arman's presentaion about delhi's dargah from shyam lal college

Download arman's presentaion about delhi's dargah from shyam lal college

Post on 05-Jul-2015




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knowledge about Dargah and Muslim culture



2. PRESENTED BY NAME ROLL NO MOHD ARMAN 7206 ASHOK KUMAR 7211 BHAWNA JAIN 6722 ANKIT 6723 SURYA 6724 SHIVAM S. MAGHAN 6725 3. TOPIC Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah campare with other two Dargah's of Delhi like Matka Pir & Fotla Feroz Shah 4. ABSTRACT The aim of our Project is to know about the Muslim culture that how Dargah & Mosque plays a important role in Muslim Culture. We visited various Dargah In Delhi like Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Kotla Feroz Shah Dargah & Matka Pir Dargah. We saw that not even Muslims but the People from all Religion goes to Dargahs' used to visit their. In this Project we have written about the History Of these various Dargahs' like when these Dargah's were built and why were they built. Dargah is just a Grave of a person who is attached to the God. 5. INTRODUCTION We will introduce to many darghas of delhi such as Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya Dargah, Feroz Shah Dargah & Matka Pir Baba Dargah. We will discuse about the importance of dargah in to the people's life. We will discuse about the Nizamuddin Dargah and their history. And how many year ago they are come to the delhi. Second dargah of our project is Kotla Feroz Shah Dargah. In this dargah we have show the culture heritage into the dehi becouse there are so big Fort that fort we know the name of Kotla Feroz Shah. The ashokan pillar are situated at the middle of feroz shah fort and right side of the pillar a mosque situated that mosque name is Jami Masjid(mosque). We will discuse about all the things of Feroz Shah Dargah. The third dargah of our project matka pir baba dargah. This dargah is situated at the near by pragati maidan. In this dargah we will discuse about the baba matka pir life and their history. 6. Nizamuddin Dargah Sultan-ul-Mashaikh Mehboob-e-Ilahi Hazrat Shaikh Khwaja Syed Muhammad Nizamuddin Auliya (1238 3 April 1325) also known as Hazrat Nizamuddin, was a famous Sufi saint of the Chishti order in the Indian sub-continent, an order that believed in drawing close to God through renunciation of the world and service to humanity.He is one of the great saints of the Chishti order in India. His predecessors were Fariduddin Ganjshkar, Bakhtiyar Kaki and Moinuddin Chisti. In that sequence, they constitute the initial spiritual chain or silsila of the Chisti order, widely prevalent in the Indian sub- continent. 7. Nizamuddin Auliya, like his predecessors, stressed love as a means of realising God. For him his love of God implied a love of humanity. His vision of the world was marked by a highly evolved sense of secularity and kindness. It is claimed by the 14th century historiographer Ziauddin Barani that his influence on the Muslims of Delhi was such that a paradigm shift was effected in their outlook towards worldly matters. People began to be inclined towards mysticism and prayers and remaining aloof from the world. 8. Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah 9. History of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya Nizamuddin Auliya was born in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh (east of Delhi). At the age of five, after the death of his father, Ahmad Badayuni, he came to Delhi with his mother, Bibi Zulekha. His biography finds mention in Ain-i-Akbari, a 16th-century document written by Mughal Emperor Akbar's vizier's,Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak. At the age of twenty, Nizamuddin went to Ajodhan (the present Pakpattan Sharif in Pakistan) and became a disciple of the Sufi saint Friduddin Ganjshkar, commonly known as Baba Farid. Nizamuddin did not take up residence in Ajodhan but continued with his theological studies in Delhi while simultaneously starting the Sufi devotional practices and the prescribed litanies. He visited Ajodhan each year to spend the month of Ramadan in the presence of Baba Farid. It was on his third visit to Ajodhan that Baba Farid made him his successor. Shortly after that, when Nizmuddn returned to Delhi, he received news that Baba Farid had died. 10. Nizamuddin lived at various places in Delhi, before finally settling down in Ghiyaspur, a neighbourhood in Delhi undisturbed by the noise and hustle of city life. He built his Khanqah here, a place where people from all walks of life were fed, where he imparted spiritual education to others and he had his own quarters. Before long, the Khanqah became a place thronged with all kinds of people, rich and poor alike. Many of his disciples achieved spiritual height, including Shaikh nasiruddin Muhammad Chirag-e-Delhi and Amir Khusro noted scholar/musician, and the royal poet of the delhi sultanate. He died on the morning of 3 April 1325. His shrine, the Nizamuddin Dargah, is located in Delhi. and the present structure was built in 1562. The shrine is visited by people of all faiths, through the year, though it becomes a place for special congregation during the death anniversaries, or Urs, of Nizamuddin Auliya and Amir Khusro, who is also buried at the Nizamuddin Dargah. 11. Nizamuddin dargah 12. Kotla Feroz Shah Dargah The Kotla Feroz Shah was a fortress built by Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq to house his version of Delhi city called Ferozabad. A pristine polished sandstone pillar from the 3rd century B.C. rises from the palace's crumbling remains, one of many pillars of Ashoka left by the Mauryan emperor; it was moved from Pong Ghati Ambala, Punjab (currently in Haryana) and re-erected in its current location in 1356. Feroz Shah Tughlaq (135188), the Sultan of Delhi, established the fortified city of Ferozabad in 1354, as the new capital of the Delhi Sultanata on the banks of Yamuna river, the site of the present Feroz Shah Kotla, literally Kotla (fortress or citadel) of Feroz Shah. Here he erected the Lat or Ashoka Column, attributed to Mauryan ruler Ashoka. The 13.1 metres high column,made of polished sandstone and dating from the 3rd Century BC, was brought from Ambala by Feroz Shah. 13. Here it stands on the uppermost section of a three-tiered arcaded palace pavilion located near the main royal residences and congregational mosque at the heart of the fortified area. Most of the city was destroyed as subsequent rulers dismantled its buildings and reused the spolia as building materials. But now Kotla Feroz Shah monoment known as Kotla Feroz Shah Dargah. 