approaches,methods and techniques

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  • 1. Approaches, Methodsand Techniques1

2. APPROACH METHOD TECHNIQUE 3. Direct/ Expositive InstructionApproach A way of teaching which is aimedat helping students acquire somebasic skills and proceduralknowledge. It is straight forward andis done in a step by step manner. 3 4. Steps1. Provide rationale2. Demonstrate the skill3. Provide guided practice4. Check for understanding5. Provide extended practice andtransfer 4 5. Constructivist ApproachAnchored on the belief that every individual constructs and reconstructs meanings depending on past experiences which are evaluated with an end of reconstructing meanings.5 6. Suggested steps1. Review/ recall2. Posing problems, Asking questions3. Reflection4. Critical thinking activities5. Independent practice 6 7. Cooperative LearningApproachMakes use of classroomactivities which allow students towork in groups or teams to helpeach other learn. 7 8. Reflective Thinking ApproachAnchored on the ability of theteacher to guide students to reflecton their own experiences I order toarrive at new understandings andmeanings. 8 9. Some strategies1. Self analysis2. Journal Writing3. Portfolio / Scrap booking4. Asking Questions 9 10. Other Methods & TechniquesLecture Method 1.Component technique 2.Relevance technique 3.Outlining technique 10 11. Discussion Method Small Group DiscussionTechnique Socialized Classroom DiscussionTechnique Panel Discussion Technique Direct Instruction Technique Recitation Technique 12. Reporting Method Unit or Morrison Technique Individual or Group Technique Reading or Story TellingTechnique Schematic Technique Symposium 13. Demonstration Method Teacher Directed Technique Student Directed Technique Teacher Student Directed Technique Resource Speaker DirectedTechnique 14. Activity Method Project Technique Field Trip Technique Brainstorming Technique Debate Technique Dramatization Technique Role Playing Technique Simulation - Game Technique 15. Investigatory Method1.Laboratory Technique2.Research Technique3.Field Study Technique4.Experimenting Technique5.Problem Solving Technique15 16. Self Pacing Method1.Programmed Instruction2.Modular Learning3.Correspondence Courses 16 17. Cooperative LearningTechniques1.Popcorn Topics2.Fish Bowl/ Inside-Outside Circle3.Jigsaw4.Three Step Interview5.Pairs Check 17 18. Integrated Method1.Lecture Discussion2.Demonstration Lecture3.Film Showing Discussion4.Reporting - Discussion18 19. Unified ApproachKnowledge should bepresented as a whole and nota fragmented bits.Previous learning should bereinforced.Knowledge should beexpanded. 19 20. Unified ApproachA way to treat relationshipsthat exist among the significantcomponents making up a givenbody of knowledge.Features Highly cognitive Leads to insightful learning Holistic treatment of knowledge (cause effect) 20 21. Unified ApproachIllustrationSocietyA group of people Culturesharing a commonEvery individuals behaviorcreates a so calledIt is made up of Social StatusSocial InstitutionsSocializationSocial Roles Socialization to adopt the same21 22. 22