bicsi 002 / tia-942 / uptime

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  • www.isaaktech.com

    BICSI002/TIA942/UptimeWhichDataCenterStandard

    ShouldIFollow

    PhilIsaak,PE,P.Eng.,RCDD,DCDCPresident,MasterInstructor

    IsaakTechnologiesInc.

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Standards WhoarethesePeople PowerStandards

    Distribution&Grounding NetworkStandards

    Protocols ITHardwareManufacturers

    MediaStandards CablingManufacturers

    Design&InstallationStandards EndUsers,Contractors,Consultants,Manufacturers

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Uptime TIA BICSI

    OpenIndustryStandard NOT VendorNeutral

    ANSI/TIA942A(2012)TelecommunicationsInfrastructureStandard

    forDataCenters118pages

    ANSI/BICSI0022011DataCenterDesignandImplementation

    BestPractices392pages

    UptimeInstitute(2010)DataCenterSiteInfrastructure

    TierStandard:Topology12pages

    OpenIndustryStandard VendorNeutral

    ForProfitPrivatelyHeld NOT aStandard

  • www.isaaktech.com

    ANSICertifiedStandardRequirements

    Openness: Participationshallbeopentoallpersonswhoaredirectlyandmateriallyaffectedbytheactivityinquestion.

    LackofDominance:Thestandardsdevelopmentprocessshallnotbedominatedbyanysingleinterestcategory,individualororganization.

    Balance:Participantsfromdiverseinterestcategoriesshallbesoughtwiththeobjectiveofachievingbalance.

  • www.isaaktech.com

    BICSISubjectMatterExpertsMorethan150subjectmatterexpertsfromaroundtheworldparticipatedindevelopingthestandard.

    Perspectives: DataCenterManagers DataCenterOperators Consultants Contractors RiskAssessors Manufacturers CommissioningAgents

    Expertise: FacilityEngineers/Architects ITEngineers/Architects SystemAdministrators Telecommunications Security FireProtection ProjectManagers

  • www.isaaktech.com

    ANSI/BICSI0022011Providesareferenceofcommonterminologyanddesignpracticesaframeworkfordeterminingtherecommendedfacilityandtechnologyredundancytomeettheoperationalrequirements,achieveITobjectives

    andtodevelopoptimumdesign&implementationsolutions

    UptimeTiersOnlydatacenterbenchmarkingsystemdevelopedbyandfordatacenterowners,notachecklist,designmenu,orcookbook

    Source:UptimeInstitute:TierClassificationSystem&OperationalSustainabilitypresentedbyDanaSmith,DirectorofDevelopment,UptimeInstituteatBICSIAndino 2012

    DesignGuidevs Benchmarking

  • www.isaaktech.com

    UptimeBenchmarks

    UptimeInstitute TierI TierII TierIII TierIV

    ScheduledOutages/Year 2x12hrs 1x12hrs None None

    AveFailures/Year(4hrs/failure) 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0

    AveAnnualDowntimeHours 28.8 22 1.6 0.8

    Availability 99.67% 99.75% 99.98% 99.99%

    **Basisisontop10%ofsitesasdeterminedbyUptimeInstituteBenchmarking**

  • www.isaaktech.com

    ComparingtheStandards TIA942Achapters (normative)

    Datacenterdesignoverview Datacentercablingsysteminfrastructure Datacentertelecommunicationsspaces&relatedtopologies Datacentercablingsystems Datacentercablingpathways Datacenterredundancy

    TIA942Aannexes (informative) Cablingdesignconsiderations Accessproviderinformation Coordinationofequipmentplanswithotherengineers Datacenterspaceconsiderations Datacentersiteselectionandbuildingdesignconsiderations Datacenterinfrastructuretiers Datacenterdesignexamples

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Spaceplanning Siteselection Architectural Structural Electricalsystems Mechanical Fireprotection

    BICSI002annexes Designprocess Reliabilityandavailability

    Security Buildingautomationsystems Telecommunications Informationtechnology Commissioning Datacentermaintenance

    BICSI002sections

    ComparingtheStandards

  • www.isaaktech.com

    ANSI/BICSI0022011

    ComprehensiveDataCenterStandard

  • www.isaaktech.com

    MethodologytoDefineReliability

    DefineOperationalRequirements

    AnnualPlannedDowntime

    OperationalLevel

    > 400hrs 0

    100 400hrs 1

    50 99hrs 2

    0 49hrs 3

    0hrs 4

  • www.isaaktech.com

    MethodologytoDefineReliability

    DefineOperationalRequirements

    Minutes Numberof9s

    >5,000 >99%

    500 5,000 99% 99.9%

    50 500 99.9% 99.99%

    5 50 99.99% 99.999%

    0.5 5 99.999% 99.9999%

    DefineAvailabilityRequirements

  • www.isaaktech.com

    MethodologytoDefineReliability

    DefineOperationalRequirements

    Description ClassificationLocalinscope,affectingonlyasinglefunctionoroperation,resultinginaminordisruptionordelayinachievingnoncriticalorganizationalobjectives.

    Isolated

    Localinscope,affectingonlyasinglesite,orresultinginaminordisruptionordelayinachievingkeyorganizationalobjectives.

    Minor

    Regionalinscope,affectingaportionoftheenterpriseorresultinginamoderatedisruptionordelayinachievingkeyorganizationalobjectives.

    Major

    Multiregionalinscope,affectingamajorportionoftheenterpriseorresultinginamajordisruptionordelayinachievingkeyorganizationalobjectives.

