ARCH4115 Architectural Design Studio U5: Building ... ? ARCH4115 Architectural Design Studio U5: Building

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    ARCH4115 Architectural Design Studio U5: Building . Context . Place Instructors: Thomas Chung (coordinator) tchung@cuhk.edu.hk

    Patrick Hwang phwang@cuhk.edu.hk Sebastian Law sebsaihunglaw@gmail.com Francesco Rossini rossini@cuhk.edu.hk

    Assistant: tbc Year 4 5 Units 2015-16, Term 1 Mondays, Thursdays 1:30-6:15pm

    COURSE OUTLINE The idea of relating a building to its context represents a basic understanding in designing architecture on a site, and in the company of other buildings. At the level of building, it exploits the unique quality of a site, informs the placement of building, and shapes the inside-outside relationship. At the contextual level, it considers architecture as a part of the city, and contributes to the making of public places. In traditional societies, this architectural response is obvious - a house forming a part of a village, several houses forming a village square, and a village fitting seamlessly into the rural context. With increasing demand for individuality, larger scale of cities, and rapid urbanization, this fundamental requirement of architecture is often ignored. Contextual design is sometimes argued to be of lesser importance given the vast scale, and internal concerns of architecture today. Yet the making of connectivity, openness, and publicness in architecture is ever more pressing in the contemporary city, for it alleviates isolation, fosters tolerance, and gives pleasure and meaning to places. This studio investigates contextual response and place-making in architecture. The studio searches for the design of architecture that influences urban form generation and articulation; interfaces and dialogue between architecture and city; making of sustainable cities. Behind the studio is an attempt to use architectural design as a vehicle to contribute to alternative urban strategies and place-making in Hong Kong. THEME The existing city acts as reference for design. We study the architecture in the city through its morphology and typology. We understand urban conditions and settings from direct experience and observation. We consider individual buildings as situated within the context that is the urban fabric the relationships, traditions and common needs of the city as a whole. The contemporary city acts as a point of departure for design. Through our designs, we attempt to anticipate new possibilities and scenarios that project the citys evolution. Individual works aspire to enhance urban experience and contribute to the ongoing urban process. While each building is made by the city, every new design at the same time contains the potential to transform the urban fabric.

    When you design a path, a stable, a house, a neighbourhood, always keep the city in mind. Luigi Snozzi

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    OBJECTIVES Impart appreciation about different aspects of place and site context significant for design; Explain importance of process and precedents of designs with contextual response; Teach students about building typologies and their possible translations to a specific site; Encourage students to design architecture that fosters connected, open, collective dimensions. LEARNING OUTCOMES Able to observe, document, and interpret conditions of a site; Able to achieve contextual response through site strategies, landscape and building configurations; Able to create common spaces and public expressions to demonstrate place-making; Able to speculate on a larger scale strategy to design buildings with landscape. ORGANIZATION This year, our site is an urban/landscape interface in the New Territories, and our topic is collective living as place-making. The term includes three parts. Part 1: Study of architectural works, Part 2: Site response and strategy, Part 3: Building articulation and Place-making. The third and longest part focuses on the design of a Place of Collective Living and its surrounding setting in dialogue with the existing urban fabric. The emphasis is on collective living as a potential to respond / transform the larger scale fabric of the city. In parallel, a studio compendium includes relevant theories and precedents of architecture. Part I: Study of architectural works: precedent study Students in small groups will make an intensive study of a selected work. They will focus on the key urban strategy and place-making; architectural organization and sequence; building interface and environmental ideas/response. Both individual and group work, drawings and models are required. Part 2: Preliminary design: site response and strategy Students will study at once the larger scale of the town and the more local conditions related to the scale of their specific sites. Key aspects include interface and connection between building and city, and how interventions can positively respond or transform urban patterns and architectural typologies. Part 3: Building design: articulation and place making To design a Place of Collective Living: Residential + communal programmes with an accompanying open space.* The dwellings can be aimed for youth / starter families, and may include live / work units. Students are recommended to follow the guidelines below for the mix of living units (+/- 10% tolerance is allowed). Total Project GFA of 3,500m2

    - 30% Studio flat (30m2) - Dwelling units (70%) - 60% Two-bedroom flat (50m2) - 10% Three-bedroom flat (70m2) - Circulation and Amenity space (30%)

    Communal programme (300m2) activity hall, gallery, art/culture venue, sports club, etc.

