asia human geography. 5 themes of geography for asia  relative location: south of russia, east of...

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ASIA

ASIAHUMAN GEOGRAPHY

5 Themes of Geography for AsiaRelative Location: South of Russia, East of Europe, North of AustraliaPlace: Culturally, Asia has many similarities and differences. Physical features cause human and climate divisions (Himalayas separating India and China). Movement: Mekong River flows through many countries (China through to Vietnam); major shipping resources; Silk Road (ancient roadway carrying merchants, ideas, facilitating tradeRegion: South, East, & Southeast; Rice Bowl: region in China devoted to rice farming; technology region (Japan, Taiwan, South Korea); Indian SubcontinentHuman Environment Interaction: terrace farming

4Population Density26522428747.61765352828653413153602004006008001000People per square mileEuropeRussiaNorth AmericaJapanMiddle AmericaSouth AmericaN. Africa/S.W. AsiaSubsaharan AfricaSouth AsiaSoutheast AsiaEuropeRussiaNorth AmericaJapanAustralMiddle AmericaSouth AmericaN. Africa/S.W. AsiaSubsaharan AfricaSouth AsiaEast AsiaSoutheast AsiaPacific World Average = 117/mi2RealmGlobalization & Diversity: Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff5

PopulationMap ofSouth Asia

Globalization & Diversity: Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff6

Population Map of East Asia Globalization & Diversity: Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff7

Population Map of Southeast Asia8POPULATION DENSITY COMPARISONUnited States - BangladeshUNITED STATES 77 people/sq mileBANGLADESH133,000,00050,3002,644 people/sq mileAlabama 4.8 million people

91 people/ sq. mileTIME OUT!Name countries that make upEast Asia

South Asia

Southeast Asia

Central Asia

10Population and SettlementJakarta, Indonesia9.6 millionBandung, Indonesia2.3 millionBandung (2nd), Surabaya (3rd), and Medan (4th)combined7.1 million

Southeast Asia is less than 30% urbanizedMany of regions countries have primate cities (single, large urban settlements that overshadow all others)Efforts to encourage growth of secondary citiesSquatter settlements are common in this region

11Population and SettlementMigration and the Settlement LandscapeSouth Asia is one of the least urbanized regions of the worldMajority live in compact rural villagesRural-to-urban migration because lack of prosperity in agriculture Most settlement near fertile soils and dependable water sourcesUrbanization in East Asia City Systems of Japan, and South KoreaSouth Korea noted for urban primacyUrban Primate City the concentration of urban population in a single cityJapan: Megalopolis; a huge zone of metropolitan areas

TIME OUT!1.) What is a primate city?

2.) What is a megalopolis?

3.) What can be inferred about a country that is extremely rural and many of its people engage in agriculture for a living?

13Population and SettlementIndia has more than 1 billion peopleConcern about producing enough foodOvercrowding, poor sanitation, servicesPakistan has 145 million peopleLow rate of female contraceptionBangladesh has 133.5 million peopleHas one of the highest settlement densities in the world

According to official figures, the projected population for Pakistan in 2015 is 191 million, up from the 170 million in 2011, making it the sixth most populous nation on earth. By 2050 it is expected to climb intofourth place.

This is bad news for a country that has struggled to provide its people with adequate food,health careoreducation. Malnutrition rates are high and are linked to 50 percent of infant and child deaths; there is one doctor for every 1,183 people; and the literacy rate of 57 percent is among the lowest in South Asia.-IRIN Integrated Regional Information Networks (a service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Population and SettlementUrban South AsiaAbout 25% of the South Asian population resides in urban areasMany live in bustees (sprawling squatter settlements, slums)Mumbai (Bombay)Largest city in South AsiaFinancial, commercial, and industrial centerLess-fortunate immigrants live in hutments crude shelters built on formerly busy sidewalksDelhi/New DelhiMore than 11 million peopleIndias capital, has British colonial imprintAir pollution a problem

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Criq7INq_yM

Watch this!16Population and SettlementChina: only 30% urbanJapan: 92% urbanTaiwan is most densely populated; 22 million; 1,500 per square milKOREA: NORTH-SOUTH CONTRASTSNORTH KOREA: 55% of the land on peninsula, 1/3 of the population, extremely rural

SOUTH KOREA: 45% of the land, 2/3s of the population, highly urbanized, modern factories

70 million on peninsulaNorth 20 mill, South 50 Mill); 1,150 per square mile

TIME OUT!1.) What are some problems associated with overpopulation in India and Pakistan?

