Arkansas Drivers Handbook | Arkansas Drivers Manual

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TABLE OF CONTENTSTHE DRIVER LICENSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1Keeping the Driver License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Accepted Identification List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Applicants Under Eighteen Years of Age . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5BEFORE YOU DRIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Planning the Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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<p> ARKANSAS DRIVER LICENSE STUDY GUIDE VOLUME 1 - EDITION 7 APRIL 2012 LITTERING: ITS AGAINST THE LAW. Withadriverlicensecomestheresponsibilityofbeingfamiliarwith thelawsof the road. As a driveryou areaccountablefor whatmay be thrownfrom the vehicleonto a city street or state highway. 8-6-404 PENALTIES (a)(1)(A)(i)A person convicted of a violation of 8-6-406 or 8-6-407 for a first offense shall be guilty of an unclassifiedmisdemeanorand shall be fined in an amount of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000). (ii)An additional sentence of not more than eight (8) hours of community service shall be imposed under this subdivision (a)(1)(A). (B)(i)A person convicted of a violation of 8-6-406 or 8-6- 407 for a second or subsequent offense within three (3) years ofthefirstoffenseshallbeguiltyofanunclassified misdemeanor and shall be fined in an amount of not less than two hundreddollars ($200) and not more than two thousand dollars ($2,000). (ii)An additional sentence of not more than twenty-four(24) hoursofcommunityservicemaybeimposedunderthis subdivision (a)(1)(B). (2) Inadditiontothosepenalties,anyviolatormayalsobe requiredtoremovelitterfromalongsidehighwaysandat other appropriate locations for any prescribed period. (b)Any person who violates 8-6-406 or 8-6-407 and who is found to have committed the prohibitedacts in furtherance of or as a part of a commercial enterprise, whether or not that enterpriseisthedisposalofwastes,shallbeguiltyof commerciallitteringandshallbeguiltyofaClassA misdemeanor.Additionally,thoseconvictedmayberequired to remove any litter disposed of in violation of this subchapter. (c)Any person who violates any provision of 8-6-408 shall be guilty of: (1)An unclassifiedmisdemeanorfor a first offense and shall be fined one thousand dollars ($1,000) and sentenced to one hundred (100) hours of community service; and (2)AClassAmisdemeanorforasecondorsubsequent offense. (d)(1)All or any portion of the fines, community service, and imprisonmentpenaltiesprovidedbythissectionmaybe suspendedby the judge if the violator agrees to remove litter fromalongsidehighwaysandatotherappropriatelocations for a prescribed period. (e)In addition to all other penalties, any person convicted of a violation of 8-6-406 or 8-6-407 who fails to pay any fines assessed in accordance with the findings and orders of the courtshallhavehis or herdriver'slicensesuspendedfor six (6) months by the Department of Finance and Administration, upon receipt of an order of denial of driving privileges from the court pursuant to this section. 8-6-407COMMERCIALREFUSEHAULINGBY UNCOVEREDVEHICLES It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in commercialor for-hirehaulingtooperateanytruckorothervehiclewithin thisstatetotransportlitter,trash,orgarbageunlessthe vehicleiscoveredtopreventitscontentsfromblowing, dropping,fallingoff,orotherwisedepartingfromthevehicle. Inaddition,anypersonoperatinghisowntruckorother vehicletotransportlitter,trash,orgarbageshalltake reasonablestepstopreventitscontentsfromblowing, dropping,fallingoff,orotherwisedepartingfromthevehicle. However,novehiclehaulingpredominatelymetallicmaterial shallberequiredtobecoveredifitisloadedinamanner whichwillpreventthematerialfromfallingordroppingfrom the vehicle. 8-6-408 DISCARDINGCERTAIN ITEMS PROHIBITED Itshallbeunlawfulforanypersontoplaceorcausetobe placed any junk motor vehicle,old vehicletire, or inoperative or abandonedhouseholdappliance,or part thereof,upon the right-of-wayofanypublichighway,uponanyotherpublic property,oruponanyprivatepropertywhichhedoesnot own, lease, rent, or otherwise control, unless it is at a salvage yard,apermitteddisposalsite,oratthebusiness establishment of a demolisher. 8-6-409 PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCEAGAINSTDRIVERS If the throwing, dumping, or depositing of litter was done from amotorvehicle,exceptamotorbus,itshallbeprimafacie evidence that the throwing, dumping,or depositingwas done by the driver of the motor vehicle. TABLE OFCONTENTS THE DRIVER LICENSE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Keeping theDriver License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Accepted IdentificationList . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 ApplicantsUnderEighteenYearsofAge................5 BEFORE YOU DRIVE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Planning theTrip. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Inspecting theVehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Keeping Your FieldofVision Clean and Clear. . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Adjusting Driver Seatand Mirrors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 UseofSafetyBeltsand Child Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 TheLaw onLittering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Unattended Children and Pets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 RULES OFTHE ROAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Construction/MaintenanceZone Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 TrafficControls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 LightedTrafficSignals...........................13 TrafficSigns..................................14 Pavement Markings.............................18 Right OfWay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Intersections ..................................21 Passing.....................................21 EmergencyVehicle ..............................21 SchoolBuses ..................................22 Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 AR Governors Commission onPeople with Disabilities . . . . .23 PRACTICE THE RULES OFSAFE DRIVING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Operating theMotor Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Starting theVehicleEngine........................24 Acceleration..................................24 SteeringtheVehicle .............................24 Monitoring VehicleSpeed .........................25 Stopping ....................................25 Remaining Alertand Avoiding Distractions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 LookingAhead ................................26 LookingtotheSides ............................27 Intersections..................................27 LookingBehind. ...............................28 Changing Lanes................................28 Slowing .....................................29 Backing .....................................29 MovingAlongSteepInclines .......................29 Seeand Be Seen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 ExternalVehicleLights ...........................29 Warning Horn ................................30 EmergencySignals .............................31 BlindSpots ...................................32 