askep asma bronkial asoka

Download Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

Post on 06-Jul-2018

253 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    1/28

     ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN

    (ASMA BRONCHIAL)

    Disusun :

    SITTI HASRIYANTI MUSLIM

     ARIFUDDIN

    PUSPA AYU RAMADHANI

    RISMAYANTI

    RISAL

    SANTI AZIZ

    YEYEN PUSPITA

     AKADEMI KEPERAWATAN PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN BUTON

    TAHUN AKADEMIK

     20!"20#

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    2/28

    KATA PENGANTAR

    Pu$i s%u&u' s &*+,i' A--+ SWT &'*n s -i./+n '+., ,n

    &'unin% &.i s*-&u &*-./& 1III ,/ .*n%*-*si&n us %n *-+

    ,i3*'i&n &*/, &*-./& &.i s*' &.i 3*'*'i.+ &si+ /u- &'*n *-+

    .*./*'4%&n .*'i %n 3*'$u,u- 5ASKEP ASMA BRONCHIAL56 D-.

    /*.*nu+n us . &u-i+ KMB I Dn & -u/ /u- &.i u4/&n *'i.+

    &si &*/, :

     K*/, u+n %n .+ &us &'*n s i7inn% &.i ,/

    .*n%*-*si&n us &.i 8-u/un *',/ 3n%& +-nn s*'

    'innn %n &.i +,/i &n */i9 3*'& 'i,+n% &.i ../u

    .*n+,/i +-nn s*' 'innn *'s*3u9

    2 K*/, /' 'n u &.i &'*n s '*su ,n , .*'*& /u-

    &.i ,/ .*n%*-*si&n .&-+ ini9  K*/, /' 8-i &.i %n *-+ .*.3*'i&n &*/*'4%n &*/, &.i

    s*+in &.i 3*'.i;si ,-. .*n*'$&n us .&-+ &.i ! K*/, ,s*n /*.3i.3in &.i P& Aswan ,S.Kep, Ns. Yn *-+

    .*.3*'i&n us ini s*+in &.i .*n,/&n /*n*+un s*'

    88sn .*n*ni .*'i ini6 # K*/, /' *.n

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    3/28

    PENDAHULUAN

     

    A Latar Belakan  As. ,-+ /*n%&i s-u'n n/s &'ni& %n /*nin

    ,n .*'u/&n .s-+ &*s*+n .s%'& %n s*'ius ,i 3*'3i

    n*' ,i s*-u'u+ ,uni6 As. ,/ 3*'si= 'inn ,n i,&

    .*nnu &i;ii9 &n */i ,/ 3*'si= .*n*/ ,n

    .*nnu &i;ii 3+&n &*in +'in6 P',u&i;ii .*nu'un &i3

    .n&i' &*'$ u s*&-+9 ,n ,/ disability (&*44n)9 s*+in

    .*n.3+ /*nu'unn /',u&i;ii s*' .*nu'un&n &u-ii +i,u/6

    M*nu'u WHO s*3n%& 00 +in #0 $u /*n,u,u& ,uni

    ,-+ /*n%n,n s.6 >u.-+ ini *'us 3*'.3+ s*3n%&

    ?06000 'n s*i/ +unn%6

    D'i +un &* +un /'*;-*nsi /*n,*'i s. s*.&in

    .*nin&6 Di In,n*si9 /*n*-iin /, n& s*&-+ usi 

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    4/28

    B T!"!an Pen!l#san

     Tu$un U.u.

    Unu& .*./*'-*+ in='.si *nn /*n%&i %n .*n%*'n /,

    sis*. /*'n/sn

     Tu$un K+usus

    Unu& .*.+.i *nn s. 3'n4+i- ,n su+n &*/*'8n /,

    /si*n ,*nn /*n%&i s. 3'n4+i-

     

    C Man$aat Pen!l#san

     Bi M+sis8

    M+sis8 ,/ .*n*+ui .*n*ni &ns*/ ,s' ,n su+n

    &*/*'8n /, /si*n ,*nn /*n%&i s. 3'n4+i-

     Bi Ms%'&

    Ms%'& ,/ .*n*+ui *nn nun /, s%s*.

