Axial Skeleton: Appendicular ?· §Axial Skeleton: § Skull, ribs, spine, and sternum § Appendicular…
Post on 23-Aug-2018
Axial Skeleton: Skull, ribs, spine, and sternum Appendicular Skeleton: Arms, legs, scapula, clavicle, pelvis Provide a framework which muscles can pull, give shape and structure to the body, and support and protect internal organs Contain mineral, such as calcium and phosphorous Produces red blood cells, platelets, and certain types of white blood cells Periosteum: tough membrane that contains a network of blood vessels that supply nutrients, and nerves, that signal pain Compact bone: endures stress Haversian canal: blood vessels run through carrying nutrients Osteocytes: several layers of protein fibers wrapped around the Haversian Canal Spongy Bone: connective tissue with latticework structure that consists of bony spikes arranged along points of pressure or stress, making bones both light and strong Many bones contain a soft tissue which can be either yellow or red Yellow Bone Marrow: Found in long bones Consists of mainly fat cells and serves as an energy reserve Can be converted into red bone marrow and produce blood cells when severe blood loss Red Bone Marrow: found in spongy bone, the end of long bones, ribs, vertebrae, the sternum, and the pelvis Produces red blood cells, platelets, and certain types of white blood cells Most bones develop from cartilage Second month of fetal development, most of the skeleton is made of cartilage Ossification: Process by which cartilage is slowly replaced by bone as a result of the deposition of minerals Few bones develop directly into hard bone Skull Movable Joints: Allow a wide range of movements and activities Hinge, ball-and-socket, pivot, and saddle, gliding joints Semi movable Joints: Permit limited movement Hold the bones of vertebral column in place and allow the body to bend and twist Fixed Joints Prevent movement Skull Ligaments: Tough bands of connective tissue, hold the joint in place Synovial fluid: helps protect the ends of bones from damage by friction Arthritis: Rheumatoid: immune systems begins to attack its body tissue Osteoarthritis: degenerative joints disease in which the cartilage covering the surface of the bone becomes thinner and rougher
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The Axial Skeleton 1. Axial skeleton Skull Vertebral column Thoracic cage Appendicular skeleton Pectoral and pelvic girdles Upper and lower.
Axial and Appendicular Skeleton Chapters 7 & 8. Axial and Appendicular Skeleton The skeleton (greek=dried up body) has 206 bones. The axial skeleton is.
Bones of the Axial Skeleton Agenda:. Parts of the Skeletal System Axial skeleton –Skull, vertebral column, ribs Appendicular skeleton –Upper & lower limb.
The Axial Skeleton 56 The Appendicular Skeleton 64 ?· In This Chapter: The Axial Skeleton 56 ... The…
The skeletal system is divided into 2 major parts: Axial skeleton: skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum Appendicular skeleton: upper and lower limbs.
SEHS Topic 1: Anatomy. Distinguish between the axial and appendicular skeleton Axial skeleton: skull, ribs, sternum, and vertebral column: cervical -7;
Post-Cranial Skeleton Axial skeleton = vertebrae, sternum, & ribs; endochondral bone. Appendicular Skeleton Pectoral skeleton supports pectoral appendages.
The Axial Skeleton - Napa Valley ?· The Axial Skeleton The axial skeleton ... Appendicular skeleton…
AXIAL SKELETON APPENDICULAR SKELETON SKELETON APPENDICULAR SKELETON 9. 02.2015 Kaan Ycel M.D., Ph.D. ... We then have the vertebral column (spine; columna vertebralis; omurga).
The Skeleton Appendicular Skeleton Shoulderhip Elbowknee Wristankle Handfoot Axial Skeleton Skull Spine Ribs Sternum.