    Open space programme sports court, park, garden, outdoor social amenity, etc.

    (give public aspect for interaction, integration with surrounding)

    Site requirements Building height variable, generally between 3-8 storeys Site coverage - student to test and propose scenario

    * Detailed Project design brief will be issued at the start of Part 2

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    SCHEDULE WK DATE EVENT NOTES 1 07.09.15 M First teaching day Issue Part 1: Study of Architectural Works 10.09 Th site visit Issue site model exercise 2 14.09 M Class Seminar (method I) 17.09 Th Class Seminar (method II) 3 21.09 M 24.09 Th Review Part 1 (Study of architectural works) 4 28.09 M Mid Autumn Festival (no studio) Part 1 documentation for grading 01.10 Th National Day (no studio) Complete 1:1000 class site model 5 05.10 M Study Field trip (tbc) 08.10 Th 6 12.10 M 15.10 Th Review Part 2 (Site strategy) Issue Part 2: Preliminary Design 7 19.10 M Class Seminar: Collective Living Precedents 22.10 Th 8 26.10 M 29.10 Th 9 02.11 M 05.11 Th 10 09.11 M Review Part 3 (Building design) 12.11 Th Submit Process document and project statement for grading 11 16.11 M 19.11 Th 12 23.11 M Course evaluation week Issue Parts 3+ 4: Building Design

    + Final Review arrangements 26.11 Th 13 30.11 M 02.12 W Studio U1 Final Review 03.12 Th Studio U3 Final Review 04.12 F Studio U5 Final review (9 am-1pm) 15 14.12 M 17.12 Th Individual project documentation COORDINATION WITH REQUIRED COURSE This Studio coordinates with the required course ARCH4721 Land and City in relation to fundamental understandings of studying architecture as the shaping influence of the citys forms and processes. ARCH4721 will introduce students related to theoretical texts and key terms for discussion, and several of the courses Seminar exercises such as Mapping; Figure-Ground; and Representing a Place has been integrated with the studio aim of enabling students to explore fundamental ways of reading/mapping the city through drawings. GENERAL REFERENCES Bacon, Edmund N. Design of cities NA9050.B22 1974 Cullen, Gordon The Concise townscape HT166.C82 1971 Koolhaas, Rem Delirious New York: a retroactive manifesto for Manhattan NA735.N5K66 1994 Krier, Rob Potsdam: the making of a town NA9200.K57 K75 1997 Le Corbusier Urbanisme, the city of to-morrow and its planning NA9030.J413 1947a Lynch, Kevin The Image of the city NA9108.L9 1964 c.2 Rossi, Aldo The architecture of the city NA9031.R6713 1982 Rowe, Colin Collage city NA9050.R68 Shane, David G. Recombinant urbanism NA9050 .S5 2005

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    REQUIREMENTS General Each student is required to maintain a Process Document in the form of an A3 Folder, it will be graded after Review 3 together with the Project Statement. The folder will collate research materials and sources, design ideas and process sketches, precedents studies, notes, etc. to show development throughout the whole term. The folder will be made available during desk crits when requested by tutors, and presented at final review. Review 1: Study of Architectural Works Individual drawing (1 x A0 size) Group models - minimum TWO. 1:500, and 1:200/1:100 sectional model (additional partial models) Review 2: Preliminary design: site study, strategy and response Class site model completed Design idea summary / prelim project statement (200 words) Site analysis + strategic response (diagrams / drawings / collage) Site and building models 1:500 (parti, massing, process models) Key building plans and sections 1:250

    Review 3: Building design: articulation and place making Building programme analysis Building model in context 1:200 Building plans, sections, and elevation 1:200 Axonometric, perspective or collage Submit process document and project statement for grading Final review Friday 4th December (9:00am 1:00pm) Requirements:

