Baroque composer

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Composers of the Baroque Period

Johann Sebastian BachEisenach, Germany on March 21,1685A genius keyboardist (mastering the organ and harpsichord) and brilliant composer.Father of Modern music.Greatest of all master of musicFrom musician familyMarried twice, produced twenty offspring.Religious man. His bible was filled with annotations and comments.

-Believed that music must serve the Glory of GodThe Well -Tempered Clavier is Bachs most important work.He died in Leipzig on July 28,1750. Popular Works:Air on a G String, Double Violin Concerto, Brandenburg Concerto No. 3, B Minor Mass, and The Unaccompanied Cello Suites.

George Frederick HandelGerman organist and composer. Born in the same year as Johann Sebastian Bach, creating the English oratorio.He was a musical giant of the late Baroque period.Master of keyboard instrumentOpera and oratorio are the most important forms in Handels musicHandel favoured diatonicHis melody was rich in expression, rising and falling in great majestic arches.He died on April 4,1759Popular Works:The Messiah, Music for the Royal Fireworks, and Water Music

Antonio VivaldiBorn on March 4, 1678 in Venice, ItalyAn Italian composer of instrumental music and opera who was responsible for the development of the concerto during his time.Son of violinist. In his 20s he was ordained in the church and came to be known as the red priest(due to the color of his hair).Music master at four music schools for which Venice was famous.The Four Seasons-one of his famous group of concertos.Vivaldis life came to a mysterious end.He made more than fifty thousand ducats but as result of excessive extravagance, Vivaldi died poor.He was buried in a paupers grave.Popular Works:The Four Seasons, Gloria, and Con Alla Rustica in G

Henry PurcellWithin a lifetime of only thirty-five years, Purcell achieved musical greatness by being considered one of Englands greatest composers and the most original composer of his time. Purcell was extremely talented in word-setting and composed very successful works for stage.He wrote church and chamber music.He composed a series of religious works and other pieces to entertain the court of the English king and queen.Religious anthems and court odes are some of his ceremonial music.Rigadoon Purcells musical score.

Antonio StradivariAn Italian violin maker and also known as Stradivarius. The richness of tones of his violins, violas, and cellos have never been surpassed.

Musical Instrument1. Key Board InstrumentsHarpsichordClavichordOrganString InstrumentsViolinViolaWoodwind InstrumentOboeBassoon

Key Board Instruments

Harpsichord

Look like a grand piano but it is much smaller.Its keyboard has fewer keys, and those built in the 17th century had two keyboards plus stop knobs can double a key so that it produces pitches an octave above or below that of the key being pressed.

Clavichord

Is an early Baroque keyboard instrument having strings struck by tangents attached directly to the key ends.

Organ

Reached its highest development during the Baroque Period. The organ sounds produced by air blown into pipes.Each pipe comprises a pitch.

String Instruments

Violin

Is a bowed string instrument which has four strings tuned at intervals of a fifth and a usual range from G below middle C upward for more than 4 octaves and having a shallow body, shoulders at right angles to the neck, a fingerboard without frets, and a curved bridge.

Viola

Is bowed stringed instrument made in bass, tenor, alto, and treble sizes. It can be distinguished from the other members of the violin family in a having a deep body, a flat back, sloping shoulders, usually six strings, a fretted fingerboard, and low arched bridge.

Woodwind Instrument

Oboe

Is a double reed wind instrument having a conical tube, a brilliant penetrating tone, and penetrating tone, and a usual range from B flat below middle C upward for over 2 octaves

Bassoon

Is a double reed instrument which has a long V-shaped conical tube connected to the mouth piece by a thin metal tube and usual range two octaves lower than of the oboe.End

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