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Author: Geoffrey Chaucer. Serious . Well known poet even before Canterbury Tales Serious writing of the day was in Latin or French; but Chaucer wrote in English, making it respectable once again . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Historicizing Modernity

Author: Geoffrey ChaucerSerious Well known poet even before Canterbury TalesSerious writing of the day was in Latin or French; but Chaucer wrote in English, making it respectable once again.

Known as the Father of English poetryFirst poet to be buried in Poets Corner of Westminster Abbey

A collection of stories united by a frame story (an outer story that unites several short stories)Considered a masterpiece though never completedUses different literature genres popular at the time (romance, poetry, ribaldry & religious stories)Provides a picture of what life and people were like in the Middle AgesThe Canterbury TalesWritten in Middle English in ten-syllable lines of couplets (the poetic qualities are often lost when translating to modern English).

And specially from every shires endeOf Engelond, to Caunterbury they wende,Redy The hooly blisful martir for to sekeThat hem hath holpen, whan that they were seeke.Bifil that in that seson, on a day,In Southwerk at the Tabard as I layto wenden on my pilgrymageTo Caunterbury with ful devout corage.

5Listen to it on Gaggle TubeSettingThe story begins in April of 1380.This was a common time for pilgrimages (trips made to a shrine or sacred place).

The Prologue: Introduces and describes 29 pilgrims (plus the narrator) who are traveling together from London to Canterbury.

The Tabard Inn-just outside of London-where Chaucermeets the pilgrims on their way to Canterbury-the Host of the inn decides to join them

Canterbury Cathedral: The pilgrims are going to visit the holy shrine of St. Thomas, 55 miles away.

The Host suggests they tell stories to pass the time on the trip. Whoever tells the best story will win a meal when they return to the Tabard Inn.

The TalesAt the end of the Prologue, the characters begin to tell their tales.Each character was to tell two stories on the trip to Canterbury and two on the way home.

Canterbury Tales Characters:

Narrator (Chaucer) Host (Harry Bailey) Knight Squire Yeoman Prioress Second Nun Priest Monk Friar Merchant Oxford student Man of Law Franklin

Five Guildsmen Cook Shipman Physician Wife of Bath Parson Plowman Manciple Reeve Miller Summoner Pardoner12Chaucer describes each characters physical appearance and personality.

Gaggle Tube intro of characters13 The characters represent the four social classes in European feudal society Peasant: work (agricultural labor) Clergy: instruct and pray Feudal: own, protect, or manage the land Merchant: support themselves outside the feudal system

The Unfinished Tales: Chaucer planned to write 120 stories but had finished only 24 before his death in 1400.