australias aid to and presence in africa gary johns 7 november 2011

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Australias Aid to and Presence in Africa Gary Johns 7 November 2011 Slide 2 Australian Government,2011. An Effective Aid Program for Australia: Making a real differenceDelivering real results Where Australia will provide aid. Government response to review: AsiaPacific region, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor, will remain the primary focus Decisions on country allocations will be based on the following criteria. o Poverty countries and regions where there are large numbers of people living in poverty o Effectiveness and capacity for Australian aid to make a real difference o National interest interests beyond immediate region remain subordinate to those of neighbours At the same time, we will implement the Independent Reviews recommendation to increase aid to South Asia and Africa... we cannot pretend to be tackling global poverty without increasing our investment in the worlds two most impoverished regions. Why not? Slide 3 Out of Africa Poor people, wherever they live, are equally deserving of aid Australia does not have enough money to help all poor people There are many poor in Asia and the Pacific Global poverty and operating through multilateral agencies subsumes Australias assessment of where aid is most needed, most effective, and in our best interests Aid to Africa cannot be justified unless effectiveness out rates any other aid, to such an extent it outweighs our interests. It will be very difficult to prove the African test because evaluations are inadequate. Aid to Africa 11 per cent of the total Australian aid program about $320 m per year by 2014-5. Slide 4 Much to do in East Asia and Pacific Slide 5 Much to do in South Asia Slide 6 Australia is a minor donor in Africa Source: OECD 2011. Development Aid at A Glance, Statistics By Region 2. Africa 2011 edition, page 4. Small beer... Slide 7 Australia is not a former colonial power in Africa European colonial powers 1913 German Spanish French British Italian Portuguese Independ Were never there... Slide 8 Africa of interest to few Australian tourists Source: : Tourism Research Australia 2011. Travel by Australians June 2011 Quarterly Results of the National Visitor Survey, page 26. Not interested... Slide 9 Australian trade Source: Direction Of Trade Time Series 2000-01 One Hundred Years of Trade Market Information and Analysis Unit Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade February 2002 No trade... Slide 10 Australian exports Source: DFAT. Australias trade performance1 1988-89 to 2008-09, page 5. Asia focused Slide 11 Defence 3500 Australian Defence Force personnel are deployed on operations overseas. Current operational deployments include: Iraq East Timor Afghanistan Solomon Islands No show... Slide 12 Security 350 Australian Federal police International and domestic deployments International Deployments Afghanistan Cambodia Solomon Islands (RAMSI) Timor-Leste Vanuatu United Nations Missions New York Cyprus Timor-Leste Sudan Pacific Police Development Program Nauru Papua New Guinea Samoa Tonga Almost no show... Slide 13 Aid effectiveness The aid program is fragmented. Australia has aid programs in 88 countries, compared to 69 countries five years ago. The number of projects has doubled Absence of a single, easily comprehensible scorecard on the effectiveness of the Australian aid program as a whole The system of independent evaluations is not working well and requires reform Each country and region is rated using three criteria of the proposed overall objective of the aid program For each country/regional category, ratings are used to inform recommendations about the case for expansion and sectoral spread Ratings are not evaluations. Slide 14 Aid ineffectiveness I Multilateralist dreaming Australia will be able to use its growing aid budget to significantly increased core funding to multilateral organisations... enhanced engagement, with greater financial support for the better performing multilateral organisations, will be the best way to leverage reform. Why dilute our impact just work with those where we have real effect... Slide 15 Aid ineffectiveness II Stopping child sponsorship with World Vision What a pity, the village was about to become self-sufficient... I was sponsoring a child the best option may have been to leave the village... Would WV have called me to inform me that the village had achieved self- sufficiency? Slide 16 Aid ineffectiveness III Nauru South Pacific microstates (Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu), Australian funding will be a significant feature of budgets for the indefinite future, and it is best that Australian aid planning recognise that reality. The Review Panel recommends a high expansion. We are paying people to stay and die young of diabetes. o There are 12,000 inhabitants o life expectancy of 45 years o There is 98 per cent unemployment o They are not poor Options Australia takes over... offers relocation to Australia... Much cheaper, much better outcome... Slide 17 Aid ineffectiveness IV Mining More than 40 per cent of all Australian overseas mining projects are in Africa. Around 230 Australian companies have more than 650 projects in 43 countries and territories worth $US20 billion. A $127 million Mining for Development Initiative aims to help resource-rich, poor countries better use their natural resources An International Mining for Development Centre will be set up at the University of Western Australias Energy and Mineral Institute, and will provide up to $31 million for practical advisory, education and training services to developing countries, including 1,870 training places and 24 research fellowships. $22 million to support NGOs that are already active in social and environmentally sustainable activities in mining Oxfam Executive Director Andrew Hewett said The speed and scale of development, scarcity of resources and high commodity prices have caused an appetite for risk, and increased business in emerging economies and weak governance zones