bandura’s social learning theory very similar to rotter

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  • Banduras Social Learning TheoryVery similar to Rotter

  • ExampleWhat kind of teacher would you be?

  • Banduras Social Learning TheoryEfficacy ExpectationLike Rotters expectancies, but different

    RotterThe perceived probability that if you do something you will attain your goal

    BanduraThe perceived probability that you can just do something

  • Efficacy ExpectationsDo you think you can touch this snake?

    High efficacyYou can do it!

    Low efficacyYou can not do it!

  • Efficacy ExpectationsA belief about selfWhat a person thinks they are capable of doing

    Best psychological state is a match betweenWhat a person thinks they can do What a person can actually do

  • ExampleDo you like math?

    Why?

    Girls are bad at math

  • ExampleHow do you increase a girls confidence in math?

    1) Show her other girls doing math

    2) Have her do it herself to show her she can do math!

    Increase her efficacy!

  • Observation LearningVicarious / observational learning

    Bobo Doll studies

    Children saw eitherA) doll attackedB) doll not attacked

  • Observation LearningChildren who saw doll attackedAll attacked Bobo

    Children who did not see doll attackedNone attacked Bobo

    Reinforcement or punishment of model also effected childrens behavior

  • Group ActivityList skills and habits you have learned from your parents and the media through observational learning

    How did the behaviors become modeled.

  • Beyond BoboWhat do we model?

    Physical appearanceMath is hardPhysical appearance is importantRelationships are chaoticYour mind is importantYou can do math

  • Reciprocal DeterminismWhen you go home to your family what happens?

    Do you think the environment changes?You shape your own environment!

  • Reciprocal DeterminismBehaviorEnvironmentSelfYour presence alters your environmentYour environment shapes your personalityYour personality alters your behaviorHow you behave alters your personality (especially your perception)Your environment alters your behavior (Behaviorism)Your behavior alters your environment

  • Reciprocal DeterminismBehaviorism

    Only looks at how the environment alters your behaviors

    Bandura also emphasizes how our behavior shape our environment

  • Group Activity1) Memory experiment

    2) Personality perception experiment

  • Words

  • stubborn

    recklessness

  • Words

  • persistent

    adventurous

  • Experiment #1Write downa) the word that comes AFTER one of your words

    b) the word that comes BEFORE one of your words

  • BallCatLittleKiteSunRunTalkHikeTrackWindLakeDogMileSky

  • BallCatLittleKiteSunRunTalkHikeTrackAdventurousStubbornDogMileSky

  • End of Experiment #1Write downa) the word that came AFTER one of your words

    b) the word that came BEFORE one of your words

  • Experiment #2Personality Perception

  • Donald spent a great amount of his time in search of what he liked to call excitement. He had already climbed Mt. McKinley, shot the Colorado rapids in a kayak, driven in a demolition derby, and piloted a jet-powered boat without knowing very much about boats. He had risked injury, and even death, a number of times. Now he was in search of new excitement. He was thinking, perhaps, he would so some skydiving or maybe cross the Atlantic in sailboat. By the way he acted one could readily guess that Donald was well aware of his ability to do many things well. Other than business engagements, Donalds contacts with people were rather limited. He felt he didnt really need to rely on anyone. Once Donald made up his mind to do something it was as good as done no matter how long it might take or difficult the going might be. Only rarely did he change his mind even when it might well have been better if he had.

  • Personality PerceptionWrite 2-3 sentences of your general impression of Donald

    On a scale of 1 10 rate Donald

    (1 = did not like; 5 = Neutral; 10 = Like very much)

  • Cognitive Processes and Personality

  • Cognitive Processes and PersonalityHow thoughts influence our personality

    Our perceptions of the world

    Our perceptions of ourselves

    The goals we set

  • Cognitive Processes and PersonalityHow thoughts influence our personality

    Perceptual processes

    Self processes

    Strategic and motivational processes

  • Perceptual Processes

    For some the world is a hostile place where men are evil and dangerous; for others it is a stage for fun and frolic.

  • Perceptual ProcessesGroup Activity

    Why?