    Summary of Part 1: individual and group work Summary of Part 2: individual site analysis and strategic response

    Project Statement (300 words) Site analysis: drawings or diagrams Location plan 1:1000 Site plan: 1:500 Building plans, sections, and elevations as appropriate, 1:100 or 1:200 minimum partial section and elevations as appropriate, 1:50 or 1:100 minimum Site model 1:1000 or 1:500 Building model 1:200 minimum (partial 1:100) 3D: Perspective, collage or axonometric (1 minimum)

    Chart containing: - site coverage vs open space (ground floor %)

    - actual breakdown of project gross floor area, with breakdown (m2) - no. of living units, ratio of different types, and typical sizes (m2)

    Digital documentation (COMPULSORY) (due 11th December 2014) Standard square format (double page layout) Print out at 594 x 594 mm, 200 dpi. Students ONLY get their grades until their submission is confirmed and checked by tutor. ASSESSMENT SCHEME 10% Process documentation and Participation 20% Architectural works study 70% Final project Evaluation criteria: Quality of site investigation, site strategies, contextual response, and architectural design. A student must pass all parts to pass the course.

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    CLASS LIST Thomas Chung (4115A)

    1 FENG Xijia Freddy 1155032166 2 LAI Chu Tung Jetson 1155031466 3 LAW Tse Ling Winnie 1155035025 4 LI Chun Tat Victor 1155033363 5 LO Man Him Matthew 1155020759 6 TSANG Chi Ho Jason 1155043200 7 LUO Xiaoshan Carrot 1155029066 8 PAU Hiu Wing Kathy 1155032278 9 TAN Xiaoying Vito 1155029091 10 WONG Ching Nam Carol 1155033798 11 WONG Long Hin Nichol 1155034368 12 WU Tsz Wing 1155033246 13 YAM Ka Kit 1155032827 14 ZHAO Puyu Hester 1155029147 Patrick Hwang (4115B)

    15 CHAN An Yu Andrea 1155019139 16 CHAN Chi Yan Eirene 1155034968 17 CHIU Chun Kit Patrick 1155032277 18 LAM Wai Yi Sabrina 1155033667 19 LIU Pui Hang Desmond 1155033890 20 LO Alvin Lok Kei 1155046053 21 MA Chor Yu Geoffrey 1155033670 22 TAM Wei Sen Wilson 1155050255 23 TANG Wan Ting Wendy 1155034569 24 TSANG Tin Kin Timothy 1155032956 25 YIP Chau Kit Zero 1155032365 26 YIP Heung Ching Hilary 1155032567 27 YUEN Suet Ying Circle 1155033915 28 ZHANG Jingwen Summer 1155028924

    Sebastian Law (4115C)

    29 CHEUNG Man Kit Solomon 1155046015 30 FU Yat Him Horta 1155032386 31 LEUNG Yee Hang Edith 1155016511 32 LUI Ho Yi Chloe 1155026092 33 MOK Cho Yee Joey 1155043435 34 TAM Dik Yeung Derek 1155034821 35 TSE Tsz Wai Nicole 1155043197 36 WONG Ho Yan Alexandra 1155034926 37 YAP Ai Yi Fish 1155047417 38 YAU Chun Yin Luke 1155033897 39 YEUNG Shan Yan Cindy 1155033456 40 YEUNG Yat Long Alfred 1155034910 41 YIU Chi Ho Kenny 1155034673

    Francesco Rossini (4115 D) 42 CHAN Tak Wing Certina 1155034318 43 CHENG Hiu Man Desy 1155033029 44 CHIU Yat Fung Jeffrey 1155025498 45 CHOI Lai Fei Jenny 1155034360 46 KWAN Hoi Lun Helen 1155025501 47 LAM Chun Ren 1155043202 48 LAU Kai Yin 1155034792 49 LEE Kai Fafa 1155032033 50 LEUNG Ying Jenn 1155033164 51 LI Tim Jun 1155006978 52 NG Weng In Sunnie 1155032024 53 TSE Yuen Ting Catherine 1155043199 54 WANG Yijun Sara 1155028922 55 YEUNG Ho Yin 1155025500