architectural photography basics

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Composition

Architectural PhotographyMr. Sumantra Misra (M.Arch) PhD Research Scholar, Asst. Professor,Program of Architecture, School of Civil Engineering and Architeture, Adama Science and Technology University

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CompositionComposition is the plan, placement or arrangement of the elements of art in a work. The general goal is to select and place appropriate elements within the work in order to communicate ideas and feelings with the viewer. It is the primary element in photography and an important concern in many forms of art.Technology student will benefit from a better understanding of composition. The students will learn to select and place appropriate elements within their work in order to communicate ideas and feelings with the viewer.

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The Rule of ThirdsThe application of the rule of thirds to photographs is considered by many to make them more aesthetically pleasing and professional-looking

Many photographers recommend treating any "rule" of composition as more of a guideline, since pleasing photographs can often be made while ignoring one or more such rules.

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The Rule of ThirdsThe rule states that an image can be divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines. The four points formed by the intersections of these lines can be used to align features in the photograph. Proponents of this technique claim that aligning a photograph with these points creates more tension, energy and interest in the photo than simply centering the feature would.

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Rule of ThirdsThe objective is to keep the subject(s) and areas of interest out of the center of the image, by placing them near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows, ideally near the intersection of those lines.

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Rule of ThirdsThe objective is to keep the subject(s) and areas of interest out of the center of the image, by placing them near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows, ideally near the intersection of those lines.

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Rule of ThirdsThe objective is to keep the subject(s) and areas of interest out of the center of the image, by placing them near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows, ideally near the intersection of those lines.

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Rule of ThirdsThe objective is to keep the subject(s) and areas of interest out of the center of the image, by placing them near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows, ideally near the intersection of those lines.

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Rule of ThirdsThe objective is to keep the subject(s) and areas of interest out of the center of the image, by placing them near one of the lines that would divide the image into three equal columns and rows, ideally near the intersection of those lines.

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Golden RatioThe first calculation of the golden ratio, was described by Euclid in his Elements (greek: ). A line segment sectioned into two, to illustrate the golden ratio. The total length a+b is to the longer segment a as a is to the shorter segment b.

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Golden RatioSince the fifteen century, shapes proportioned according to the golden ratio have been considered aesthetically pleasing in Western cultures; the golden ratio is still frequently used in art and design. The golden ratio has attracted a large following for its supposed aesthetic, psychological, historical, mystical, natural, and metaphysical properties, in addition to its mathematical properties.

The most common other names used for the golden ratio are golden section (Latin: sectio aurea), golden mean, golden number, and phi (referring to the Greek letter ). Other names include medial section, divine proportion, divine section, golden proportion, golden cut, extreme and mean ratio, and mean of Phidias.

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SimplificationImages with a clutter can distract from the main focus of the picture and make it difficult to identify the subject. By decreasing the extraneous content, the viewer is more likely to focus on the primary message.

Clutter can also be reduced through the use of lighting, as the brighter areas of the image tend to draw the eye, as do lines and linear features.

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SimplificationDecrease the extraneous content, the viewer is more likely to focus on the primary message.

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SimplificationDecrease the extraneous content, the viewer is more likely to focus on the primary message.

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SimplificationDecrease the extraneous content, the viewer is more likely to focus on the primary message.

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SimplificationDecrease the extraneous content, the viewer is more likely to focus on the primary message.

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SimplificationDecrease the extraneous content, the viewer is more likely to focus on the primary message.

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SimplificationFrame your subject.

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SimplificationFrame your subject.

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SimplificationFrame your subject.

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SimplificationFrame your subject.

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Limiting focusOne approach to achieving simplification within a photograph is to use a wide aperture when shooting to limit the depth of field. When used properly in the right setting, this technique can place everything that is not the subject of the photograph to be out of focus.

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Limiting focusPlace everything that is not the subject of the photograph to be out of focus.

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Limiting focusPlace everything that is not the subject of the photograph to be out of focus.

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Limiting focusPlace everything that is not the subject of the photograph to be out of focus.

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SymmetryThe "rule of odds" suggests that an odd number of subjects in an image is more interesting than an even number. Thus if you have more than one subject in your picture, the suggestion is to choose an arrangement with at least three subjects. An even number of subjects produces symmetries in the image, which can appear less natural.

Related to the rule of odds is the observation that triangles are an aesthetically pleasing implied shape within an image.

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SymmetryThe "rule of odds" suggests that an odd number of subjects in an image is more interesting than an even number.

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SymmetryThe "rule of odds" suggests that an odd number of subjects in an image is more interesting than an even number.

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SymmetryRelated to the rule of odds is the observation that triangles are an aesthetically pleasing implied shape within an image.

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ViewpointThe position of the camera can strongly influence the aesthetics of an image. Not only does it influence the background as described above, but it also influences the viewer's interpretation of the subject.For example, if a boy is photographed from above, for example from the eye level of an adult, he is diminished in stature. A photograph taken at the child's level would treat him as an equal, and one taken from below could result in an impression of dominance.An image can be rendered more dramatic when it fills the frame. People can have a tendency to perceive things as larger than they actually are, and filling the frame fulfills this psychological mechanism. This can be used to eliminate distractions from the background.

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View PointThe position of the camera can strongly influence the aesthetics of an image.

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View PointThe position of the camera can strongly influence the aesthetics of an image.

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View PointThe position of the camera can strongly influence the aesthetics of an image.

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View PointThe position of the camera can strongly influence the aesthetics of an image.

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View PointThe camera angle influences the viewer's interpretation of the subject.

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View PointThe camera angle influences the viewer's interpretation of the subject.

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Curved LinesCurved lines are generally used to create a sense of flow within a photograph. The eye generally scans these lines with ease and enjoyment as it follows it throughout the image. Compared to straight lines, curves provide a greater dynamic influence in a photograph. When paired with soft-directional lighting curved lines can give gradated shadows which usually results in a very harmonious line structure within the image. Perspective is also important with curved lines, generally speaking the higher the viewpoint the more open the lines tend to be.

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LinesS Curves : Curved lines are generally used to create a sense of flow within a photograph.

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LinesS Curves : Curved lines are generally used to create a sense of flow within a photograph.

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LinesS Curves : Curved lines are generally used to create a sense of flow within a photograph.

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Straight LinesHorizontal, Vertical, and Angled lines all contribute to creating different moods of a photograph. The angle and the relationship to the size of the frame both work to determine the influence the line has on the image. They are also strongly influenced by tone, color, and repetition in relation to the rest of the photograph. Straight, horizontal lines, commonly found in landscape photography, gives the impression of calm, tranquility, and space. An image filled with strong vertical lines tends to have the impression of height, and grandeur. Tightly angled convergent lines give a dynamic, lively, and active effect to the image. Viewpoint is very important when dealing with lines in photography, because every different perspective elicits a different response to the photograph. Too many lines without a clear subject point suggest chaos in the im