    Severe

    Affectingthequalityofservicedeliveryacrosstheentireenterprise,orresultinginasignificantdisruptionordelayinachievingkeyorganizationalobjectives.

    Catastrophic

    DefineAvailabilityRequirements

    DefineImpactofDowntime

  • www.isaaktech.com

    MethodologytoDefineReliability

    DefineOperationalRequirements

    DefineAvailabilityRequirements

    DefineImpactofDowntime

    RecommendedPerformanceIdentified

    Class0Class1Class2Class3Class4

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Class0/1SinglePath

    BPSUAPSU

    PowerCircuitA1

    APOU

    RPPA

    NCRAHModules

    NChiller,Pumps&Condenser

    Pipingandvalveredundancynotrequired.

    LargeFrame

    Processing

    WANCarrier

    DiskArray

    Core

    EdgeInternet

    AccessSwitch

    Server n

    Aggregation

    Server 1

    EdgeWAN

    NASDiskArray

    Transfer Switchgear

    Electrical Distribution

    Alternate Power Source

    UPS

    PDU

    CriticalLoads

    Non-CriticalLoads

    Mechanical Switchgear

    MechanicalLoads

    Static Bypass

    Maint.Bypass

    Utility

    2013IsaakTechnologiesInc.

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Class2RedundantComponents

    BPSUAPSU

    PowerCircuitA1

    APOU

    BPOU

    PowerCircuitA2

    RPPA

    +1CRAHModule

    N+1Chillers,Pumps&Condensers

    MorethanN+1redundancyisrecommendedasthenumberofmodulestomeetNincreases

    NCRAHModules

    Pipingandvalveredundancynotrequiredoutsidecomputerroom.

    RefertoChillerPipingandValveRedundancysectionforcomputerroomrecommendations

    LargeFrame

    Processing

    WANCarrier

    DiskArray

    NASDiskArray

    Core

    AccessSwitch

    Server n

    Aggregation

    Server 1

    EdgeWAN

    EdgeInternet

    Transfer Switchgear

    Electrical Distribution

    Alternate Power Source

    Alternate Power Source

    UPS UPS

    PDU

    CriticalLoads

    Non-CriticalLoads

    Mechanical Switchgear

    MechanicalLoads

    Static Bypass

    Maint.Bypass

    Utility

    2013IsaakTechnologiesInc.

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Class3ConcurrentMaintainability

    BPSUAPSU

    APOU

    BPOU

    STSA

    STSB

    PowerCircuit

    RPPB12

    PowerCircuit

    RPPB11

    RPPB1

    PDUB1

    PowerCircuit

    RPPA12

    PowerCircuit

    RPPA11

    RPPA1

    PDUA1

    +1CRAHModule

    N+1Chillers,Pumps&Condensers

    MorethanN+1redundancyisrecommendedasthenumberofmodulestomeetNincreases

    NCRAHModules

    Pipingandvalveredundancynotrequired,butrecommended,outsidecomputerroom.

    RefertoChillerPipingandValveRedundancysectionforcomputerroomrecommendations

    LargeFrame

    Processing

    WANCarrier 1

    DiskArray n

    SANSwitch2

    DiskArray1

    SANSwitch1

    Core2Core1

    Edge2Internet

    Edge1Internet

    AccessSwitch 1

    Server n

    Aggregation1

    AccessSwitch 2

    Server 1

    WANCarrier 2

    Aggregation2

    Edge2WAN

    Edge1WAN

    Carrier 1 Carrier 2

    NASDiskArray

    SwitchgearUtility

    Electrical Distribution

    Switchgear

    Alternate Power Source

    Electrical Distribution

    Alternate Power Source

    UPS UPS

    Output Distribution Switchboard

    PDU

    Mechanical Switchboard

    CriticalFans/Pumps

    CriticalLoads

    Non-CriticalLoads

    Mechanical Switchgear

    MechanicalLoads

    Alternate Switchboard

    PDU

    Mechanical Switchboard

    Non-CriticalLoads

    Mechanical Switchgear

    MechanicalLoads

    Static Bypass

    Maint.Bypass

    2013IsaakTechnologiesInc.

  • www.isaaktech.com

    Class4FaultTolerant

    BPSUAPSU

    APOU

    BPOU

    STSA

    STSB

    PowerCircuit

    RPP2B1

    PowerCircuit

    RPP2A1

    PowerCircuit

    RPP1B1

    PowerCircuit

    RPP1A1

    PDUA1 PDUA2

    PanelA PanelBRPP1

    PDUB1 PDUB2

    PanelA PanelBRPP2

    NCRAHModules

    +2CRAHModule

    N+2Chillers,Pumps&Condensers

    MorethanN+2redundancyisrecommendedasthenumberofmodulestomeetNincreases

    Pipingandvalveredundancyrequiredoutsidecomputerroom.

    RefertoChillerPipingandValveRedundancysectionforcomputerroomrecommendations

    LargeFrame

    Processing

    WANCarrier 1

    DiskArray n

    SANSwitch2

    DiskArray1

    SANSwitch1

    Core2Core1

    Edge2Internet

    Edge1Internet

    AccessSwitch 1

    Server n

    Aggregation1

    AccessSwitch 2

    Server 1

    WANCarrier 2

    Aggregation2

    Edge2WAN

    Edge1WAN

    Carrier 1 Carrier 2

    NASDiskArray

    SwitchgearUtility

    Electrical Distribution

    Switchgear

    Alternate Power Source

    Electrical Distribution

    Alternate Power Source

    UPS UPS

    Output D