aviation weather debbie schaum. self- briefing procedures weather awareness –big picture, whats...
Post on 28-Mar-2015
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AVIATION WEATHER DEBBIE SCHAUM Slide 2 Self- Briefing Procedures Weather Awareness Big picture, whats the general weather along your route. Look outside Look at the weather on the TV Get the big picture from your home computer Slide 3 Self Briefing cont. Are you ready to fly this mission? - Are you qualified to fly in these conditions? - Do you have the experience to take on this mission? - Are you physically capable? - Are you mentally ready? Slide 4 Things you need to know What type of aircraft Limits of aircraft Proposed flight level Take off and destination forecast Hazards enroute Winds enroute Time enroute Slide 5 Weather information Current weather Surface analysis Weather depiction Radar summary Satellite METARS along route Pireps Slide 6 Weather Information Cont. Forecast Weather TAFS for takeoff and departure Prog charts valid for flight time Hazard forecast valid for flight time Hazards at your flight level Discussion bulletins that apply to your route of flight Slide 7 Alternates and Flight Paths An Alternate is used if the weather at your destination is not suitable for landing. Winds are too strong or creating too much of a crosswind Thunderstorms/severe weather are over the field Visibilities are below pilots/planes minimum capabilities Ceiling is too low Runway is icy or snow covered Slide 8 Weather Data Sources Slide 9 ERAU WX http://wx.erau.edu/data/ Good satellite and radar images; access to WSI data; limited surface and forecast graphics; does not have upper air or model graphics data. Slide 10 Slide 11 Graphical data allows route planning Slide 12 Slide 13 Then pick additional Information for your route of flight Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 Aviation Weather Center http://aviationweather.gov/ http://adds.aviationweather.gov/ Good for aviation weather hazards; good satellite access; icing and turbulence information; pilot reports; some manual forecast graphics; access to experimental aviation hazard products (ADDS); lacks model data; lacks public weather Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 National Weather Service http://weather.gov/ Good overview of public weather; click on organization to get web listings for all local NWS offices Slide 25 Slide 26 Slide 27 HOURLY WEATHER GRAPH Take off data Runway Cross winds Chance of Precip Slide 28 NCAR-RAP http://www.rap.ucar.edu/weather Aviation oriented web page; forecast model graphics are useful aviation planning (clouds, winds, etc); has links to other related weather web sites. Vertical profile data (Skew-T/Log P) Slide 29 Using the ADDS Flight Planning Tool Go to http://adds.aviationweather.gov/http://adds.aviationweather.gov/ Click on Java Tools Slide 30 Launch new FPT (Flight Path Tool) Select your flight altitude Slide 31 Click on Configure and Identify the items you want displayed Slide 32 Slide 33 Creating a cross sectional view Click on airplane button on left side. Place cursor on starting location and left click (should put a 1 on that location) Move your mouse to your destination and left click (should put a 2 on that location) Continue to all your destinations When complete right click and click on show cross-section. Slide 34 Slide 35 Cross section cont. This should display a cross section view. It will always have your starting destination on the left side. Along the bottom you will find all the information you requested by rolling over the points Slide 36 Slide 37 METARS/TAFS METAR is Meteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report It is the observation of current conditions By the time it is online it is old information TAF is Terminal Airdrome Forecast Provide a forecast of weather conditions at an airport for the next 6-24 hours. Slide 38 Slide 39 Slide 40 Forecasting tools http://wwwt.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/mmb/SREF_avia/FCST/AV N/web_site/visb/cnv_com_09z_prb1.htm Great aviation tool for looking up to 63 hrs into future Flight restriction probabilities Ceiling and cloud tops Low level wind shear Icing potential up to FL 240 Turbulence potential FL 180 and higher Precip probability Fog probability Slide 41 Slide 42 Slide 43 SREF Valid time Time of origin Probability Slide 44 Food for thought