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  • ART IN CONTEXT:

    Modern Art of the 19th Century

    ART 121 Lecture 15

  • The Rise of Modernism

     The modern era of art history coincides with three revolutions:

     Political revolutions in America and France, resulting in democratic governments.

    Goya, The Third of May, 1808 oil on canvas, 1814

  • The Rise of Modernism

     The modern era of art history coincides with three revolutions:

     Political revolutions in America and France, resulting in democratic governments.

     The Industrial Revolution starting in England, resulting in new inexpensive products including oil paint in a tube.

    Winslow Homer, Artists Sketching in the

    White Mountains. oil on canvas, 1868.

  • The Rise of Modernism  The modern era of art

    history coincides with three revolutions:  Political revolutions in

    America and France, resulting in democratic governments and an era of nationalism.

     The Industrial Revolution starting in England, resulting in new inexpensive products including oil paint in a tube.

     The Scientific Revolution (part of the Enlightenment) in which Church authority questioned, “reason” the basis of authority. Technological advances lead to new inventions like photography.

    Two images of

    van Gogh;

    one realistic and

    one abstract.

  • 82nd and Fifth Video: Awkward

    How is Realism different from Mimesis?

    http://82nd-and-fifth.metmuseum.org/awkward

  • Art Historical Styles of the

    Late19th Century in Europe

    Realism

    Impressionism

    Post-Impressionism

  • Timeline: 18th and

    19th Centuries

    1775-83: American Rev.

    1793: King of France Louis

    XVI beheaded

    1826: First photograph

    1841: Oil paint tube invented

    1848: Revolutions across

    Europe

    1854; Admiral Perry visits

    Japan; opens to west

    1880: Invention of Electric

    Lights

    1900: Freud’s Interpretation

    of Dreams

     REALISM: Explores the subjects of

    everyday life, the countryside, and/or the

    plight of the lower class as they actually

    appeared.

  • Gustave Courbet, The Stonebreakers, oil on canvas, 1849-1850.

  • Manet, Luncheon on the Grass, oil on canvas, 1863.

  • Pastoral Concert by Titian or Georgione

  • Raphael, Judgment of

    Paris.

  • The most

    realistic of

    Realism…

    Courbet’s Self

    Portrait before

    Finals Week.

  • Timeline: 18th and

    19th Centuries

     IMPRESSIONISM:  Art that focuses on the subject matter of

    everyday life in the French Middle Class and/or landscapes

     The emphasis and the underlying content

    is the light and capturing fleeting moments.

     Chose to exhibit their work in their own

    show rather than in the official government sanctioned show (salon).

     First impressionist exhibition in 1874.

     Last impressionist works made by a ninety year old Monet in 1926.

    1775-83: American Rev.

    1793: King of France Louis

    XVI beheaded

    1826: First photograph

    1841: Oil paint tube invented

    1848: Revolutions across

    Europe

    1854; Admiral Perry visits

    Japan; opens to west

    1880: Invention of Electric

    Lights

    1900: Freud’s Interpretation

    of Dreams

  • You Tube:

    The First Impressionist Show

    Put your pen down, sit back, and enjoy! Step back in time and

    see what revolutionary art looked like in 1874.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWugYPLVbFU

  • Monet, Impression Sunrise, oil on canvas, 1872.

  • Monet,

    Bridge Over a

    Pool of Water

    Lilies, oil on canvas,

    1899

    •Painted en plein air

    •Influence of Japanese prints

    on European culture evident

    in works such as this.

  • Renoir, Moulin de la Galette,

    oil on canvas, 1876.

  • Timeline: 18th and

    19th Centuries

    1775-83: American Rev.

    1793: King of France Louis

    XVI beheaded

    1826: First photograph

    1841: Oil paint tube invented

    1848: Revolutions across

    Europe

    1854; Admiral Perry visits

    Japan; opens to west

    1880: Invention of Electric

    Lights

    1900: Freud’s Interpretation

    of Dreams

     POST-IMPRESSIONISM: Admires the light

    and vivid palette of Impressionism, but

    does not need to imitate the world,

    natural objects and/or events. Style varies

    by individual artist.

  • Seurat, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of

    the Grand Jatte, oil on canvas, 1884. Pointilism

  • Cezanne, Still Life with Apples, oil on canvas, 1895-1898.

  • Group Activity

    Look at the following “unknown” images and identify them as

    Realism, Impressionism, or Post-Impressionism