2.) What is unique about the slums of Mumbai?

18A city-state, with modern infrastructure and no squatter settlementSingapore

Top 3 most densely populated in the world!TIME OUT!1.) Settlement throughout Asia is a matter of ________________.(highly urban/modern cities mixed with extremely rural/impoverished areas)

2.) What are some of the less urban parts of Asia?3.) What places are known for being urban and industrial?Asia and the Demographic TransitionThink-pair-share with a partner answering the following:Draw out the DTM together stages 1-4. Can you do it without notes?Brainstorm: based on your prior knowledge of Asia what factors, events, and economic characteristics have had an effect on the transition of Asian countries through the DTM.Using the demographic statistics below, place a dot on the DTM handout where you think that country would go. On the back of the handout explain WHY you think that country is in that stage.CountryCBRCDRNIRBangladesh1950: 48.32012: 21.520.96.327.415.2South Korea1950: 35.82012: 10.216.45.119.44.9Japan1950: 28.22012: 5.210.910.117.3-2.0India1950: 21.62012: 33.912.57.015.221.7Vietnam1950: 44.72012: 5.224.25.220.612.0Place a dot and label it based on the CBR & CDR statistics given

TIME OUT!Lets discuss the demographic transition model.

Can you guess the country? How does history relate to the DTMwhy the red?

Population growth

Comparing Europe to Asia

Population Pyramid Observation Share.We are going to look at some population pyramids. Think-pair-share with a partner and analyze like the human geographer that you are.Each group will share one observation with the class!

Globalization & Diversity: Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff29DECLINING JAPANESE POPULATION Total fertility rates

00.511.521.441.651.241.662.06Globalization & Diversity: Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff30JAPANS AGE DISTRIBUTIONAGE GROUPPERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION0-14 Years 18.4%14.9%15-24 Years15.4%11.6%25-64 Years54.5%49.6%65+ Years11.7%23.9% ______________________________________________________ 100%100%19902025SOURCE: UNITED NATIONS WORLD POPULATIONPROSPECTS 1990 (NEW YORK: UNITED NATIONS, 1991)http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/09/15/national/japans-population-centenarians-continues-grow/#.VD3go2ddWSo

Japans population of centenarians continues to growAPSEP 15, 2014Reaching the century mark remains a relative rarity for humans, but it is increasingly less so, and perhaps nowhere more than in rapidly aging Japan. The number of Japanese who are at least 100 years old, known as centenarians, has reached 58,820, according to the latest government estimate, released before Respect for the Elderly Day on Monday. A Japanese woman is the oldest person in the world, 116-year-old Misao Okawa, according to Guinness World Records. The oldest man is also Japanese, 111-year-old Sakari Momoi. Somewhat appropriately, one of the kanji in Momois surname means 100, and his given name translates as flourishing or the prime of life. Advances in health care are contributing to increased longevity in Japan and elsewhere. Japan now has 46.21 centenarians for every 100,000 people. In Japan, women live longer, with nearly 90 percent of the countrys centenarians females. Japan ranks near the top in average life expectancies: 86.61 years for women and 80.21 years for men.Why Asias Greying MattersAsia, long associated with its youthful armies of factory workers, is growing older fast. That threatens to slow the regions turbo-charged growth in the years to come, and means investors will need to shift their Asian holdings to match the regions maturing profile.

For some, that could mean shifting over time from markets in greying nations, such as China, South Korea and Taiwan, and into Asias more youthful economies India, Indonesia and the Philippines.

Asias population is aging faster than any other regions. While Japans population is already shrinking, in others population growth is slowing to nearly a halt. The average number of children born to women in South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore is currently the lowest in the world, according to the CIA World Factbook.

The result is a declining number of workers due to retirement, and this means losing productivity due to not having the numbers of young labor to replace.

TIME OUT!1.) What are the causes of Japans declining population?

Asia a land of contrasts

Shanghai, ChinaRural village, China

Pagoda in ChinaMosque in Indonesia

Sony electronic components assembly in JapanClothing factory in Bangladesh

Rice farming in NepalRice farming in Indonesia

Public transportation in South Korea

Public transportation in India

Tokyo, capital of JapanUlan Bator, capital of MongoliaTIME OUT!Who can wrap up the main points of this first wave of information?Topics to consider: population distribution, settlement patterns, issues caused by population growth, demographic transition causes and eff