arctic national wildlife refuge alex wolff stephanie wege laura hart bari greenfeld shannon cullen...

Download Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alex Wolff Stephanie Wege Laura Hart Bari Greenfeld Shannon Cullen Alex Wolff Stephanie Wege Laura Hart Bari Greenfeld

Post on 16-Dec-2015

213 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alex Wolff Stephanie Wege Laura Hart Bari Greenfeld Shannon Cullen Alex Wolff Stephanie Wege Laura Hart Bari Greenfeld Shannon Cullen
  • Slide 2
  • History of ANWR Pro-drilling view Government Oil companies Local population Anti-drilling Environmentalists Local Population History of ANWR Pro-drilling view Government Oil companies Local population Anti-drilling Environmentalists Local Population
  • Slide 3
  • History of ANWR 1960 - Arctic National Wildlife Range created by Secretary of the Interior, Fred Andrew Seaton 1980 - Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act enlarges protected area and renames ANWR 1)Conserve fish/wildlife populations and habitats 2)Fulfill U.S. international fish/wildlife treaty obligations 3)Provide continued subsistence use by locals 4)Ensure water quality/quantity within Refuge 1960 - Arctic National Wildlife Range created by Secretary of the Interior, Fred Andrew Seaton 1980 - Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act enlarges protected area and renames ANWR 1)Conserve fish/wildlife populations and habitats 2)Fulfill U.S. international fish/wildlife treaty obligations 3)Provide continued subsistence use by locals 4)Ensure water quality/quantity within Refuge
  • Slide 4
  • 1.5 million acres of coastal plain called 1002 area Mandated studies of natural resources of the area Congressional authorization required for oil drilling 1.5 million acres of coastal plain called 1002 area Mandated studies of natural resources of the area Congressional authorization required for oil drilling
  • Slide 5
  • Slide 6
  • Managed by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Habitat for 36 land mammals, 36 fish, 9 marine mammals, 160 bird species Five ecological regions Coastal marine Coastal plain Alpine tundra Forest-tundra transition Boreal forest
  • Slide 7
  • Pro-drilling Government view anywhere from 6 to 16 billion barrels would decrease middle east reliance Creation of jobs At $100/barrel, would eliminate $1.6 billion in imported oil Federal revenue would increase $4.2 billion in five years $152-237 billion over life of project Most of proposed oil located in west near already established oil fields anywhere from 6 to 16 billion barrels would decrease middle east reliance Creation of jobs At $100/barrel, would eliminate $1.6 billion in imported oil Federal revenue would increase $4.2 billion in five years $152-237 billion over life of project Most of proposed oil located in west near already established oil fields
  • Slide 8
  • Fifty miles from mountains No trees, deep water lakes No sunlight for 56 days a year .01% of ANWR land would be drilled 20% of our daily consumption ice roads would be used, would melt in spring Prudhoe Bay oilfields within Central Arctic Herd area, where herds have increased from 5,000 in 1977 when oil drilling began to 31,000 today Fifty miles from mountains No trees, deep water lakes No sunlight for 56 days a year .01% of ANWR land would be drilled 20% of our daily consumption ice roads would be used, would melt in spring Prudhoe Bay oilfields within Central Arctic Herd area, where herds have increased from 5,000 in 1977 when oil drilling began to 31,000 today
  • Slide 9
  • Slide 10
  • Local Support Inupiat of Kaktovik Only village within boundaries of ANWR More westernized than other locals Represents opportunity for economic growth Add jobs and increase standard of living Concerned that drilling could affect hunting and fishing abilities Inupiat of Kaktovik Only village within boundaries of ANWR More westernized than other locals Represents opportunity for economic growth Add jobs and increase standard of living Concerned that drilling could affect hunting and fishing abilities
  • Slide 11
  • Oil Companies profit potential $$$ Surprisingly, however, most big oil companies have pulled out of lobbying for ANWR drilling
  • Slide 12
  • Environmentalist Opposition would affect animal population migration patterns No requirement that 2,000 acres be contiguous Companies would have right to drill anywhere Roads, etc. would have to be built to get oil out Porcupine and Central Arctic herd Use area to give birth and raise young Polar bears, grizzly bears, and countless bird species use area for breeding and feeding would affect animal population migration patterns No requirement that 2,000 acres be contiguous Companies would have right to drill anywhere Roads, etc. would have to be built to get oil out Porcupine and Central Arctic herd Use area to give birth and raise young Polar bears, grizzly bears, and countless bird species use area for breeding and feeding
  • Slide 13
  • Long-billed dowitcher Green-winged teal Peregrine falcon
  • Slide 14
  • Oil would take ten years to hit market Even at peak production, would only be 3% of US oil consumption If used as 5% of US daily consumption, would last around 12 years If used as 100%, would last around a year Would cause around 1 cent drop of price for a gallon of gasoline BP, ConocoPhillips, and ChevronTexaco have pulled out (oil companies dont even want to drill there) Takes focus off of real problem, our overconsumption issues and lack of sustainability THE ANIMALS! Oil would take ten years to hit market Even at peak production, would only be 3% of US oil consumption If used as 5% of US daily consumption, would last around 12 years If used as 100%, would last around a year Would cause around 1 cent drop of price for a gallon of gasoline BP, ConocoPhillips, and ChevronTexaco have pulled out (oil companies dont even want to drill there) Takes focus off of real problem, our overconsumption issues and lack of sustainability THE ANIMALS!
  • Slide 15
  • Local Opposition Gwichin, live further south Rely heavily on hunting, fishing, and whaling Rely mostly on porcupine caribou who rely on coastal plain in ANWR Have heavily opposed drilling with protests and lobbying Present evidence that not everyone around the area is on board Gwichin, live further south Rely heavily on hunting, fishing, and whaling Rely mostly on porcupine caribou who rely on coastal plain in ANWR Have heavily opposed drilling with protests and lobbying Present evidence that not everyone around the area is on board
  • Slide 16
  • Important Notes Each side will use numbers that support their claims more directly If you torture data long enough, theyll admit to anything Each claim has a counterclaim Ie. Gwichin sold their land for oil exploration in the 1980s and now they oppose drilling in ANWR, where they dont even live Fields will affect animals vs. other areas drill already and animal populations have grown over time Each side will use numbers that support their claims more directly If you torture data long enough, theyll admit to anything Each claim has a counterclaim Ie. Gwichin sold their land for oil exploration in the 1980s and now they oppose drilling in ANWR, where they dont even live Fields will affect animals vs. other areas drill already and animal populations have grown over time
  • Slide 17
  • Current Developments 2000, passed by Hour of Representatives Rejected by Senate in 2002 2005, passed by Senate as part of federal budget resolution Removed during reconciliation process by Democrats in House who signed a letter pledging to reject anything including ANWR drilling 2005, drilling amendment attached to defense spending bill Group of Democratic senators successfully filibustered bill Currently still unable to drill there 2000, passed by Hour of Representatives Rejected by Senate in 2002 2005, passed by Senate as part of federal budget resolution Removed during reconciliation process by Democrats in House who signed a letter pledging to reject anything including ANWR drilling 2005, drilling amendment attached to defense spending bill Group of Democratic senators successfully filibustered bill Currently still unable to drill there
  • Slide 18
  • As of three days ago, President Bush held a press conference urging Congress to open ANWR Chastised House and Senate, making claims of lower gas prices and reduced reliance on middle East for energy As of three days ago, President Bush held a press conference urging Congress to open ANWR Chastised House and Senate, making claims of lower gas prices and reduced reliance on middle East for energy