art history special: geometry and art mandalas. mandala timeline tibetian painted 19th century...
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Art History Special: Geometry and ArtMandalas
MandalaTimelineTibetian Painted 19th century Tibetan mandala of the Naropa tradition, Vajrayogini stands in the center of two crossed red triangles, Rubin Museum of Art. Image in public domain.The circle has been symbolic to many cultures through history. It was as early as the 8th century that the mandala may have been used in Tibet as an aid to meditation.
What is it?MandalaA mandala (Sanskrit for circle) is a geometric design that is used symbolically and ritually in some religions, particularly Buddhism and Hinduism as well as in some Native American cultures. Hindu mandala. (Yantra) Released to public domain by Nharipra through Wikimedia Commons
Whats it used for?Mandala17th century art from Indian manuscript. Public DomainMandalas often contain images of religious deities such as Buddha or other figures. It is believed that their purpose is to aid in meditation and perhaps, inspire visualizations.Mandalas are also used sometimes in psychotherapy. In Tibetian Buddhism they are used for healing.Some people believe that mandalas help create wholeness and unity.
Sand PaintingSand Mandalas Below are links to two interesting videos showing Buddhist monks doing sand painting of mandalas.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Al4zxj7WNsY&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q6b7iro-qZ4&feature=related
Israeli Sand Paintings : website showing a large variety fo sand painting of mandalas and other mandalashttp://www.maagalot.com/album_eng.asp?id=48MandalaPhoto of a Chenrezig Sand Mandala created and exhibited at the House of Commons on the occasion of the visit of the Dalai Lama on 21 May 2008. GNU free license at Wikimedia granted by Colonel Warden, photographer.
Tibetan Buddhist thangka painting of a mandala, 19th century. Public domain through Wikimedia
Window of Marsh Chapel at Boston University John Stephen Dwyer photograph, Wikimedia Creative Commons ShareAlike 3.0 license
1900. Painting of Mahavira. Public Domain image photographed by Jules Jain, Wikimedia Commons.
Public domain image, Painted 17th century Tibetan 'Five Deity Mandala', in the center is Rakta Yamari (the Red Enemy of Death) embracing his consort Vajra Vetali, in the corners are the Red, Green White and Yellow Yamari, Rubin Museum of Art
ExamplesMandalaTibetian. Kalachakra thangka painted in Sera Monastery, Tibet. Released into the public domain by Kosigrim through Wikimediahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTxbj6ZdokMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TsP1xRV6wjE&feature=relatedLink Above: Short video showing a mandala being drawn.
Link Below: Longer video showing a large variety of mandalas and mandala type art.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Cdn6NODX58&feature=related