Appendicular Skeleton. Your appendicular skeleton includes all of the bones and joints that make up your appendages This includes the shoulder girdles.

Download Appendicular Skeleton. Your appendicular skeleton includes all of the bones and joints that make up your appendages This includes the shoulder girdles.

Post on 17-Jan-2016

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Appendicular SkeletonAppendicular SkeletonYour appendicular skeleton includes all of the bones and joints that make up your appendagesThis includes the shoulder girdles and pelvic girdlesShoulder GirdleYour shoulder girdle consists of two bonesClavicleScapulaScapulaYou have both a right and left scapulaIt connects to two bonesHumerusClavicleThe scapula is sometimes called the shoulder bladeClavicleYour clavicle is a small bone that connects to two bonesSternumScapulaYour clavicle is sometimes called your collar boneIt is fragile. It only takes approximately 8 pounds of pressure to break.Arm bonesThere are three bones that make up the bones of your armThe humerusThe radiusThe ulnaHumerusThe humerus is the bone in your upper armIt connects to three bonesThe radiusThe ulnaThe scapulaYou get the term funny bone from your humerus. The RadiusThe radius is one of two bones of your lower armIn anatomical position it is the bone on your thumb side of your armIt gets its name because it has a circular head. Think about the radius of a circle when remembering which one is which.The UlnaThe ulna is the other bone in your lower armIt is responsible for creating a majority of the joint of your elbowIt is on the pinky side of your arm in anatomical position.The HandsYour hands are made up of 27 bones.You have 14 phalangesYou have 5 metacarpalsyou have 8 carpal bonesPhalangesThe phalanges make up the finger bones of your handEach finger has three phalanges except for the thumb which has only two.MetacarpalsYour metacarpals are the bones of your hand that are long bonesYou have one for each fingerCarpalsYou have carpal bones which make up the bones of your wristThese 8 bones are bound by ligaments to restrict their movementPelvic GirdleYour legs attach to your thorax via the pelvic girdleThe pelvic girdle is made up of a left and right os coxae.Os CoxaeEach os coxae is made up of three bones that are fused together in early developmentThe IschiumThe IliumThe PubisThe ischiumThe ischium is the curved bone that forms the obturator foramen of the os coxaeIt connects to both the ilium and pubis at the acetabulumIliumThe ilium is the large fan like bone that forms the hip portion of the os coxaeThe width from one iliac crest to the other is called the false pelvisThe true pelvis is near the pelvic outletPubisThe pubis is the anterior connection point of the left and right os coxaeIt is the smallest of the 3 bones that make up the os coxae.Male and Female differences in ossa CoxaeThe female inlet is large and more circularThe female bones are usually lighter and thinnerThe angle of the pubic arch is usually greater than 90 degreesLegsLike your arms your legs are made up of three bonesOne bone makes up the upper legTwo bones make up the lower legFemurThe femur is the largest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the entire bodyIt has a large ball head the connects to the acetabulum of the ossa coxaeFibula and TibiaYou have two bones that make up the lower legsThe fibula -- skinner and on the lateral side in anatomical positionThe tibia -- bigger and bulkier than the fibula. Located medially to the fibula.Only the tibia connects to the femur and patellaFeetYour feet are composed of 26 bonesWe break the feet up into 3 sections similar to our handsPhalangesMetatarsalsTarsalsPhalangesJust like in your hands you have 14 phalangesThe consist of a proximal, medial, and distal phalangeYour big toe is constructed similarly to your thumb and does not have a medial phalangeMetatarsalsJust like in your hands you have 5 metatarsalsEach one corresponds to a set of phalangesTarsalsIn your feet you have 7 tarsal bonesThe two biggest are the talus and calcaneusThe talus connects your feet to your tibia and fibulaYour calcaneus is your heelPatellaYour knee cap is a singular boneIt connects to the femur, and tibia

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