14. Kotla Feroz Shah Dargah 15. Ashokan pillar at Kotla Feroz Shah This three-storey building was specially comissioned by Feroz Shah to support the pillar of ashoka. This pillar had been set up at Topra, near Ambala, (now in Haryana) by the great Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, with several edicts regarding his plinciples of government inscribed on it. This monolist pillar is 13 metres high, with a diameter of 65 centimetres at the top and 97 centimetres at the bottom. By the order of Firoz Shah it was brought to Delhi with great effort and reinstalled here. It was crowned by a capital of coloured stones and a golden globe with a creicent on top. The building, now in ruins, originally had a railing and eight domed chhatris (pillared kiosks) at the top, and a stone lion at each corner.There are two Ashoka pillars in Delhi. This stone pillar of Ashoka (273-236 BC) was ransported from Topra, in Ambala district (now in Haryana), on Firozshah Tughlaq's orders. The other pillar, brought from Meerut, is seen installed near Bara Hindu Rao Hospital ,at the Ridge, near Delhi University. 16. Ashokan pillar 17. JAMI MASJID This Mosque build by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in A.D.1354, is amonng the few surviving buildings inside the citadel. This was the largest of the seven Mosques build in delhi during tudglaq's reign. The main entrance to the Mosque is to the north on account of the proximity of the river to its Eastern wall it rests on a series of cells in the ground floor. The cloisters on the sides to its courtyard and its paryer hall have disappeared with only a rear wall standing on the Western side. Acconding to the contemporary historians there existed in the centre of the open quaderangle the sunken octagonal structure ground which record of the reign of the Firoz Shah, particularely of the public works executed by him, was engraved in the Mosque or in an adjoining building was Muroered the Emperor Alamgir in 1781. 18. This mosque was visited by Sultan Timur towords the end of 1398 to say his prayers and he was so much impressed by the design of this building that he took some masons and artisans along with him to Samarkand where he built a Mosque on the same pattern. 19. JAMI MASJID 20. MATKA PIR BABA Hazrat Sheikh Abu Bakr Tulshi Haideri Kalandari Rahmatullah, was supposed to have come from Iran over 750 years ago. One day a thirsty traveller came to him asking for water and the pir offered him water from an earthen pitcher. The traveller then told him that he was suffering from a disease which apparently did not have any cure. The pir said that he would pray for him and when the man returned after some days he was said to have been cured completely of the disease. After the incident, people started thronging the dargah to seek the blessings of the pir. And while they narrated their problems, he would pray for them and the problems would be solved. 21. It is said that the then sultan of Delhi,Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban, was keen to test the powers of the pir. He sent him a platter full of iron balls and mud for a start. It is said that the pir covered the plate and started praying. After a while when he lifted the cover, he found that the iron balls had converted into roasted gram and the mud into gur. The baba then mixed part of the gur with the gram and a part with water which then changed into sweet milk. And on account of this even to date, people offer roasted gram, gur and milk in earthen pots after someones wish is fulfilled. The baba then was referred to Baba Matka Pir. It was an irony that the miraculous powers of the baba were responsible ultimately for his death. He was known for converting lumps of mud into gold which he would then distribute among the needy and the very poor.On account of this, a large number of his diciples thaught that the baba may have kept loads of gold hidden in the dargah. And one day some of them got together and murdered the saint.They made efforts to get the booty, but there was nothing to be found there. 22. MATKA PIR DARGAH 23. MATKA PIR BABA'S TREE 24. MAJOR ISSUE The major problems front on us in the nizamuddin dargah. Lot of congestion on the dargah's when we went there we noticed that the womans were not allowed there due to there tradition and culture and but in to the some dargah womans were allowed. That was major issue we noticed. 25. OBSERVATION We found many formalities in muslim culture that like what is the importance of Grave. We know about the muslim religion and their culture. When we went there we were not happy to get that topic but after that journey we relised that was so good journey. And we also observed that there are many different- different religions visited. There is held Qawalies on every thursday at the Hazrat Nizamuddin Dargah and many peoples go to listen it there. There is believe that many wishes are fulfilled at the Hazrat Nizamuddin dargah' Kotla Feroz Shah Dargah & Matka Pir Baba Dargah. If peoples wership by heartly. Peoples get more satisfaction to visit dargah and its surronding. And they feel like they are standing in the paradise. And Everybody must go there because they will able to know about the Muslim religion and culture. 26. As well as these place are very pleasant. It also reflacts to Islaam and muslim culture and as well as it is symbol of Sufi Saint. We have observed its so good for the humen being. That project is very interesting to our group. After visited to those dargahs we felt like batter than after and before. 27. CONCLUSION In this project we came to know about the religion of muslims. There are saveral religion (dharma's) in our india. And they also relate their personal religion but they have intrest in other religion and also followed there culture. 28. THANK YOU


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