samwald (remote) Discussion All. BioRDF Breakout: Microarray Use Case. Kei Cheung, Ph.D. Associate Professor Yale Center for Medical Informatics. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
BioRDF BreakoutIntroduction Kei CheungMage-tab Michael MillervOID Jun Zhao (remote)aTag Matthias Samwald (remote)Discussion All
BioRDF Breakout: Microarray Use CaseKei Cheung, Ph.D.Associate Professor Yale Center for Medical InformaticsHCLS IG Face-to-Face Meeting, Santa Clara, California, November 2-3, 2009
IntroductionWhole-genome expression profiling has created a revolution in the way we study disease and basic biology. DNA microarrays allow scientists to quantify thousands of genomic features in a single experimentSince 1997, the number of published results based on an analysis of gene expression microarray data has grown from 30 to over 5,000 publications per year Major public microarray data repositories have been created in different countries (e.g., NCBI GEO, EBI ArrayExpress, and CIBEX)
An Example of differentially expressed genes
Importance of Integrating Microarray DataDue to the high cost and low reproducibility of many microarray experiments, it is not surprising to find a limited number of patient samples in each study, Very few common identified marker genes among different studies involving patients with the same disease. It is of great interest and challenge to merge data sets from multiple studies to increase the sample size, which may in turn increase the power of statistical inferences. The integration of external information resources is essential in interpreting intrinsic patterns and relationships in large-scale gene expression data
Microarray Data StandardsMGEDMIAMEMAGE-MLMAGE-TAB
Some ExamplesJoint analysis of two microarray gene-expression data sets to select lung adenocarcinoma marker genes (Jiang et al. 2004 BMC Bioinformatics)Large-scale integration of cancer microarray data identifies a robust common cancer signature (Xu et al. 2007 BMC Bioinformatics)What about neurosciences?
Access to and Use of Microarray data in NeuroscienceNIH Neuroscience Microarray ConsortiumPublic repositories such as GEO and ArrayExpress (including data generated from neuroscience microarray experiments)Brain atlases (e.g., Allen Brain Atlas and GenSAT)
Ontology-Based IntegrationMicroarray experiment 1Microarray experiment 2
Example Federated Queries Retrieve a list of differentially expressed genes between different brain regions (e.g., hippocampus and entorhinal cortex) for normally aged human subjects. Retrieve a list of differentially expressed genes for the same brain region of normal human subjects and AD patients. Using these lists of genes one can issue (federated) queries to retrieve additional information about the genes for various types of analyses (e.g., GO term enrichment).
Microarray Experiment DescriptionsE-GEOD-3296 Transcription profiling of primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) from C57B1/6x129/Sv F2 e14.5 embryos that contain a deletion in the CH1 domain of three of four alleles of CBP and p300The CH1 protein interaction domain of the transcriptional coactivators p300 and CBP is thought to interact with HIF-1alpha and this interaction is thought to be critical to the expression of HIF-1alpha target genes in response to hypoxia. Trichostatin A (TSA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylases, has been reported to repress the expression of HIF-1alpha target genes. To test the requirement of the CH1 domain and TSA for gene expression in response to dipyridyl (a hypoxia mimetic), primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were generated from C57Bl/6x129/Sv F2 e14.5 embryos that contain a deletion in the CH1 domain of three of four alleles of CBP and p300. The remaining allele of p300 or CBP was a conditional knock out allele. Control MEFs with only a single conditional knockout allele of p300 or CBP were also generated. At passage 3 MEFs were infected with Cre Adenovirus and grown until they had expanded at least 100 fold. Subconfluent MEFs were treated with ethanol vehicle or 100ng/ml TSA with 5% carbon dioxide at 37 C in a humid chamber for 30 min., followed by ethanol vehicle or 100 umdipyridyl (DP) for an additional 3hrs. Immediately after treatment, cells were lysed in Trizol for RNA extraction.
E-GEOD-3327 Transcription profiling of different regions of mouse brain to study adult mouse gene expression patterns in common strains.Adult mouse gene expression patterns in common strains. Experiment Overall Design: six mouse strains and seven brain regions were analyzed
E-GEOD-358 Transcription profiling of rat whole brain samples from animals with repeated exposure to the anaesthetic isoflurane12 Controls, 3 5-exposures, 3 10-exposures. Rats were exposed to 90 minutes of 1.0% isoflurane twice a day for a total of 5 or 10 exposures. Animals did not require intubation. All exposures and hybridizations were performed at the Univ. of Pennsylvania
Open Biomedical Annotator
Some ResultsTwo microarray experiments (E-GEOD-4034, E-GEOD-4035) contain the following set of terms: fear, hippocampus, mouse. These microarray experiments study the role of hippocampus in fear using mouse as the model.
Intercommunity collaborationHCLS (BioRDF)MGED (ArrayExpress)NIF (NeuroLex)Ontology community (NCBO)
Web of silos
Semantic Web = Brilliant Web!
DiscussionWhat is the RDF structureExtension of SPARQL to empower data analysisWorkflow and provenanceVisualizationHow to integrate database and literatureIntegration of other types of dataInter-community collaborationTranslational use cases
What should be the RDF structure?ExperimentsSamplesExperimental conditions/factorsGene listsArrays/chips Raw/processed data (e.g., CEL, GPR, gene matrix)
Extension of SPARQLHierarchical queriesStatistical analyses/testsEnrichment analysis
Workflow and provenanceTavernaBiomobyGenepattern
How to integrate database and literature
Inter-community Collaboration NCBOSWAN
What other types of data can be integrated with microarray data
Translational use cases