LetOther Drivers KnowYour Intentions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Signaling toChangeDirections .....................32 Signaling toSlow ..............................32 Adjusting theVehicleSpeed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Adjusting toRoadConditions ......................33 Curves......................................33 SlipperyRoad.................................33 Water OvertheRoadway.........................34 Adjusting totheFlowofTraffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 KeepingPace..................................34 MergingWith Traffic ............................35 ExitingtheTrafficFlow..........................35 SlowMovingTraffic .............................35 TroubleSpots..................................35 Visibility and Reaction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Darkness.....................................36 Rain,Fog or Snow ..............................36 HillsandCurves...............................36 ParkedVehicles ................................36 SightDistanceRule .............................36 SpeedLimits..................................37 Distance and Reaction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 FollowingDistance .............................37 SlipperyRoads.................................37 TheDriverBehindYouWants toPass ................38 FollowingMotorcycles...........................38 Towing ......................................38 Poor Visibility.................................38 BeingFollowedTooClosely........................38 FollowingEmergencyVehicles ......................38 ApproachingRailroadCrossings....................38 StoppingonanIncline ...........................38 TheSafetyCushion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 TraffictotheRear ..............................38 TraffictotheSide..............................39 Merging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Intersecting Traffic..............................40 PassingDistance...............................40 Oncoming Vehicles.........................40 HillsandCurves ..........................40 Intersections.............................40 LaneObstructions .........................41 Beware Unusual TrafficCircumstances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Individuals WhoCannot SeeYou ...................41 Individuals WhoAreDistracted .....................41 Individuals WhoMayBeDisoriented or Confused ........42 Consideration ofOtherDrivers .....................42 TRACTOR TRAILER RIGS WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW . . . .42 Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Turning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Avoiding theTractor-Trailer NoZone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Manuverability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 SHARINGTHE ROADWITHBICYCLES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 SafetyTipsForMotor VehicleDrivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Residential AreasAre Danger Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 LanePositions forBicycles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 DRIVINGFITNESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 PeripheralVision ...............................47 JudgingDistanceandSpeed .......................47 NightVision..................................47 Hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Fatigue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Drinking and Driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 AlcoholImpairment............................48 BodyMetabolism...............................49 AlcoholandtheLaw............................49 OtherTypesofDrugsandDriving ...................50 Health. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Epilepsy.....................................50 Diabetes.....................................51 HeartConditions...............................51 Emotional Distress .............................51 EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 VehicleEmergencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 BrakeFailure.................................52 Blowouts .....................................52 EngineFailure.................................52 Headlight Failure ..............................52 FaultyAccelerator..............................52 Avoiding Collision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Stopping .....................................52 With ABS ...............................53 Without ABS.............................53 Turning .....................................53 With ABS ...............................53 Without ABS ............................53 Accelerating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Skids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Protect Yourself. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 RearImpact ..................................54 SideImpact ...................................55 FrontImpact ..................................55 TrafficCrashes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 CrashScene..................................55 AssistingtheInjured ............................56 KeepaRecordofCrashInformaiton .................56 SKILLS TEST GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 PLEASE RETURN THISSTUDY GUIDETO YOUR ARKANSAS STATE POLICEDRIVER LICENSE EXAMINER. PublishedMarch2012 1 This studyguideoffersyouinformation about safe driving rulesandpractices that, if closelyfollowed, willserveas thefoundation inpreparing youtosuccessfully pass yourwritten andpractical driverlicenseexaminations andmany safeandenjoyable yearsof driving pleasures. Be suretoreadtheguidethoroughly. Without becoming adequately familiar with theinformation contained within theguide,youcannot passthewritten test. Likewise, youshould readandunderstand thesection describing thewritten andpractical tests. THE DRIVER LICENSE Anyonewhooperatesa motorvehicle,motorcycle,motor-driven cycle, or motorized bicycleonpublichighways inArkansas isrequired tohavealicenseor certificate.In ordertobelegal, drivers are requiredtohave an Arkansas driver licenseif theyarelocated inthestateformore than six months as a non-resident, or within thirtydaysoncebecoming a resident. On J uly1,2002,Arkansas implementedagraduateddriver license program. The graduatedprogramis explainedlater in this sectionof the study guide. Anyquestions that mayariseasyoureadabout thegraduated license programshouldbe directedto thenearestArkansasDepartmentof Finance andAdministration,OfficeofDriverServices,orthroughtheDF&amp;Awebsite http://www.arkansas.gov/dfa/ orby telephone contact at(501) 682-7059. Thefollowing individuals candriveonArkansasstreetsandroadways provided they havea validlicensefromtheirhome stateandtheyareat leastsixteenyearsold. MilitaryMembersoftheArmedForcesonactiveduty,or membersofforeignmilitaryontemporarydutywiththeU.S. ArmedForces.Act 235of2005 permits U.S. military spouses to obtain anArkansasDriverLicensewithout testing,if thespouse hashelda driverlicensethatexpired whileresiding outside the United States. Student Studentsattendingclasses who are considered non-residents under rulesregulating payment of tuition. An individual mayobtain a driverlicenseif: You areat leastfourteen yearsof age(restricted license). You areat leasteighteen yearsof age(non-r...</p>