    /*'n/sn &+ususn% *nn /*n%&i s. 3'n4+i- s*4' -*n&/

    I.KONSEP DASAR MEDIS A. De$#n#s#

     As. 3'n4+i- ,-+ suu /*n%&i ,*nn 4i'i .*nin&n%

    '*s/n '4+* ,n 3'n&+us *'+,/ 3*'3i 'nsnn ,*nn

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    5/28

    .ni=*ssi ,n% /*n%*./in $-n n=s %n -us ,n ,*'$n%

    ,/ 3*'u3+

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    6/28

     A, 3*3*'/ +- %n .*'u/&n =&' /'*,is/sisi ,n

    /'*si/isi i.3u-n% s*'nn s. 3'n&+i-6

    6 F&' /'*,is/sisi

     *n*i&

    Di.n %n ,iu'un&n ,-+ 3& -*'in%9 .*s&i/un

    3*-u. ,i&*+ui 3i.n 4' /*nu'unnn% %n $*-s6

    P*n,*'i ,*nn /*n%&i -*' 3isn% .*./un%i &*-u'

    ,*& $u .*n,*'i /*n%&i -*'i6 K'*n ,n% 3& -*'i

    ini9 /*n,*'i sn .u,+ *'&*n /*n%&i s. 3'n&+i- $i&

    *'//' ,*nn =&' /*n4*us6 S*-in iu +i/*'s*ni=isis

    s-u'n /*'n=snn% $u 3is ,iu'un&n6

    36 F&' /'*si/isi

     Aleren

    Di.n -*'*n ,/ ,i3i .*n$,i  $*nis9 %iu :

     A6 In+-n9 %n .su& .*--ui s-u'n /*'n/sn Cn+n%: ,*3u9 3u-u 3inn9 s*'3u& 3un9 s/' $.u'9

    3&*'i ,n /-usi B6 In*sn9 %n .su& .*--ui .u-u

    Cn+n%: .&nn ,n 3

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    7/28

    K'*n $i& s'*ssn% 3*-u. ,isi .& *$- s.n% 3*-u.

    3is ,i3i6

     L#nk!nan ker"a

    M*./un%i +u3unn -nsun ,*nn s*33 *'$,in%

    s*'nn s.6 H- ini 3*'&in ,*nn ,i.n ,i 3*&*'$6

    Mis-n% 'n %n 3*&*'$ ,i -3''iu. +*8n9 in,us'i

    *&si-9 /3'i& s3*s9 /-isi --u -ins6 *$- ini .*.3i& /,

    8&u -i3u' u 4ui6

     Ola' raa) akt#$#tas "as*an# +an &erat

    S*3in 3*s' /*n,*'i s. &n .*n,/ s*'nn

     $i& .*-&u&n &i=is $s.ni u -+ ' %n 3*'6 L'i

    4*/ /-in .u,+ .*ni.3u-&n s*'nn s.6 S*'nn

    s. &'*n &i=is 3isn% *'$,i s**' s**-+ s*-*si

    &i=is *'s*3u6

    D. Pat%$#s#%l%#  As. ,in,i ,*nn &n'&si s/si4 ,'i  /-s

    3'n&+i-us %n .*n%*33&n su&' 3*'n=s6 P*n%*33 %n u.u.

    ,-+ +i/*'s*nsii;is 3'n&+iu-us *'+,/ 3*n,

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka

    8/28

    Antibodi

    menurun

    Resiko tinggi

    terhadap infeksi

    Rentan Infeksi

    Pencetus Serangan

    (Alergen, emosi/ stress, obat-

    infeksi

    Meningkatnya Permea

    Kapiler

    Reaksi Antigen 

    Antibodi

    !ikeluarkannya Substansi

    #istamin, bradikinin, dan an

    &atuk

    Kelela'an

    Malnutrisi

    ausea

    Pemenuhan Nutrisi

    kurang dari

    kebutuhan

    Anoreksia

    Sekresi mukus meningkat

    Kontraksi )tot Polos

    &ronc'ospasme

    Penurunan *kspansi Par

    Mengi

    Ketidakefektifan

    Pola Nafas

    G

    Stenosis &ronkus

    Ketidak efektifan

    bersihan jalan nafas

    /*nin&n *&nn ,-. /'u s*-. *&si'si /&s .*n*&n 3in

    -u' 3'n&i-us6 K'*n 3'n&i-us su,+ *'su.3 s*3in9 .&

    su.3n s*-n$un% ,-+ &i3 ,'i *&nn *&s*'n- %n

    .*ni.3u-&n 3s'u&si 3*' *'u. s*-. *&s/i'si6 P, /*n,*'i

    s. 3isn% ,/ .*-&u&n ins/i'si ,*nn 3i& ,n ,*&u9

    */i s*&-i

  • 8/17/2019 Askep Asma Bronkial Asoka