Aristotle, the Great Teacher (384-322 BCE) Aristotle was student of Plato Studied biology, astronomy, botany, moral philosophy, logic Developed syllogisms

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<ul><li><p>Aristotle, the Great Teacher(384-322 BCE)Aristotle was student of Plato Studied biology, astronomy, botany, moral philosophy, logicDeveloped syllogismsAll people are mortalSocrates was a personTherefore, Socrates is MortalThis was the beginning of rational/ scientific thought</p></li><li><p>Alexander the GreatHow well did he learn from his teacher?Did he achieve happiness using his teachers definition?2 Questions to THINK about</p></li><li><p>Aristotles Moral PhilosophyHappiness is the goal of lifeIt takes a whole lifetimeWe confuse happiness with pleasure, good health, wealth, knowledge these are the means but not the goal of lifeWe need balance and proportionSO, How can we be truly happy?We need to know how to act and we need habits that we act on in the long term : Complete Virtue</p><p>Alexander the Great</p></li><li><p>Aristotles Golden MeanDeveloping good habits in balancecowardice courage foolhardiness shy friendlinessoverbearing virtue</p></li><li><p>Aristotle Applied TodayPositive Psychology7 Scientifically Researched Traits of the Happy:People who are happy have 5 or more of these qualities:</p><p>Relationships: Keep close friendshipsCaring: those who care for others or volunteerExercise the bodyStrengths and Virtues: work toward goalsFlow: Become absorbed in your workSpiritual engagementPositive Mindset: Optimism and Gratitude For more info see</p></li><li><p>How did these coarse mountain people - considered uncivilized by many of the city-states of southern Greece - get to a position controlling all Greecethen all of Persia?</p><p>Aegae</p></li><li><p>Why was Philips army so powerful? Hint</p></li><li><p>Philip IIPhilip made king at age 23Ruthless PoliticianMacedonians respected power over culture Brilliant General Philip doubled the size of a Phallanx 16 x16 (256 men) Longer spears (18 ft) Introduces Cavalry : The Companions</p></li><li><p>Demosthenes warnings ignoredGreek city-states had continued to quarrel since the Peloponnesian WarPhilip II Attacks City-States That Resist HimBattle of Chaeronea young Alexander : a CompanionLeague of Corinth</p><p>On to Persia!!..........But, theres a problem</p></li><li><p>Philip is assassinated!Olympias of EpirusCleopatra, and sonPausanias the bodyguardAlexanderOlympiasPhilip</p></li><li><p>Alexander the GreatOnly 20 when he becomes KingWell groomed for the positionStudent of AristotleScience LiteratureGeographyHero was AchillesTrip to Troy</p></li><li><p>Theban Revolt Stamped Out!</p><p>Against the boy Alexander!His response?See picture for clue</p></li><li><p>Persia !Crosses Hellespont w/30,000 hoplites 5000 cavalry Companions! Victory at Granicus encourages Greek Ionians to join</p><p>Victory at Issus100,000 PersiansWhat does Alexander do? </p></li><li><p>At Issus, Darius tries to play niceOffers peace settlementDoes Alexander accept the offer? Why or why not? </p></li><li><p>Macedonian Army Moves Along Coast to EgyptSubdues difficult fort city of TyreThen Egypt</p><p>How do these people receive Alexander and his army? Why? </p></li><li><p>Battle of GaugamelaThe Decisive end of Persian EmpireI will not steal my victory Historian Arrian: There ensued a hand-to-hand fight; but when the Macedonian cavalry, commanded by Alexander himself, pressed on vigorously, thrusting themselves against the Persians and striking their faces with their spears, and when the Macedonian phalanx in dense array and bristling with long pikes had also made an attack upon them, all things together appeared full of terror to Darius, who had already long been in a state of fear, so that he was the first to turn and flee</p></li><li><p>The Sack of Persepolis</p></li><li><p>Final conquest in IndiaMust get more territory..But what are the problems in doing so? Alex reaches Indus River in 327BC11,000 miles in 7 yearstired men</p></li><li><p>The Troops are getting tiredRead the attached speech from Alexander to his troops and answer the attached questions</p></li><li><p>Alexander attends Mass Marriage of Macedonians and Persians</p></li><li><p>Alexander diesHow? There are different acounts </p><p>Did Alexander achieve his teachers goal of happiness?If not, how close did he get?</p><p>Does he deserve the title of great?</p></li><li><p>What was Alexanders Legacy?Ended era of independent city-states in GreeceConquered more land than anyone everSpurred on inter cultural blending of Greek and Persian racesHellenismWhat is it?What happened to his empire? Who was his heir?Seleucus: Asia MinorPtolemy: EgyptAntigonus: Greece</p></li><li><p>The Hellenistic AgeGreeks and Persians adopting some of each others cultureGreeks built new cities and roads in Asia withTemplesGymnasiumsTheatresLibrariesMuseumsZooWealth and diversity spread through out which led to new discoveries</p><p>Recent 2011 discovery in Alexandria Egyptis it Alexander?</p></li><li><p>A Special City: Alexandria, EgyptAstronomy idea of earth circling the sun; sun as a ball of fire Aristarchus</p><p>Medicine - Galen, the first to practice human dissectiona detailed description of the brain</p><p>Geometry Pi=3.14 Euclid</p><p>Physics Levers Archimedes</p><p>Geography size of earth estimated Eratosthenes</p><p>The great lighthouse</p></li><li><p>Eratosthenes: Renaissance man (ca. 276-ca. 194 B.C.)Astronomer, math-guy, poet, librarian of Alexandria. </p><p>Using sun dials placed some hundreds of miles apart, correctly calculated the circumference of the earth within 200 miles.</p><p>Calculated tilt of earth to 1degree</p><p>Produced the most accurate map yet; earth divided into degrees of latitude and longitude. </p><p>Offered the theory that all of the oceans are really onefirst to suggest the possibility of reaching India by sailing west. </p></li><li><p>Aborted IndustryModels of steam engine and a battery built, but they didnt use develop such temple wonders WHY???</p><p>Heros (1070 AD)drawing of his Aeolipile</p><p>Alsobattery, vending machine</p><p>****************Riding horsesWeaponryCommanding troops</p><p>*Granicus 40,000 Persian men attacked by Companions King Darius III scaredProves Alexanders determination/driveIonians start to join his army</p><p>Issus Darius amasses army of 100,000 men. </p><p>*Huge sum of goldDaughters hand in marriageWestern third of his empire***</p></li></ul>