BGR Takeaways for Session 3

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<p>Takeaways for BGR MBA Class of 2015</p> <p>BGR - Session 3</p> <p>Reading:Speech at the Toronto Centre on July 14, 2004(How a major program of capital market reform - that received global recognition - was achieved in Pakistan)</p> <p>1) Why is economic regulation needed? correct imbalance in market forces; avert precipitation of system risk; and protect legitimate interests of all economic players.What sectors need to be regulated? those that exhibit natural monopolies; those that endure dominance by recently privatized entities; those that suffer from the phenomenon of moral hazard; those that entail concessions from the Government; and those that are historically prone to behavioral issues2) Badly conceived regulation or poorly implemented regulation is worse than no regulation3) The regulator must be duly empowered, professionally competent, operationally independent, and not only has integrity but is manifestly seen to have integrity.4) Regulation must: retain purity of formulation and execution, and not be tainted by any political agenda; and not be captive to, or serving the interests of, any particular interest group.</p> <p>5) The regulator is at once: a monitor, a policeman, and a magistrate; a father figure and patron of the market; and (in developing countries) a facilitator of the markets development through appropriate regulatory positioning6) All things considered, it would be best for business enterprises and business associations to support the implementation of sound regulation by competent, professional and independent regulators, shorn of any influence by government or strong vested interests.7) Very important for any enterprise operating in a regulated sector to fullyunderstand the regulatory scene the strengths and weaknesses of the regulator, precise de facto role of the concerned government department, who can be depended on for what, and who is doing what and to whom in order to decide how best to address regulatory issues.8) Assuming the regulator is professionally savvy, competent, and independent: in the short run, there are always vested interests against regulation because of their dominant position or some other way in which they can over-ride the market/exploit other participants; and in the long run, duly enforced sound regulation is in the best interests of all participants.</p> <p>BGR MBA Class of 2015 (Semester IIIB Nov 5 Dec 27, 2014)</p>