Australias Government

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<ul><li>1.Australias Government Unit 10 Notes</li></ul> <p>2. Government Systems &amp; Types A Brief Review 3. GovernmentSystems-- Whose Got the Power? </p> <ul><li>Unitary --power is held by one central authority </li></ul> <ul><li>Confederation --association of independent states that agree to certain limitations on their freedoms by joining together </li></ul> <ul><li>Federal --power is divided between central authority &amp; several regional authorities </li></ul> <ul><li>Which system does Australia have? </li></ul> <p>4. Government Types -- How Do Citizens Participate? </p> <ul><li>Autocratic -- 1 person possesses unlimited power &amp; citizens have limited role in government </li></ul> <ul><li>Oligarchic -- small group exercises control &amp; citizens have limited role in government</li></ul> <ul><li>Democratic --supreme power is vested in the people &amp; exercised by them directly or indirectly though a system of representation involving free elections </li></ul> <ul><li>Which type does Australia have? </li></ul> <p>5. Two Types of Democratic Governments </p> <ul><li>Parliamentary -- a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who elect the leader </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Leader works with or through the legislature </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Presidential --system of government in which the leader is constitutionally independent of the legislature </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Leader works separate from legislature </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>*Which type of democracy does Australia have? </li></ul></li></ul> <p>6. Australias Government </p> <ul><li>Federation (federal system) </li></ul> <ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy</li></ul> <ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul> <p>7. Leadership </p> <ul><li>1.Head of State: Monarchof the United Kingdom (presently, Queen Elizabeth II); little political power </li></ul> <ul><li>2.Governor General : stands in for the monarch </li></ul> <ul><li>3.Prime Minister : holds the most political power; works closely with the legislature </li></ul> <p>8. Her MajestyQueen Elizabeth II 9. Her ExcellencyThe Right HonorableQuentin Bryce (Governor General) Her MajestyQueen Elizabeth II 10. The Right HonorableKevin Rudd (Prime Minister) 11. How the Leader is Chosen </p> <ul><li>Governor General:appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister; serves a 5 year term </li></ul> <ul><li>Prime Minister : is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons; indirectly elected by the people </li></ul> <p>12. Legislature: Parliament </p> <ul><li>Senate(76 seats): there are 12 members from each state and 2 from each territory. </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>State senators are elected every 6 years and territory senators every 3 years. </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>House of Representatives(152 seats): members are directly elected by the people </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>largest political party in the House elects the Prime Minister </li></ul></li></ul> <p>13. Role of Citizen in Government </p> <ul><li>Citizens must be 18 to vote </li></ul> <ul><li>If you do not vote you must pay a fine </li></ul>