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  • ! ix!

    DAFTAR ISI COVER HALAMAN JUDUL ...................................................................................... i PERNYATAAN KEASLIAN TUGAS AKHIR ........................................... ii PERSETUJUAN DOSEN PEMBIMBING TUGAS AKHIR .................... iii PERSETUJUAN TIM PENGUJI TUGAS AKHIR .................................... iv KATA PENGANTAR .................................................................................... v ABSTRAK ...................................................................................................... vii ABSTRACT . ................................................................................................... viii DAFTAR ISI. .................................................................................................. ix DAFTAR GAMBAR ..................................................................................... xi DAFTAR BAGAN ......................................................................................... xii DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................................... xiii DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .................................................................................. xiv DAFTAR SINGKATAN ................................................................................ xv BAB I PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................... 1

    1.1 Latar Belakang ................................................................................... 1 1.2 Perumusan Masalah ........................................................................... 2 1.3 Pertanyaan Penelitian ......................................................................... 3 1.4 Tujuan Penelitian ............................................................................... 3

    1.4.1 Tujuan Umum ........................................................................ 3 1.4.2 Tujuan Khusus ....................................................................... 3

    1.5 Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................................ 4 1.5.1 Manfaat Akademik ................................................................. 4 1.5.2 Manfaat Praktis ...................................................................... 4

    BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA .................................................................... 5 2.1 Anatomi Pembentukan Memori ......................................................... 5 2.2 Proses Mendengar .............................................................................. 6 2.3 Fisiologi Pembentukan Memori ......................................................... 8 2.4 Mencatat Dengan Metode Menulis .................................................... 10 2.5 Mencatat Dengan Metode Mengetik .................................................. 11 2.6 Peran Glukokortikoid Terhadap Pembentukan Memori .................... 11 2.7 Fungsi Kognitif dan Pertambahan Usia . ........................................... 12

    BAB III KERANGKA TEORI, KERANGKA KONSEP DAN HIPOTESIS .......................................................................................................................... 14

    3.1 Kerangka Teori ................................................................................ 14 3.2 Kerangka Konsep ............................................................................ 15 3.3 Hipotesis .......................................................................................... 15 3.4 Variabel ........................................................................................... 15 3.5 Definisi Operasional ........................................................................ 16

    BAB IV METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ..................................................... 17 4.1 Desain Penelitian/Rencana Penelitian ............................................. 17 4.2 Lokasi dan Waktu ............................................................................ 17 4.3 Bahan dan Cara Penelitian ............................................................... 17

    4.3.1 Instrumen Penelitian ............................................................ 17

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    4.3.2 Cara Pengumpulan Data ...................................................... 18 4.4 Populasi Penelitian .......................................................................... 19 4.5 Sampel Penelitian ........................................................................... 19 4.6 Cara Pengambilan Sampel .............................................................. 19 4.7 Cara Menghitung Jumlah Sampel .................................................... 20 4.8 Kriteria Inklusi dan Eksklusi Penelitian ......................................... 21 4.9 Alur Penelitian ................................................................................ 22 4.10 Pengolahan Data ............................................................................. 23 4.11 Uji Statistik ...................................................................................... 23 4.12 Kekurangan Penelitian .................................................................... 23 4.13 Dana Penelitian . .............................................................................. 24 4.14 Jadwal Penelitian . ........................................................................... 24

    BAB V HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ......................................................... 25 5.1 Hasil ................................................................................................ 25

    5.1.1 Jumlah Subjek Penelitian ....................................................... 25 5.1.2 Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian Jenis Kelamin, Usia, dan Tipe Mencatat . .............................................................................. 25 5.1.3 Hasil Penelitian . .................................................................... 28 5.1.4 Perbandingan Jumlah Informasi Baru yang dapat diingat Antara Metode Mencatat dengan Menulis dan Mengetik ................. 33

    5.2 Pembahasan .................................................................................... 37 5.2.1 Gambaran Umum Subjek Penelitian ..................................... 37 5.2.2 Perbandingan Memori Jangka Pendek Antara Metode Mencatat dengan Menulis dan Mengetik .............................................. 38 5.2.3 Perbandingan Memori Jangka Pendek Antara Metode Mencatat dengan Menulis dan Mengetik pada Gambaran Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) .................................................... 42

    BAB VI SIMPULAN DAN SARAN ............................................................. 44 6.1 Simpulan .......................................................................................... 44 6.2 Saran ................................................................................................ 44

    DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 45 !

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    DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2.1 Anatomi Otak .............................................................................. 5 Gambar 2.2 Anatomi Otak ............................................................................... 5 Gambar 2.3 Anatomi Telinga ........................................................................... 6 Gambar 2.4 Anatomi Telinga ........................................................................... 7 Gambar 5.1 Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin ....... 25 Gambar 5.2 Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian Berdasarkan Usia ....................... 26 Gambar 5.3 Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian Berdasarkan Metode Mencatat .. 27 Gambar 5.4 Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian Berdasarkan Tipe Mencatat ....... 27 Gambar 5.5 Rata-rata Jumlah Jawaban Benar ................................................. 29 Gambar 5.6 Total Keseluruhan Rata-rata Jumlah Jawaban Benar .................. 30 Gambar 5.7 Rata-rata Jumlah Informasi Baru yang dapat diingat ................... 30 Gambar 5.8 Total Rata-rata Jumlah Informasi Baru yang dapat diinga .......... 31 Gambar 5.9 Box Plot Jumlah Informasi Baru yang Diingat dengan Metode Mengetik .......................................................................................................... 31 Gambar 5.10 Scatter Plot Jumlah Informasi Baru yang Diingat dengan Metode Mengetik .......................................................................................................... 34 Gambar 5.11 Box Plot Jumlah Informasi Baru yang Diingat dengan Metode Mengetik .......................................................................................................... 34 !

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    DAFTAR TABEL

    Tabel 3.5 Definisi Operasional ........................................................................ 16 Tabel 4.1 Dana Penelitian ................................................................................ 24 Tabel 4.2 Jadwal Penelitian .............................................................................. 24 Tabel 5.1 Sebaran Frekuensi Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian ......................... 32 Tabel 5.2 Karakteristik Subjek Penelitian Berdasarkan Jumlah Informasi Baru yang Dapat Diingat . ........................................................................................ 33 Tabel 5.3 Test of Normality Metode Mencatat ................................................. 33 Tabel 5.4 Perbandingan Rata-rata Informasi Baru yang Diingat Antara Metode Mencatat dengan Menulis dan Mengetik ......................................................... 35 Tabel 5.5 Tabel 2x2 Metode Mencatat Dengan Mengetik dan Menulis ......... 36 !

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    DAFTAR BAGAN

    Bagan 3.1 Kerangka Teori ............................................................................... 14 Bagan 3.2 Kerangka Konsep ............................................................................ 15 Bagan 4.9 Alur Penelitian ................................................................................ 22

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    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN Lampiran A Informed Consent ......................................................................... A-1 Lampiran B Pre-test dan Post-test (video satu) ............................................... B-1 Lampiran C Pre-test dan Post-test (video dua) ................................................ C-1 Lampiran D Pre-test dan Post-test (video tiga) ............................................... D-1 Lampiran E Daftar Responden ........................................................................ E-1 !

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    DAFTAR SINGKATAN

    1. ACC : Anterior Cingulate Cortex 2. FG : Fusiform Gyrus 3. FK UPH : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan 4. IFG : Inferior Frontal Gyrus 5. MRI : Magnetic Resonance Imaging 6. PPC : Posterior Parietal Cortex 7. SPSS : Statistical Package for the Social Sciences

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