Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints

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Lab # 5. Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints. The Knee Joint. TYPES OF JOINTS. (Martini, pages 267-268) . 1- Synarthrotic (fibrous). They are non-movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Articulating bones are held together by fibrous tissue. Ex: sutures and syndesmoses. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>Slide 1</p> <p>Appendicular Skeleton, and JointsLab # 5</p> <p>9</p> <p>The Knee JointTYPES OF JOINTS1- Synarthrotic (fibrous)2- Amphiarthrotic (cartilaginous)3- Diarthrotic or SynovialThey are non-movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Articulating bones are held together by fibrous tissue. Ex: sutures and syndesmosesThey are slightly movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Bones are held together by cartilage and ligaments. Ex: Symphyses pubisThey are freely movable. Articulating bones are covering by a thin layer of articulating cartilage. The bones are joined by a fibrous capsule lined by a synovial membrane, and by ligaments (Martini, pages 267-268) 19</p> <p>Plane jointTypes of Synovial Joints20</p> <p>Types of Synovial Joints Condyloid joint21</p> <p>The Knee JointFemurTibiaPatellaTibiofemoral jointFemoropatellar joint-22</p> <p>Tendon of the quadricepsPatellar ligamentSynovial cavity23</p> <p>Quadriceps femoris muscleTendon of quadricepsPatellar ligamentMedialpatellar retinaculumpatellar retinaculumLateralcollateral ligamentcollateral ligamentTibialFibular24</p> <p>Tendon of quadricepsPatellar ligamentTibial collateral ligamentFibular collateral ligamentcondylecondyleLateralMedialcruciate ligamentcruciate ligamentAnteriorPosteriormeniscusmeniscusLateralMedial25</p>