    Are your perceptions of the world accurate?

    Why do some people perceive the world differently?

  • Perceptual ProcessesPrimingThe more often one perceives something, the more likely that something is to come to mind

    EnvironmentParents (honesty, fearless, etc.)Television (violence)

  • How did you see Donald?Imagine you always encountered issues surrounding:

    stubborn / recklessness

    OR

    persistent / adventurous

  • Perceptual ProcessesExternal Worldnetwork is activatedPerceptions of WorldExposure to negative wordsPrimingnegative networkSee others as negative

  • ScenariosPretend that you are standing on the playground playing catch with a bunch of kids. You throw the ball to another kid and the kid catches it. You turn around, and the next thing you realize is that the kid has thrown the ball and hit you in the middle of your back. The ball hit you hard and it hurts a lot.

  • QuestionWhy did the child / children do this?

    Do you think the child / children were trying to be mean or not trying to be mean?

    What would you do next?

  • ScenariosImagine that you are looking for your friend on the playground. You cant wait to find your friend because you have an important secret to share. By the time you find your friend, your friend is already playing with someone else a kid you dont like very much.

  • QuestionWhy did the child / children do this?

    Do you think the child / children were trying to be mean or not trying to be mean?

    What would you do next?

  • Once in a while I cant control the urge to strike another person.Given enough provocation, I may hit another person.If somebody hits me, I hit back.I get into fights a little more than the average person.If I have to resort to violence to protect my rights, I will.There are people who pushed me so far that we came to blows.I have threatened people I know.I have become so mad that I have broken things.I often find myself disagreeing with people.When people annoy me, I may tell them what I think.I cant help getting into arguments when people disagree with me.My friends say that I am somewhat argumentative.When frustrated, I let my irritation show.Some of my friends think I am a hothead.I sometimes feel like a powder keg ready to explode.Sometimes I fly of the handle for no good reasonI have trouble controlling my temper

  • Perceptual Processesnetwork is activatedPerceptions of Worldaggressive networkSee others as aggressive

  • Why are some people aggressive?How they see the world!

  • Comic Books249 students read either

    1) Violent comic books

    2) Nonviolent comic books

  • Violent Comic Books

  • Non-Violent Comic Books

  • ScenariosPretend youre walking outside and youre wearing your new tennis shoes. You really like your new shoes and its the first day that you have worn them. Suddenly, you are bumped from behind by another kid. You stumble and fall into a puddle and your new shoes get muddy.

  • QuestionWhy did the child / children do this?

    Do you think the child / children were trying to be mean or not trying to be mean?

    What would you do next?

  • ScenariosImagine that you are at lunch one day and looking for a place to sit. You see some kids you know at a table across the room. The kids are laughing and talking to each other, and they look like they are having a good time. You walk over to their table. As soon as you sit down, the kids stop talking and no one says anything to you.

  • QuestionWhy did the child / children do this?

    Do you think the child / children were trying to be mean or not trying to be mean?

    What would you do next?

  • Perceptual ProcessesExternal Worldnetwork is activatedPerceptions of WorldExposure to aggressive stimuliPrimingaggressive networkSee others as aggressive

  • Questionnaire

  • QuestionnaireTo score:

    Each question multiply The concern answerThe reverse of the expect answer1=62=53=44=35=26=1

    Thus, high scores = you are concerned and dont expect something to happen

  • Rejection SensitivityWhy are some people always jealous?

    How they see the world!

  • Rejection SensitivityFor some people cues about rejection are more accessible than for others

    They are primed for rejection cuesFaceSmall disagreementAccidents

    Can be a self-fulfilling prophecy

  • Perceptual ProcessesExternal Worldnetwork is activatedPerceptions of WorldExposure to jealous stimuliPrimingjealous networkSee others as cheaters

  • Group Activity

  • What do you do at McDonalds?

  • What do you do on a first date?

  • What do you do on the first day of class?

  • How do you know?

    SchemaOrganizes knowledgeScript

    Who are you?

    Self SchemaThe cognitive structure that is made up of ideas about the self.